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THE UNITED STATES AND THE CHEROKEE NATION (1763-1839)

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Presentation on theme: "THE UNITED STATES AND THE CHEROKEE NATION (1763-1839)"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE UNITED STATES AND THE CHEROKEE NATION ( )

2 GEOGRAPHIC ORIENTATION OF THE CHEROKEE TO 1830  The Southeastern part of the United States was the traditional Cherokee homeland.  It encompassed parts of the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee and Alabama.  The so-called "Five Civilized Tribes" who lived in this area were:  Choctaw  Chickasaw  Seminole  Creek  Cherokee Nations.

3 ABORIGINAL SOVEREIGNTY  Sovereignty is the supreme, absolute and inherent power by which any independent state is governed.  Traditional Aboriginal perspective on sovereignty:  sovereignty originates from The Creator;  it flows through to the land of North America; and then,  flows from the land to the Indian peoples, cultures and Nations.  Cherokee Nation was comprised of sophisticated political, economic, social, educational and cultural institutions.

4 SOVEREIGNTY CONTINUED…  Aboriginal sovereignty as perceived by the Indian peoples of North America quite differently than the way European cultures perceived it.  The British Royal Proclamation in 1763 confirmed Aboriginal sovereignty. British recognition of the land rights of the Aboriginal Peoples angered American colonists.  American colonists who wished to move westward did not wish to recognize that someone owned the frontier lands

5 POLICIES OF THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT  Following its independence from Britain, the American government repudiated British policies including the Royal Proclamation of  There was a growing movement by the southeastern states to forcibly remove the Indian Nations to frontier areas.

6 BRITISH ROYAL PROCLAMATION IN 1763  The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire.  They wanted to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.  The Royal Proclamation continues to be of legal importance to First Nations in Canada and is significant for the variation of indigenous status in the United States.

7  The Cherokee peoples had taken a number of significant steps to establish their nationhood:  they actively created and maintained a system of roads, schools, and churches within their homeland.  Laws were passed by the Georgia Legislature (1829) to effectively deprive Indian citizens of their rights.  The United States' Supreme Court ruled in support of the Cherokee Nation but President Jackson refused to enforce the Supreme Court decision.  The U.S. Federal Government created the right for itself to quarantine Indian people so they could "civilize" them.  The Cherokee Nation was forcibly "removed" from their homeland during the years

8 THE TRAIL OF TEARS ( )  The forced relocation and movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of  The removal included many members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations.

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