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ทฤษฎีและนโยบาย การเงิน Monetary Theory and Policy Money Supply Process Analyzing the Policy tools
The Federal Fund Market Federal Fund Rate Discount Rate Demand ( Reserve Demand ) Supply –Borrowed Reserve + Non – Borrowed Reserve
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E iDiD i FF R*NBR S D
Effect of Policy Tools Open Market Operation –Purchase / Sale Discount Loan –Increase rate / Decrease Rate Required Reserve –Increase require reserve ratio / Decrease RR
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E0E0 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR Open Market Operation : Purchase S1S1 S0S0 D R1R1 i FF1 E1E1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E0E0 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR Open Market Operation : Sale S1S1 S0S0 D R1R1 i FF1 E1E1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E0E0 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR Discount Rate : Increase S1S1 S0S0 D R1R1 i FF1 E1E1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E1E1 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR Discount Rate : Decrease S1S1 S0S0 D R1R1 i FF1 E0E0
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E0E0 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR S D0D0 E1E1 R1R1 i FF1 Required Reserve : Increase D1D1
Fed Fund Rate Reserve E0E0 iDiD i FF0 R0R0 NBR S D0D0 E1E1 R1R1 i FF1 Required Reserve : Decrease D1D1
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