Presentation on theme: "Soaring to New Heights – The Renaissance in Italy TODAY Florence—The School of the World: Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and Others: Lorenzo the Magnificent;"— Presentation transcript:
Soaring to New Heights – The Renaissance in Italy TODAY Florence—The School of the World: Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and Others: Lorenzo the Magnificent; Maturing of Italian Humanism and Renaissance Ideals
Filippo Brunelleschi - Dome of the Cathedral 1420-36 - Duomo, Florence
Donatello David c. 1430 Bronze, height: 185 cm Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence
Masaccio - The Expulsion The Brancacci Chapel, Florence 1426
Fra Angelico - c.1434-35 Deposition of Christ - Florence: San Marco
Fra Filippo Lippi - Madonna with the Child and two Angels 1465 Tempera on wood, 95 x 62 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Piero della Francesca - Baptism of Christ - 1448-50 Tempera on panel, 167 x 116 cm National Gallery, London
Andrea del Castagno - The Youthful David c. 1450 Tempera on leather on wood, width at bottom 115,6 x 41 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Lorenzo de’ Medici, also known as Lorenzo the Magnificent Florentine statesman, ruler, and patron of arts and letters, the most brilliant of the Medici. He ruled Florence with his younger brother, Giuliano (1453–78), from 1469 to 1478 and, after the latter's assassination, was sole ruler from 1478 to 1492. Raphael – Portrait of Lorenzo de’ Medici, 1518.
Leon Battista Alberti 1404-1472 Italian humanist, architect, and principal initiator of Renaissance art theory. In his personality, works, and breadth of learning, he is considered the prototype of the Renaissance “universal man.”
Leon Battista Alberti 1445 -1470 Palazzo Rucellai facade Florence
Leon Battista Alberti - Exterior of Tempio Malatestiana - 1450 S. Francesco, Rimini
Leon Battista Alberti - 1456-70 - Santa Maria Novella - Florence
Leon Battista Alberti - 1456-70 Santa Maria Novella - facade Florence
Paolo Uccello - 1397-1475 Florentine painter whose work attempted uniquely to reconcile two distinct artistic styles—the essentially decorative late Gothic and the new heroic style of the early Renaissance. He was the first painter to complete a work in precise linear perspective.
Paolo Uccello - Creation of Eve and Original Sin - 1432-36 Fresco, 244 x 478 cm - Green Cloister, Santa Maria Novella, Florence
Paolo Uccello – Crucifixion - 1460-65 Tempera on panel, 45 x 67 cm - Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Sandro Botticelli - 1445-1510 One of the greatest lyrical painters of the Florentine Renaissance. His The Birth of Venus and Primavera are often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance. At the same time, he never wholly lost the influence of the International Gothic Style.
Sandro Botticelli - Adoration of the Magi – 1465-67 - Tempera on panel, 50 x 136 cm - National Gallery, London
Fra Filippo Lippi - Madonna with the Child and two Angels
Leonardo da Vinci - 1452-1519 Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. His Last Supper (1495–98) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503–06) are among the most widely popular and influential paintings of the Renaissance. His notebooks reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry and a mechanical inventiveness that were centuries ahead of their time.
Verrochio - The Baptism of Christ 1472- 75 Tempera and oil on panel Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Verrochio The Baptism of Christ 1472-75 Detail by Leonardo da Vinci Tempera and oil on panel Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Leonardo da Vinci - Automobile 1478-80 Metalpoint, pen and brush on paper, 27 x 20 cm Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan
Leonardo da Vinci - Crossbow Machine - 1480-82 - Drawing Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan
Leonardo da Vinci - Assault chariot with scythes - c. 1485 Silverpoint, pen and ink on paper, 210 x 292 mm - Biblioteca Reale, Turin
Leonardo da Vinci – Drawings of a woman’s torso and torso and arms - Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan
Leonardo da Vinci - The Battle of Anghiari (detail) - 1503-05 Black chalk, pen and ink
Michelangelo - 1475-1564 Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, and poet who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Michelangelo was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then, he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence.
Laocoön marble sculpture attributed to Agesander, Athenodorus, and Polydorus of Rhodes (or perhaps a Roman copy) 2nd century B.C.E.–1st century C.E. – Vatican Museum
Michelangelo Madonna of the Stairs 1490-92 Marble, 55,5 x 40 cm Casa Buonarroti, Florence
Pazzi Madonna – Donatello 1420-30s Marble, 74,5 x 69,5 cm - Staatliche Museen, Berlin
Michelangelo Battle - c. 1492 Marble, 84,5 x 90,5 cm Casa Buonarroti, Florence
Michelangelo – Vatican Pietà -1499 - Marble, height 174 cm, width at the base 195 cm - Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican
Raphael - 1483-1520 Master painter and architect of the Italian Renaissance. Raphael is best known for his paintings of the Madonna and for his large figural compositions in the Vatican in Rome. His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition, and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur.
Pietro Perugino c. 1494 Francesco delle Opere Florence: Galleria degli Uffizi
Raphael Angel (fragment of the Baronci Altarpiece) 1500-01 Oil on wood, 57 x 36 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris
Raphael Crucifixion (Città di Castello Altarpiece) 1502-03 Oil on wood, 281 x 165 cm National Gallery, London
Raphael - The Granduca Madonna 1504 Oil on wood, 84 x 55 cm Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence
Raphael - Madonna and Child (The Small Cowper Madonna) 1504-05 Oil on wood, 58 x 43 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Raphael - The Three Graces - 1504-05 Oil on panel, 17 x 17 cm - Musée Condé, Chantilly
Raphael - St Michael and the Dragon c. 1505 Oil on wood, 31 x 27 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris
Raphael - Self-Portrait 1506 Oil on wood, 45 x 33 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Raphael - Portrait of Maddalena Doni 1506 Oil on panel, 63 x 45 cm Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence
Raphael - Madonna of Belvedere (Madonna del Prato) 1506 Oil on wood, 113 x 88 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Raphael - The Entombment 1507 Oil on wood, 184 x 176 cm Galleria Borghese, Rome Painted in Umbria