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OpenMRS in Rwanda Hamish Fraser Director of Informatics and Telemedicine, Partners In Health Assistant Prof. Harvard Medical School Co-founder, OpenMRS.

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Presentation on theme: "OpenMRS in Rwanda Hamish Fraser Director of Informatics and Telemedicine, Partners In Health Assistant Prof. Harvard Medical School Co-founder, OpenMRS."— Presentation transcript:

1 OpenMRS in Rwanda Hamish Fraser Director of Informatics and Telemedicine, Partners In Health Assistant Prof. Harvard Medical School Co-founder, OpenMRS Collaborative

2 Overview Rwanda Health Care System OpenMRS sites Training Rrogram Rwanda National OpenMRS Rollout National eHealth Architecture

3 Rwanda health indicators A small central African country: –Population 9 M people –Highest population density in Africa, 85% rural Achieved rapid economic growth since genocide in 1994, but still has very poor health outcomes: –Life expectancy years –Infant mortality 152/1000 –Maternal mortality 1071/100K –Medium income $230 –HIV prevalence 3% –Malaria prevalence 46%

4 OpenMRS origins First OpenMRS site –Eldoret, Kenya February 2006 Second site –Rwinkwavu, Rwanda August 2006 Third site –Richmond Hospital, South Africa September/October 2006

5 OpenMRS Sites in Rwanda Clinics run by Ministry of Health –Supported by Partners In Health The TRAC clinic –Large HIV clinic run by the MOH Town of Mayange –Millennium Villages project National Tuberculosis program –OpenMRS-TB

6 Rwanda

7 OpenMRS at PIH sites in Rwanda Currently used in 12 PIH – supported health centers 8 sites have own server –6 remote sites have synchronized copy of entire database Registration, encounter and lab data –TB, HIV, and now heart failure patients –Over 10,000 patients tracked (Sep. 2009) Team of Rwandan data officers trained to enter data, ensure quality & produce reports Clinicians use electronic patient summaries Many new research and clinical applications

8 OpenMRS dashboard - HIV Care

9 Physician looking up ARV patient

10 OpenMRS-TB, bacteriology data Bacteriology management tools include a customizable timeline of smears, cultures, treatment status dates, culture conversion dates, and other clinical observations.

11 Report of MDR-TB cases BIRT report

12 National OpenMRS rollout MOH and PIH are augmenting OpenMRS for roll out in hundreds of clinics in Rwanda One month ago we were asked to move ahead with the HIV clinics supported by the GFATM We are developing a new version for primary care

13 Proposed primary care version of OpenMRS for Rwanda 13 Patient Registration Clinical Diagnostics Prescription Drugs Mutuelles de Santé Laboratory testing 4

14 Patient registration system (prototype) 14 1 Patient Identification Patient Registration Patient Summary Barcode affixed to patient’s health passport provides a unique identifier to each person Can be used at any clinic or hospital May move to 2 D barcodes Progression of vitals (i.e. height, weight, blood pressure) Serious allergies and/or drug reactions Current prescriptions Current treatment program Next appointment / appointment history Assists nurse or physician’s assistant in quickly assessing status Contents stored include: name, age, gender, phone #, insurance, address Time saved for clinics – no need to reenter patient’s personal information every visit Check for duplicate records / names

15 Kigali Developer training There is a shortage of Java programmers who can work on eHealth systems like OpenMRS A year ago we set up a training program for computer science graduates to learn these skills The students graduated last week and are working on modules for the OpenMRS rollout for HIV

16 eHealth Architecture Project Rwanda has embarked on a plan to create national eHealth architecture This will define the functions of each components and interoperability standards for each A meeting was hosted by WHO last week in Kigali. Over 100 people from Rwanda, other African countries and the developed world worked on these specifications and interoperability profiles

17 Open standards and interoperability To be sustainable information systems need to be designed with compliance with open standards Leverage the expertise and experience of groups in each area: –Laboratory, Pharmacy, EMR, Reporting and surveillance Business as usual is hundreds of incompatible systems with limited functionality and high cost

18 Potential components of integrated national eHealth architecture in Rwanda EMR System OpenMRS National reporting system TRACNet Pharmacy system PIH Registration and insurance Mutuelle Mobile health systems OpenROSA Radiology / telemedicine system Laboratory System PIH-Lab-system IXF/SDMX HL7 HL7? HL7 Dicom HL7 Supply chain systems Camerwa

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20 Challenges for OpenMRS Deployments Equipment, power supplies and networks Data management and quality control Evaluation Sustainability Training –Programmers –IT staff –Data entry staff and managers –Users

21 Conclusions OpenMRS is now heading for widespread use in Rwanda There are studies showing benefits from OpenMRS in process and delivery of care as well as reporting Open standards for data exchange are essential in scaling information systems and reducing costs. Open source software allow the creation of better, more flexible and sustainable tools and allow local communities to build and modify them

22 Collaborators and Funders Partners In Health Regenstrief institute Medical Research Council, South Africa World Health Organization US Centers for Disease Control Brigham and Women hospital Harvard Medical School University of KwaZulu-Natal Millennium Villages Project International Development Research Centre, Ottawa Rockefeller Foundation Fogarty International Center, NIH Boston Consulting Group Google Inc

23 Question? People in the web conference please hold your questions until the panel at 11 am


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