Presentation on theme: "2013 VA Governor’s Transportation Conference Ed McCarthy, SVP & COO CMA CGM (America) LLC."— Presentation transcript:
2013 VA Governor’s Transportation Conference Ed McCarthy, SVP & COO CMA CGM (America) LLC
Large Ships “You can debate their impact, but you cannot deny that they are coming!” – said by a Roman General referring to the Huns in 425 AD That being the case, planning and preparing for them is the responsible course.
Large Ships Who Has Them & Where? Raise Your Hand if You Remember the phrase “Trickle Down Economics” Most Grays Go To Here
Thank You! CMA CGM CORTE REAL, Long Beach CA The largest CMA CGM vessel to call North America 13,830 TEUs
Length over all1299.21 ft Breadth175.85 ft Depth to main deck98.09 ft Draught, scantling52.49 ft Air draft (after tilting)219.81 ft Deadweight on Ts187,626 Ton Lightship weight54,400 Ton Service Speed24,1 knots Main particulars CMA CGM MARCO POLO 16000 Class of Container Ships A Quick Size Comparison
Ships carry 99% of overseas trade in volume terms and 62% in value terms, the remainder being conveyed by air. 90% of all international trade moves by sea Globally, the ton-miles of freight moved by water are more than twice the total ton-miles moved by road, railway, and air combined. Water transportation is less costly and more efficient than other modes of transport: http://www.greatlakes-seaway.com/en/aboutus/competitiveness.html Efficiency Comparison
Comparison of Co2 emissions between different modes of transport Rail car with container 42
Some Hard Numbers What can be expected operationally as ships get larger? 5100 = USEC Workhorse 8500 = USEC Largest
Large Ships Port Impact Harbor Depth (& Air Draft) Berths – 1300 Foot? Cranes – Reach (20+), How Many Per Berth? Moves Per Hour Critical On Dock Rail Back of Crane Infrastructure Gates Intense “Peak Days” Highways Pilots & Tugs Large Ships Present Two Major Challenges 1 = Size of the ships 2 = Highly Concentrated Volumes of Cargo Rail Impact Longer Trains Flatcar Availability Double Stack On Dock Rail Higher Ramp Traffic Concentration Origin & Destination Dedicated Trains/Corridors Customer Impact Concentrated Flows = High Velocity Potential Warehouse Stresses Improved Schedule Reliability Dray Power Challenges Effectively Managing These Issues Will Result In Improved Efficiency Throughout the Supply Chain
CMA CGM AMERIGO VESPUCCI (13,830 TEUs) The New Panama Canal
13.000 teu Vessels will be capable of transiting the Panama Canal
APM - Norfolk Capacity – 1.1M teus / 650K lifts – Occupancy 74% 260 acres of operating space 8 Super Post Panamax 3,225ft of berth RMG Operation On Dock rail (14,400ft track) Alongside – 55ft MLW Channel - 50ft MLW Turning Basin – No restrictions Tidal Range – 2 to 3ft Future build out = 4000ft of berth, 2 addt. Super Post Panamax cranes, 370 acres, 2.1M Teu capacity as volumes warrant Capacity – 2.1M teus / 1.2M teus – Occupancy 52% 131 acres of operating space (Total Terminal space – 567 acres) 14 Super Post Panamax cranes (245ft reach / 27 across) 1 R0/RO berth 6630ft of berth Alongside – 55ft MLW Channel – 50ft MLW Turning Basin – No restriction Tidal Range – 2 to 3 ft Straddle Operation (Container yard) & Reach Stackers (Intermodal Yard) On dock rail NS / CSX off dock (100,000ft) Future = Expansion of acreage and order of new Super Post Panamax cranes as volumes warrant NIT- Norfolk SEAGIRT Baltimore Capacity – 1.2M teus / 705K lifts - occupancy 43% 284 acres of operating space 7 Post Panamax cranes / 4 Super Post Panamax RTG / Top Loader Operation 3127ft of berth On dock rail CSX / Near Dock NS Channel – 50ft MLW 3 Berth @ 45MLW with new Berth 4 @ 50ft MLW Air draft – 185ft MHW Tidal Range – 1.5ft Turning Basin – 1350ft
SCSPA - WANDO Capacity – 1.6M Teus / 940K lift – Occupancy 50% 246 acres of operating space 12 cranes – 8 Super Post Panamax / 4 Post Panamax 3,800ft of berth RTG Operation Off Dock rail (virtual on dock program) Channel - 45ft MLW Alongside – 50ft MLW Air draft – 186ft MHW Tidal Range – 5.5 ft Turning Basin – 2,110ft Capacity – 1.2M Teus / 705K lifts – Occupancy 50% 201 acres of operating space 6 cranes – 2 Super Post Panamax / 4 Post Panamax 2,500ft of berth RTG Operation Off Dock rail (virtual on dock program) Channel – 45ft MLW Alongside – 49ft MLW Air draft – 155ft MHW Tidal Range – 5.5ft Turning Basin – 1754ft SCSPA - NCT Capacity – 4.2M Teus / 2.98M lifts – 71% occupancy 850 acres of operating space (1200 acres in total) 23 cranes - 6 Post Panamax / 12 Super Post Panamax Delivery of 4 new Super Post Panamax cranes in June 2013 RTG Operation (116 in operation) 9,700 feet of berth On dock rail (CSX & NS) Future Capacity – 6.5M teus / 3.6M lifts (2022) Investment 70 new RTG (Total build out of 186) Channel – 38ft MLW (w/o tide restriction) Alongside – 48ft MLW Air draft – 186ft MHW Tidal Range – 7ft Turning Basin – 1500ft x 1600ft GPA Savannah
As you can see…. Norfolk and Baltimore are well positioned with plenty of draft and capacity, as well as on-dock rail. Charleston faces challenges without on-dock rail (although a virtual substitute is offered), and potential tidal sailing requirements. NCT’s shortage of super PPM cranes may be an issue as well. Savannah has on-dock rail, but limited channel depth. However, Savannah has the advantage of major customer distribution centers directly adjacent to the terminal facility.