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Debugging Tools Tim Purcell NVIDIA. Programming Soap Box Successful programming systems require at least three ‘tools’ Successful programming systems.

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Presentation on theme: "Debugging Tools Tim Purcell NVIDIA. Programming Soap Box Successful programming systems require at least three ‘tools’ Successful programming systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 Debugging Tools Tim Purcell NVIDIA

2 Programming Soap Box Successful programming systems require at least three ‘tools’ Successful programming systems require at least three ‘tools’ Compiler Compiler Cg, HLSL, GLSL, RTSL, Brook… Cg, HLSL, GLSL, RTSL, Brook… Debugger Debugger Profiler Profiler

3 Ideal Fragment Program Debugger Automate ‘printf’ debugging Automate ‘printf’ debugging

4 ‘printf’ Debugging MOV suspect register to output MOV suspect register to output Comment out anything else writing to output Comment out anything else writing to output Scale and bias as needed Scale and bias as needed Recompile Recompile Display/readback frame buffer Display/readback frame buffer Check values Check values Repeat until error is (hopefully) found Repeat until error is (hopefully) found

5 ‘printf’ Debugging Examples

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9 Ideal Fragment Program Debugger Automate ‘printf’ debugging Automate ‘printf’ debugging Intuitive and easy to use interface Intuitive and easy to use interface Features over performance Features over performance Debuggers don’t need to be fast Debuggers don’t need to be fast Should still be interactive Should still be interactive Easy to add to existing apps Easy to add to existing apps And remove And remove Touch as little GPU state as possible Touch as little GPU state as possible Report actual hardware values Report actual hardware values No software simulations! No software simulations!

10 Debugger Features Per-pixel register watch Per-pixel register watch Including interpolants, outputs, etc. Including interpolants, outputs, etc. Breakpoints Breakpoints Fragment program interpreter Fragment program interpreter Single step forwards or backwards Single step forwards or backwards Execute modified code on the fly Execute modified code on the fly And save it And save it

11 Debugger Features - Visualization Display register value at each pixel Display register value at each pixel Color channel masking Color channel masking Arbitrary code for visualization Arbitrary code for visualization Allows scale and bias of values Allows scale and bias of values Multiple visualization windows Multiple visualization windows Visualize each source register and result Visualize each source register and result MUL R2, R1, R0; MUL R2, R1, R0; =x

12 Debugging Options Today Graphic Remedy gDebugger Graphic Remedy gDebugger GLIntercept - [D. Trebilco] GLIntercept - [D. Trebilco] Microsoft Shader Debugger Tool Microsoft Shader Debugger Tool Apple OpenGL Shader Builder Apple OpenGL Shader Builder Imdebug – The Image Debugger [B. Baxter] Imdebug – The Image Debugger [B. Baxter] Shadesmith – [T. Purcell, P. Sen] Shadesmith – [T. Purcell, P. Sen] Relational Debugging Engine [Duca et al. 2005] Relational Debugging Engine [Duca et al. 2005]

13 GPU Vendor Debugging Options ATI RenderMonkey ATI RenderMonkey Nvidia FXComposer Nvidia FXComposer Won’t talk about these today Won’t talk about these today

14 Graphic Remedy gDebugger Pros Pros Breakpoints, stepping Breakpoints, stepping Watch windows Watch windows Performance analysis Performance analysis OpenGL 2.0 OpenGL 2.0 Cons Cons OpenGL only OpenGL only Currently no program debugging Currently no program debugging

15 gDebugger

16 GLIntercept Pros Pros Track all OpenGL state Track all OpenGL state Runtime shader edit and recompile Runtime shader edit and recompile Resource tracking and management Resource tracking and management Cons Cons OpenGL only OpenGL only No shader debugging No shader debugging No direct support for visualizations No direct support for visualizations

17 GLIntercept

18 Microsoft Shader Debugger Tool Pros Pros Direct3D debugging integrated into Visual Studio IDE Direct3D debugging integrated into Visual Studio IDE Full featured Full featured Assembly and high level debugging Assembly and high level debugging Vertex and fragment programs Vertex and fragment programs Watches, breakpoints, etc. Watches, breakpoints, etc. Cons Cons Only works with software rasterizer Only works with software rasterizer Slow and painful Slow and painful D3D only D3D only Shader changes require recompilation Shader changes require recompilation us/directx9_c/directx/graphics/Tools/ShaderDebugger.asp us/directx9_c/directx/graphics/Tools/ShaderDebugger.asp

19 Apple OpenGL Shader Builder Pros Pros Integrated development environment Integrated development environment Handy reference guide, resource manager Handy reference guide, resource manager Texture editor Texture editor On the fly edit and display of shader changes On the fly edit and display of shader changes Cons Cons Canned geometry Canned geometry Basically a shader tool (in the traditional sense) Basically a shader tool (in the traditional sense) –not GPGPU debugger ARB vertex/fragment programs only ARB vertex/fragment programs only No vendor specific GL extensions support? No vendor specific GL extensions support?

20 imdebug Printf-style debugger Printf-style debugger imdebug("rgb w=%d h=%d %p", 16, 17, testRGB); imdebug("rgb w=%d h=%d %p", 16, 17, testRGB); Readback memory (texture/frame buffer) and display in image window Readback memory (texture/frame buffer) and display in image window

21 imdebug

22 imdebug Pros Pros Simple addition of single printf-style statement to programs Simple addition of single printf-style statement to programs Displays hardware computed values – not software generated values Displays hardware computed values – not software generated values Scale and bias Scale and bias Source available for download Source available for download Cons Cons Can’t breakpoint shaders Can’t breakpoint shaders Can only watch what shader outputs Can only watch what shader outputs

23 Shadesmith Debugger in the spirit of imdebug Debugger in the spirit of imdebug Simply add a debug statement when binding shaders Simply add a debug statement when binding shaders Display window with scale, bias, component masking Display window with scale, bias, component masking Advanced features Advanced features Can watch any shader register contents without recompile Can watch any shader register contents without recompile Shader single stepping (forward and backward), breakpointing Shader single stepping (forward and backward), breakpointing Shader source edit and reload without recompile Shader source edit and reload without recompile

24 Shadesmith Implementation Insight Only one register modified per instruction Only one register modified per instruction Ignore CC for now Ignore CC for now Decompose fragment program into several smaller programs Decompose fragment program into several smaller programs One program per assembly instruction One program per assembly instruction Save register state on host Save register state on host Iterative deepening decomposition Iterative deepening decomposition

25 Iterative Deepening... ADD R0, R1, f[WPOS]; MAD R1, R0, R2, R3; TEX R2, R1, TEX0, RECT;...

26 Iterative Deepening... ADD R0, R1, f[WPOS]; MAD R1, R0, R2, R3; MOV o[COLR], R1; END... ADD R0, R1, f[WPOS]; MAD R1, R0, R2, R3; TEX R2, R1, TEX0, RECT;...

27 Iterative Deepening... ADD R0, R1, f[WPOS]; MAD R1, R0, R2, R3; TEX R2, R1, TEX0, RECT; MOV o[COLR], R2; END Later code more expensive than early code... ADD R0, R1, f[WPOS]; MAD R1, R0, R2, R3; TEX R2, R1, TEX0, RECT;...

28 Basic Shadesmith Flow Decompose program into smaller programs Decompose program into smaller programs Use iterative deepening approach Use iterative deepening approach Run programs required to determine watch values Run programs required to determine watch values One program per value watched One program per value watched Readback modified register to host Readback modified register to host Via glReadPixels() Via glReadPixels() Display register values per pixel Display register values per pixel Visualization windows Visualization windows Per-pixel values on mouseover Per-pixel values on mouseover

29 Relational Debugging Engine Build database of GPU state Build database of GPU state Including pipeline state, shader state Including pipeline state, shader state SQL-like queries generate visualizations SQL-like queries generate visualizations Including vertex programs Including vertex programs Raw text output available as well Raw text output available as well Built on top of Chromium Built on top of Chromium Can debug any OpenGL application without recompilation Can debug any OpenGL application without recompilation Current system assumes Cg shaders Current system assumes Cg shaders Approach is applicable to other GPU languages Approach is applicable to other GPU languages

30 Relational Debugging Engine

31 Sketch Thursday 1:45-3:30 Room 515A Sketch Thursday 1:45-3:30 Room 515A


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