2 Class 2 Internet and Intranet History and Function Email dan internet Browsing (if possible)Transfer File and File SavingVirus
3 MISPREDICTIONS BY IT INDUSTRY LEADERS This “telephone” has too many shortcomings to be seriouslyconsidered as a means of communication. The device is inherentlyof no value to us.-Western Union internal memo, 1876I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.-Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943But what [is a microchip] good for?-Engineer at the Advanced ComputingSystems Division of IBM, 1968There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.-Ken Olson, president, chairman, and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977640K ought to be enough for anybody.-Attributed to Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft, 1981Dell has a great business model, but that dog won’t scale.-John Shoemaker, head of Sun’s server division, 2000
4 Internet and Intranet Internet International network of network that are commercial (private) and publicly owned, connecting thousands of different network from more 200 countries around the world. (Managing digital Firm Page 17, K.C Laudon)
5 Internet and Intranet Intranet Extranet An internal network based on internet and World Wide Web Standards (Managing digital Firm Page 24, K.C Laudon)ExtranetPrivate Intranet that is accessible to authorized outsiders. (Managing digital Firm Page 24, K.C Laudon)
7 Internet History 1836 Telegraph, Patented. Transatlantic cable. Europe and US1876 Telephone by Alexander Graham Bell1957 Sputnik launch (USSR), Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Inside US DoDPacket-switching (PS) networks initiate as foundation of data transfer in internet1969 the birth of ARPANET by DoD1971 ARPANET expanded to 15 nodes (23 host), were introduce1972 the first public demonstration of ARPANET connecting 40 host, Telnet were introduce
8 Internet History (con’t) 1973The first International connection of ARPANET to University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway)Ethernet and FTP (file transfer protocol) format were initiate, the idea of internet emerged.1974TCP (Transmission Control Program) used as standard in ARPANET networkTelenet, commercial version of ARPANET launched.1976Networking networks expanding.UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy) created by AT&T Bell Labs and distributed together with UNIXUNIX as operating system still used until now.
9 Internet History (con’t) 1977become more popularInternet became reality with 100 connected host.THEORYNET became the fist network that provide to more than 100 researcher.format and specifications became standardPublic demonstration of ARPANET/Packet Radio Net/ SATNET Internet protocols through gateways.1979News Groups introducedUSENET created with UUCP and still used until todayARPA created Internet Configuration Control Board.
10 Internet History (con’t) 1981Various private and commercial network started to combine and connected.BITNET ("Because It's Time NETwork”) started as first cooperative network at City University (New York) with first connection to Yale University1982TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) dan Internet Protocol (IP) ), became future data communication standard.1983Internet became bigger and biggerName server created, host naming with alphabet characters started.Internet Activities Board (IAB) created replacing ICCBBerkeley Labs launch UNIX 4.2BSD with TCP/IP
11 Internet History (con’t) 1984Host connected reach 1000 hostsDomain Name Server (DNS) implemented, host naming become less complicated = (1986Internet power become reality with 5000 host connected and 241 news groups.Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) created.1987Internet commercialization, host number increased toUUNET established provided commercial UUCP and Usenet access.
12 Internet History (con’t) 1988Introduction of Internet Relay Chat (IRC)1989Host increase to 100,000 hosts.The first relay between commercial and internetInternet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) established under IAB1990Host increase to 300,000 Hosts and 1,000 News groupsARPANET existence decreaseThe World (world.std.com) the first company that provide internet service through dial up
13 Internet History (con’t) 1991Friendly User Interface ke WWW created.Gopher created by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill from university of Minnesota.World-Wide Web (WWW) standard established by CERN; Tim Berners-Lee1992Multimedia change the face of internetHost number increase to 1 million, News groups reach 4,000Established of Internet Society (ISOC)The first MBONE audio multicast (March) dan video multicast (November)."Surfing the Internet" introduced by by Jean Armour Polly.
14 Internet History (con’t) 1993WWW revolution, 2 Million hosts and 600 WWW sites.Business and Media really take notice of the Internet.White house and United Nations on-line.Mosaic popularity in internet as front end for WWW evolved to Netscape the most popular WWW browser at that time.1994Internet commercialization started, 3 million host www sites and newsgroupARPANET/Internet 25th year anniversary.Local community started to connect directly to internet, US senate start to give information server access.Internet Became life standard, the first Cyberbank opened
15 Internet History (con’t) 19956.5 Million Hosts, 100,000 WWW Sites.dial-up systems (by Compuserve, America Online, Prodigy) selling internet accessDomain name registration is not free any more.Search Engine technology introduced.1996Microsoft entering internet business, 12.8 Million hosts and 0.5 million WWW sites.Telephone Technology through internet (VO-IP) became threat to telecommunication industry, they plead to US senate to banned this technology. (US Senate only banned this technology only for 1 year)WWW wars between netscape dan microsoft started.
16 Domain Name Registration Jan. ‘89 - Jul. ‘97 April 2001: 31,000,000 Domain Names!!!
17 September 2002The Internet Reached Two Important Milestones:200,000,000 IP Hosts> 840,000,000 Users
18 Internet Growth Trends 2005The sky is the limitsUse search engine to find more information
20 Internet Growth Trends 1977: 111 hosts on Internet1981: 213 hosts1983: 562 hosts1984: 1,000 hosts1986: 5,000 hosts1987: 10,000 hosts1989: 100,000 hosts1992: 1,000,000 hosts2001: 150 – 175 million hosts2002: over 200 million hostsBy 2010, about 80% of the planet will be on the Internet
21 Sept. 1, 2002 Dot-Com Bust Begins Chart by William F. Slater, III The Internet was not known as "The Internet" until January 1984, at which timethere were 1000 hosts that were all converted over to using TCP/IP.Copyright 2002, William F. Slater, III, Chicago, IL, USA
22 Internet Population (in million) Asia 258Europe 231Canada & USA Latin America 56Middle East 17Oceania 16AfricaTotal(Oct. 2004, )
23 Email and internet INTERNET naming based on TCP/IP protocol IP (Internet Protocol)Based on 4 column between 0 and 255 and each colu mn separated by dot.xxx.xxx.xxx.xxxThis technology called IPv4 (Internet Protocol Version 4)
24 Email and internet (con’t) IP address management in the world being distributed an d manage by InterNIC where it will distributed to ISP (Inte rnet Service Provider),ISP will distributed to its user and customer.DNS (domain name system) used to give flexibility to tran slate ip address number to non number identification.==
25 Email and internet (con’t) DNS concepts can be describe asmaiser.unila.ac.id4 = country code.id = Indonesia.uk = United Kingdom.us = United States.jp = Japan.au = Australia.sg = Singapore
26 Email and internet (con’t) maiser.unila.ac.id.ac / the third column = institution type.ac. = Academic.edu.= Education.mil.= militer.com/co.= commercial.gov/go. = government.org / or = organization.net. = Internet Service Provider.tv. = televisionWeb = web provide companySch = school
27 Email and internet (con’t) maiser.unila.ac.id.unila / 2nd column = institution name.itb.= Institut Teknologi Bandung.ui. = Universitas Indonesia.bppt. = BPPT.ptme = PT. Metrodata Elektronik.republika = Koran RepublikaMaiser. / 1st column = machine/host name/sub institution maiser = komputer mail servercnrg = computer network research group xxx = komputer xxx
28 Email Format email email@example.com MISAL : firstname.lastname@example.org readerPine (unix environment)Outlook (windows environment)Netscape Messengger (windows environment)Eudora (windows environment)Pegasus (dos/windows environment)dll
29 Main component of email (HEADER) From (sender)To (receiver)CC (carbon copy / tembusan)BCC (blind carbon copy / tembusan)Subject (isi subyek dari )ATTACHMENT (sisipan file)
30 Email Internal Universitas Lampung Telnet ke server menggunakanTelnet client (windows XP)Server telnet + maiser.unila.ac.idWeb basedserver utamainternal webmail
31 Telnet procedureStart Run cmd (untuk menjalankan console DOS pada windows XP)Ketikkan telnet maiser.unila.ac.id
33 Virus (con’t)Jerusalem, is unleashed. Activated every Friday the 13th, the virus affects both .EXE and .COM files and deletes any programs run on that day.Symantec launches Norton AntiVirus, one of the first anti-virus programs developed by a large company.Tequila is the first widespread polymorphic virus found in the wild. Polymorphic viruses make detection difficult for virus scanners by changing their appearance with each new infection.viruses are in existence, an increase of 420% from December of 1990.
34 Virus (con’t)The Melissa virus, W97M/Melissa, executes a macro in a document attached to an , which forwards the document to 50 people in the user's Outlook address book. The virus also infects other Word documents and subsequently mails them out as attachments. Melissa spread faster than any other previous virus.The Love Bug, also known as the ILOVEYOU virus, sends itself out via Outlook, much like Melissa. The virus comes as a VBS attachment and deletes files, including MP3, MP2, and JPG. It also sends usernames and passwords to the virus' author. W97M.Resume.A, a new variation of the Melissa virus, is determined to be in the wild. The "resume" virus acts much like Melissa, using a Word macro to infect Outlook and spread itself.
35 Virus (con’t) 2001 The Anna Kournikova virus, also known as VBS/SST. It spreads by sending copies of itself to the entire address book in Microsoft Outlook.It is believed that this virus was created with a so-called virus creation kit, a program which can enable even a novice programmer to create these malicious programs.The Code Red I and II worms attacked computer networks in July and August.According to Computer Economics they affected over 700,000 computers and caused upwards of 2 billion in damages.A worm spreads through external and (then) internal computer networks, as opposed to a virus which infects computers via and certain websites.Code Red took advantage of a vulnerability in Microsoft's Windows 2000 and Windows NT server software.Microsoft developed a patch to protect networks against the worm, and admits that they too were attacked. Other major companies affected include AT&T, and the AP.
36 Virus (con’t)Trojan.Xombe, Randex, Bizex, Witty, MP3Concept, Sasser, Mac OS X, W64.Rugrat.3344, Symb/Cabir-A, JS/Scob-A, WCE/Duts-A, W32/Amus-A,social engineering taking the lead in propagation techniques. Trojan.Xombe was sent out to a wide audience.It posed as a message from Microsoft Windows Update asking you to run the attached revision to XP Service Pack 1.In February it was demonstrated that virus writers were starting to ply their craft for money. A German magazine managed to buy a list of infected IP addresses from a distributor of the virus Randex. These IP addresses were for sale to spammers who could use the infected machines as mail zombies.In April saw the Sasser worm which is the first to effectively use the LSASS Windows vulnerability; a vulnerability that allowed the worm to spread via an open FTP port instead of throughIn June Symb/Cabir-A appeared to infect Nokia Series 60 mobile phones. The worm is designed to spread to nearby Bluetooth-enabled devices.
37 Virus (con’t) 2005 - Bropia, Troj/BankAsh, Commwarrior, Chod In 2005 the end of January saw the Bropia Worm which targets MSN Messenger for spreading.The 9th of February then saw Troj/BankAsh, the first Trojan to attack the new (still in beta) Microsoft AntiSpyware product.This Trojan also was reported to go after various British on-line banking services.The start of March saw distribution of another mobile phone worm: Commwarrior, which spread via MMS messaging.The end of March/start of April saw variants of Chod appear. This is a sophisticated worm that spreads via and the MSN Messaging client.