2Topics PART I Introduction Vocabulary Idioms Do’s and Don’ts Organizing a LetterFormal versus Informal WordsWriting a Letter to city councilPart IITipsWrite an to a clientSalutationOpeningBodyClosingLinking WordsReviewPart IIIFrequently Confused WordsAttachmentsInternal MessagesFormal
3Introduction New forms of Communication = New styles of writing. #TwitterInstagramSMSInteresting FactsIn 2009, was the most common Hotmail password.How do you spell , , , , or ? It seems, the correct answer is .In Dutch, symbol is called apestaart, which means monkey’s tail and in Italian it’s chiocciolina, which means small snail.Learning Objectives:To write professional correspondence in English.To distinguish between formal and informal language.To identify the various parts in the body of an .
4Vocabulary Concerning Regarding, with regards to… Reference, with reference to…AppreciateArrangementsAttentionRegretInconvenienceComplaintApologizeDetails
5Do’s and Don’tsSubject: Hello! Hi Jack!!! My name’s Jaana and I’M FROM FINLAND!!! I bet you haven’t had students from here B4 ;-) ;-) That’s probably coz we’re so amazing at languages, that we don’t need any xtra help?except me – I need all the help I can get!! FYI: the problem really started when I was in primary school, and my parents, who had been arguing non-stop since I was a little baby, got divorced and decided that I should be adopted as they couldn’t decide who should have custody of me. If I had been in their situation, I think I probably wouldn’t have known either!! Anyway, this was all a bit traumatic, so all my school subjects suffered, especially English. HAHAHAAA ONLY JOKING!!!! :-) (Actually, don’t tell anyone, but I’m actually quite a good student? but if anyone found out, my reputation would be ruined, so shhhhhh!) BTW do u do courses for uni students? How many lessons/week? Is there any extra stuff after school, SO I CAN MEET SOME COOL PEOPLE? How about trips? Give me all the info you can, man. Jaana (although all my mates call me Jakki!!)
6Do’s and Don’tsDear Mr. Jones, I am a university student from Finland. I would like some information about the language courses you are offering this summer. I have the following questions: 1. Do you offer a course for university students, which helps them with their essay writing skills? 2. How many hours a week are the courses? 3. What sort of accommodation do you offer? 4. What after-school activities are there? 5. Do you do any trips to other towns in the UK? I am hoping to arrive in Finland by June. I would greatly appreciate it if you can get back to me as soon as possible. I can be reached by phone at ____ or by at _____. Best regards, Jaana Nikkinen
7Do’s If you want action, then give a deadline. E.g., I would appreciate it if you could please get back to me by September 1, 2014.Write action required in the subject.Use an informative subject line, which says what the is about.Write the most important information first.Use numbers and bullet points to make the message clearer.Use simple grammar. Avoid things like the passive. (As s are a fast means of communication, they tend to be less wordy and complex than formal letters.)Write short sentences.Use paragraphs to keep the clear and easy to understandDate and Time: use full month, not abbreviation. Eg., September, not Sept.
8Don’ts Write ‘hello’ as your subject line. Use capital letters to write whole words as in s, this is considered shouting.Use different fonts in the (the recipient’s computer may not be compatible)Use Italics (the reason may be misunderstood, due to cultural differences).Use exclamation marks.Use abbreviations like coz and uni, as the recipient may not understand them.Use acronyms like BTW for the same reason.Use smileys. They may be misunderstood and come across as unprofessional. Complete handout 2, Formal vs Informal, underlining the correct term.
9Organizing a letterWhat are the different components found in a letter?Address BlocGreetingsOpeningBodyClosingSalutationName at the end
10Organizing a letter Address - To: Date Spacing = 3 lines Address - From:Spacing = 3 linesGreetingsOpening LineBodyClosing LineClosing GreetingSignature
11Organizing a letter Use last name only. Example: Salutation Dear Prof. Smith/ Dr Smith/ Mr Smith/ Ms SmithAddress blockUse both first and last nameExample:Mr Tom Tobiason and Ms Heidi MooreMicrosoft Corporation10 Eddystone CtRedwood CityCA 94065USAJuly 28, 2014
12Formal vs. Informal Handout 3 Formal vs. Informal Sort the greetings under the correct headings: formal, standard, informal.Opening Greeting:Dear Sir or MadamDear Prof. Smith/ Dr Smith/ Mr Smith/ Ms SmithDear allHi everyoneDear Steve/ Hi SteveSteve Hi(nothing)To SteveDear Mr SteveDear you allTo whom it may concern:To: The marketing team
13Formal vs. InformalSort the opening line under the correct headings: formal, standard, informal.About…How’s it going?/ How are things?/ How’s life?I am writing to you concerning/ with regards to/ regarding/ in connection with/ in order to…Thank you for your interest in our company.I hope you are well.I am writing to you about/ to…Re:Thanks for your yesterday.Thanks for your quick reply./ Thanks for getting back to me so quickly.Thanks for your quick replying.I write to you about…
14Formal vs. InformalSort the closing line under the correct headings: formal, standard, informal.I look forward to seeing you soon.If you need any more questions, just let me know.I look forward to hearing from you soon.Thank you for your cooperation.If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.Thanks in advance./ Thanks.If you need any more information, please let me know.Thanks again.If you need any more info, just drop me a line.Looking forward to hearing from you.Please get back to me asap.See you then.
15Formal vs. InformalSort the closing greeting under the correct headings: formal, standard, informal.See you/ CUCheersYours/ All the best/ Best regards/ Best wishesYours sincerely/ Yours faithfully/ Sincerely yours
16Formal vs. InformalSort the name at the end under the correct headings: formal, standard, informal.A(nothing)A. M. Case (Mr)AlexAlex Case
17Write a letter to city council Handout 4 Write a Letter to City CouncilMatch the formal words to its informal meaning.Remove the words that are not relevant.Fill in the blanks to write your letter.Put the letter in the correct order and fix any mistakes.
18tipsThere is no need to repeat your contact information each time you send a message to the same person.While with letters you may wish to begin with “Thank you for your letter of 12 June…” In s you do not need to do this. It is still nice to begin by thanking them for something if you can. However, “Thanks for your ” may be seen as a waste of time.Use linking words, such as sequencing, eg., firstly, secondly, lastly. Or, number your action items.The word ‘that’ is the most boring word in the English language and in most instances, you can do completely without it.Eg., I think that EPAM is a great place to work. I think EPAM is a great place to work.
19Write an email to a client You have been asked to start work on a new project. Your client is Tommy Hilfiger in the US. Write a briefThanking them for choosing EPAM;Introducing yourself to their company;Explaining your role on the project;Providing your contact details for any follow up. Turn to Handout 5, the template
20Sample letter 11 June 2007 Mr Tom Tobiason and Ms Heidi Moore 10 Eddystone CtRedwood CityCAUSADear Mr Tobiason and Ms MooreThank you very much for taking the time to complete the Guest Comment Card during your recent stay with us.I am delighted that you enjoyed your visit and very pleased with the high rating of our services and facilities.Once again, thank you for your valuable feedback and for choosing Four Seasons. We look forward to welcomingyou back soon.
21greetings Do not use ‘Dear Mrs.’ Use: Dear Ms. Sajan:, Dear Mr. Smith: Do not use “Dear Full Name”When writing less formally to a friend or a colleague always first nameExample: Dear Slavik,When writing formally, if you don’t know the person’s name, use “Dear Sir or Madam”When writing to several people, you may use: “Dear All” or “Dear Colleagues”
22Opening lineState your reason for writing:- I am writing regarding…- I am writing in response to ….- I am writing to you about …- I am writing to complain / protest about …- I am sorry to have to inform you that…Remind the reader of the first contact or previous meeting:- It was good to meet you at the seminal in Paris- We spoke at the recent conference.- In reply to your request I can confirm that…- Thank you for sending me you catalogue…- Thank you for your interest in our products/company- Thank you for your of the (date)- Further to our phone call (if you have spoken to the person on the phone)- Following our (telephone)conversation on(date)
23body Tips: Must be clear and concise, be specific and to the point Should consist of: Opening, Details, Action, ClosingParagraphs should be short, no more than 5 lines
24body Forwarding information: I’m forwarding to you/ I’ve forwarded to you:I’m forwarding Bill’s to you.I’ve forwarded the report to you, please have a look.Request of action:Could you please call me later today?Please reply as soon as possible.Please review the website and send me your feedback by Friday, September 1, 2014.I look forward to receiving your comments by Friday, September 1, 2014.Could you possibly…Do you think you could…I would be grateful if you could…
25body Asking Questions Could you tell me… Could you let me know… Could you tell me when you will arrive…NOT: “…when will you arrive?”Could you let me know…I would like to know what the part costs.NOT: “…what does the part cost?”I am writing to ask…
26body Enquiry In particular, I would like to know... I visited your stand at… and was impressed by…Reply to enquiryCan I draw your attention to?I would welcome the opportunity to discuss your needs in more detail.Thank you for your of 12 February enquiring about…
27body Good news: I am pleased to say that we… I am happy to say that we…I am pleased to inform you that we have…Bad news:I am afraid the…I am sorry to say the…I am sorry to inform you that…Unfortunately, at the moment…I am afraid it is not possible…at the moment.
28body Complaints: There seems to be a problem with the… There may be a misunderstanding about…Tip: Suggest a solution if you can.Response to complaint:I am very sorry to hear that…I would like to apologize for…I was very concerned to learn about.Thank you very much for bringing this matter to my attention.Closing line in case of complaint: Sorry again for the inconvenience.
29Closing lineIf you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions or concerns.I look forward to hearing from you.I look forward to meeting you in person.
30Closing greeting Yours, All the best, Best regards, Yours sincerely, Yours faithfully,Sincerely yours,
31Linking words Linking words and phrases join one idea to another. They help the reader understand the structure of your argument. There are two types:Words in the middle of a sentence that join two clauses: and, but, because, so etc.Words/phrases at the beginning of a sentence: However, Therefore, In general, In addition, In relation to, etc. These are often followed by a comma.Use them sparingly as they can make your too wordy.
32Linking words However, First of all…secondly…finally Furthermore, The greatest advantage/disadvantage of..In my opinion/view,According to…On the whole,Due to…As a result,At any rate,Under the circumstances…Needles to say,In fact,At first sight,Many people are in favour of/against…While…For instance,In practice,As a rule,To some extent,…As far as I know,In other words,
33SampleTo Anthony Sapp From Bakhoum Omar Subject Re: new hotel in Luxor _____________________________________________________________________________ Dear Anthony, Thank you your about opening a new hotel in Egypt. In fact, we had a meeting about this yesterday, and we made some important decisions. Needless to say, we think that opening a hotel in Luxor is an excellent idea. According to Ibrahim, many of our guests spend part of their holiday in our Cairo hotel and then continue to Luxor, where they change hotels. As a result, if we opened a hotel there, we would already have enough customers to make a profit. At any rate, I completely agree with him. In my opinion, the most important thing now is to discuss the financial plan. Perhaps we could arrange a meeting to discuss the proposal in more detail? Best regards, Omar Bakhoum Egypt Manager Roses Hotels
35Frequently confused words Accept/exceptAdvice/adviseAffect/effectBare/bearBrake/breakComplement/complimentEnsure/insureFarther/furtherHole/wholeLoose/loseMaybe/may bePrecede/proceedSale/sailThan/then
36Attachments How to refer to attachments? Attached, you will find…. I am sending you a survey to complete, attached.In the attached document, you will find…Please find attached my resume.Please find attached the invoice.I have attached a copy of…The report is attached. Complete handout 7 on referring to attachments.
37Internal messages Remind Request Be helpful Thank Give news Just a quick to note to remind you that…RequestI would appreciate your help with this.Can I ask you to…?I would be grateful if you could…Be helpfulHere’s the…you wanted. I have attached…I will get onto it right away.Do you want me to?/Shall I…ThankWell done! You have done a great job.I would like to thank you very much for…Give newsI am sure you will be pleased to hear that…Unfortunately,…Would all staff please note that…Friendly closePlease get back to me if you need any more information.Let me know if there’s anything else I can do.Thank you again for all your help. I really appreciate it.
38Internal Messages Complete Handout 8, Internal Messages Write an to your line manager about a training course you would like to go on.Ideas:- what the course will teach you;- why you would like to go;- how you and the organization will benefit;- basic information like the cost and dates;- whether you want the company to pay all or just a part of the cost etc.Source:
39FormalWrite to a customer to tell them that the product/service they want is not available at the moment.Prepare the situation using the questions below. The information can be real or imaginary.• What is your company’s business? What products/services do you offer?• What is the particular product/service that you normally offer, but is not available at the moment?• Why?• When is it going to be available again?• Who is the customer that you are writing to? Why do they need your product/service?• Are you going to promise any action, give additional information, offer help, or simply say that you will tell them when the product/service is available again?
40Sample To Pekka Halonen From Jason Fleet Subject Your order (WDIYA120006)______________________________________________________________________________Dear Pekka HalonenThank you for your , which I received this morning (28 January). I am very sorry that you have not yet received your order of 100 steel doors (code: ), which you placed with us last week.According to my information, the order was dispatched on 26 January. It was delayed because there was a problem with the ship transporting the goods. I am extremely sorry that you were not informed about this earlier. I received the news by , but I have been away from the office over the last week. I am very pleased to say that your order is now on its way and it will be with you very soon.Please accept my apologies once again.Yours sincerelyJason Fleet