2 What is correct?I am staying / stay at the Imperial Hotel till they get my flat ready.The River Amazon flows / is flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.
3 Buying a house nowadays becomes / is becoming more and more expensive all the time. We haven’t decided yet, but we think / are thinking of moving house.Whether we play on Saturday is depending / depends on the weather.
4 Correct answersI am staying / stay at the Imperial Hotel till they get my flat ready.The River Amazon flows / is flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.Buying a house nowadays becomes / is becoming more and more expensive all the time.We haven’t decided yet, but we think / are thinking of moving house.Whether we play on Saturday is depending / depends on the weather.
5 The Present Simple Tense - Forms I work …He works …Do I work … ?Does he work … ?I don’t work …He doesn’t work …I watch …He watches …Do I watch … ?Does he watch … ?I don’t watch …He doesn’t watch …
6 3rd person singular - spelling -s / -esInfinitive + s: gets, works, livesss, sh, ch, x, o + es: passes, watches, goesVowel + y + s: stays, plays, paysConsonant + y i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify - terrifies
7 What’s the 3rd person singular? weighpushsneezeglorifyannoykissdenymarryweighspushessneezesglorifiesannoyskissesdeniesmarries
8 The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptionsThe light from the Sun takes 8 mins 20 secs to reach the Earth.The River Po flows into the Adriatic Sea.Matter consists of small particles.
9 The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: Habitual actions. A frequency adverb is often used.I usually take bus to work.I use my mobile phone every day.Permanent situations.I live in a flat.She works for an insurance company.
10 The Present Simple Tense is used for: Plot summaries (films, books), sports commentaries and historical tables.Our hero goes off to search for the treasure, which he eventually finds after many adventures.Zigic passes to Kezman… and Kezman scores!1789. The French Revolution begins.
11 The Present Simple Tense is used for: Timetables / programmes (future meaning)The match finishes at 8.45.The plane leaves at 9.15.
12 Write 8 sentences in Present Simple using the following verbs: weighpushsneezetrybuykissdenymarry
13 Mini-contexts a) Complete the dialogue. John: _________ usually ___ at Christmas?Dave: I normally go to my parents’ house.Is Dave talking aboutone specific Christmas?Christmas holiday in general?
14 b) Complete the dialogue. a) Which machine are they talking about? b) Complete the dialogue.Alan: _______________________Jill: Well, you press the eject button and then you put the tape in. Then you press the start and record button at the same time.How do I/you use/record with this …?The cassette recorder or the camcorder.How do I/you use/record with this …?
15 What is the missing word? A: Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me. I want to go to Brighton on Saturday and I want to arrive about midday.B: About midday? There’s a slow train that _____ at It gets in atleaves / departsLeaves / departs
16 Put the words in the correct order. travels about , Theat an Earth km hourThe Earth travels at about 107,000 km an hour.Permanent.
17 Does this suggest a temporary or a permanent address? THE AUTHOR: Josceline lives in London with her husband, journalist and broadcaster David Dimbleby, and their three children.
18 b) Who is he/she speaking to? c) Why is he/she speaking? … Manchester City once more. Baker plays it up the line for Tolmey. Tolmey fires a shot but it’s deflected. Keagan tries to pass it out to Beardsley but doesn’t succeed…a) Who is speaking?b) Who is he/she speaking to?c) Why is he/she speaking?Sports commentatorThe radio/television audienceHe/She is describing the action on the football field for the viewers/listeners.
19 b) What are the underlined tenses? The GuardianAustralia mournsAustralia is holding a weekend of national mourning for the 70 victims of the bush fires. An appeal has been launched for 8,000 others left homeless. Page 6.a) What is The Guardian?b) What are the underlined tenses?c) They refer to the same event; why are two tenses used?a) A newspaper
20 Two boys die on mountain By a Staff ReporterTwo boys believed to be from London died and seven others were injured in the Snowdonia mountain range yesterday. The boys were roped together when one fell …d) What are the underlined tenses?e) They refer to the same event; why are two tenses used?It is a convention in newspaper headlines to use the present simple for current events / recent past events.This is space-saving and dramatic.
21 Dave: Peter tells me you start your holidays on Saturday. John: That’s right. We’re going to Venicefor a week.Does the verb tells refer tothe time Dave is speaking?the recent past?the distant past?b) Is the trip already booked?The recent pastYes, the trip is already booked.
22 Rose: Don’t forget to send me a postcard when you get there. Andy: No, of course not. I’ll send you acard of the Eiffel Tower as soonas I arrive.Do the underlinedparts refer to thepresent orthe future?a) The future.
23 c) What tenses can we use here? b) Complete the missing letters of other conjunctions which we can use here.c) What tenses can we use here? I’ll send you a postcardas soon aswh_ _af _ _ _onc _the mom _ _ __ _ _ minutethe sec _ _ _I arrive.b) when, after, once, the moment, the minute, the secondc) Future simple, future continuous, going topresent simple, present perfect simple
24 Amy: John, have you heard the one about the swimming pool? John: No. Amy: Well, there’s this man in a swimming pool and he goes to the top of the diving board and he’s just about to dive off when an attendant comes rushing along and says, ‘There’s no water in the pool.’ ‘That’s alright,’ says the man. ‘I can’t swim anyway!’What does ‘the one’ refer to?Are there any past tenses in the story? If so, what are they? If not, why not?The joke.No (there are no past tenses because the joke was fictional and never happened).
25 The Present Continuous Tense am‘mstandingYouWeTheyare‘reHeSheItis‘s
26 The Present Continuous Tense am not‘m notstandingYouWeTheyare notaren’tHeSheItis notisn’tAmIstanding ?AreyouwetheyIshesheit
27 VERB + ing listen + ing = listening die (-iey) + ing = dying write + ing = writinghop + p + ing = hoppingtravel + l + ing = travelling
28 Make –ing forms of each verb given. beginrublistenlieswimstudyhappengetuseadmittrydecidecomeput
30 The Present Continuous Tense is used for Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking.I’m doing the washing up.Just now I’m waiting to do my military service.She is working very hard nowadays.
31 The Present Continuous Tense is used for Temporary situations.At the moment we’re sending all the mail by courier, because the Post Office is on strike.I’m staying with a friend at the moment.
32 The Present Continuous Tense is used for Annoying habits. A frequency adverb is necessary (always).You are always borrowing money from me!He is always complaining that waiters are rude.
33 The Present Continuous Tense is used for A repeated temporary event. A time expression is necessary.Whenever I see Tom he’s smoking.You’re making the same mistake again!
34 The Present Continuous Tense is used for Changing or developing situations.His English is getting better.It’s getting colder.Fixed arrangements in the near future.They are getting married next week.
35 Choose the most suitable tense What sort of work do you do / are you doing?I can’t talk now. I cook / I’m cooking the dinner.What shall we have? Do you like / Are you liking fish?Can I borrow this tape recorder? Or do you use / are you using it?
36 Answers What sort of work do you do ? I can’t talk now. I’m cooking the dinner.What shall we have? Do you like fish?Can I borrow this tape recorder? Or are you using it?
37 What do the people here do / are the people here doing in the evenings? Follow that bus. Then you turn / you are turning left.A lot of people think that the Sun goes / is going around the Earth.Excuse me, do you read / are you reading your newspaper? Can I borrow it?
38 AnswersWhat do the people here do in the evenings?Follow that bus. Then you turn left.A lot of people think that the Sun goes around the Earth.Excuse me, are you reading your newspaper? Can I borrow it?
39 Do you wait / Are you waiting for the bus to Newcastle? Andy builds / is building his own house in the country.I’m sleeping / sleep on Nigel’s sofa until I find a place of my own.I’m only working / only work there for a couple of months because I’m going abroad in the summer.You make / are making goulash using meat, vegetables and paprika.
40 Are you waiting for the bus to Newcastle? AnswersAre you waiting for the bus to Newcastle?Andy is building his own house in the country.I’m sleeping on Nigel’s sofa until I find a place of my own.I’m only working there for a couple of months because I’m going abroad in the summer.You make goulash using meat, vegetables and paprika.
41 Stative or ‘State’ Verbs Verbs describing a permanent state do not normally have continuous forms.Verbs of the senses: see, hear, smell, feel, taste …Verbs of opinion: agree, believe, consider…
42 Verbs of emotion: feel, forgive, hate, like, love… Other verbs: appear (=seem), be, belong, consist (of), contain, fit (=be the right shape and size for sth), have (=possess), know, look (=appear), need,prefer, require, want, weigh, wish…
43 We can use some stative verbs in the Present Continuous when they have different meanings.
44 They think it’s too expensive. (=opinion) She has a pet dog. (=she owns)They think it’s too expensive. (=opinion)I feel what we did was wrong. (=opinion)She is having a good time. (=actively involved in)They are thinking of buying a cheaper car. (=considering)I am feeling / feel sick. (= physical reaction)
45 This juice tastes good. (=senses) She appears to be very upset. (=appearance)He’s tasting the milk to see if it’s OK. (=checking the quality)Julia is appearing at the Odeon on Friday. (=performing)
46 I Iove holidays. (in general) I see what you mean. (=understand)I’m loving this holiday. (=I’m enjoying)You’re seeing things – there’s nobody outside. (=imagining)
47 He comes from Spain. (=was born in) Your hair looks great. (=it appears)He’s coming from Spain. (=He’s travelling from)She’s looking at his photos. (=examining)
48 Complete the sentences using the Present Simple or the Present Continuous of the verbs in brackets.
49 My sister ___ (wait) patiently for her exam results. We __ (not travel) by train very often.
50 My sister is waiting patiently for her exam results. We don’t travel by train very often.
51 I __ (consider) accepting that job in Crete. The film __ (end) with a dramatic car chase.
52 I’m considering accepting that job in Crete. The film ends with a dramatic car chase.
53 I’m sorry, I __ (feel) too tired to go out this evening. I can’t answer the phone. I __ (have) a bath.
54 I’m sorry, I’m feeling / feel too tired to go out this evening. I can’t answer the phone. I’m having a bath.
55 __ you __ (see) much of your brother these days? We __ (rely) on you to bring the keys with you.
56 Do you see much of your brother these days? We are relying / rely on you to bring the keys with you.
57 I __ (wish) people didn’t smoke in restaurants. Who __ you __ (think) you are, speaking to me like that!
58 I wish people didn’t smoke in restaurants. Who do you think you are, speaking to me like that!
59 Naughts and crosses Tic-tac-toe PLANSMELLHATEHOPETHINKGROWBELOOKSEE