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ทฤษฎีและนโยบายการเงิน Monetary Theory and PolicyMoney Supply Process Analyzing the Policy tools
The Federal Fund MarketFederal Fund Rate Discount Rate Demand ( Reserve Demand ) Supply Borrowed Reserve + Non – Borrowed Reserve
Fed Fund Rate Reserve S E iFF iD D NBR R*
Effect of Policy Tools Open Market Operation Discount LoanPurchase / Sale Discount Loan Increase rate / Decrease Rate Required Reserve Increase require reserve ratio / Decrease RR
Fed Fund Rate Reserve Open Market Operation : Purchase S0 S1 E0 iFF0 iFF1 E1 iD D NBR R0 R1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve Open Market Operation : Sale S1 S0 E1 iFF1 E0 iFF0 iD D NBR R1 R0
Fed Fund Rate Reserve S1 S0 E1 iFF1 E0 iFF0 Discount Rate : Increase iD D NBR R1 R0
Fed Fund Rate Reserve S0 S1 E0 iFF0 iFF1 E1 Discount Rate : Decrease iD D NBR R0 R1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve Required Reserve : Increase S E1 iFF1 E0 iFF0 iD D1 D0 NBR R0 R1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve Required Reserve : Decrease S E0 iFF0 E1 iFF1 iD D0 D1 NBR R1 R0
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