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Dr. Sherif Hashem Information Society Development Office (ISDO), Director Empowering E-Business in Egypt: Facing the Challenges!

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Sherif Hashem Information Society Development Office (ISDO), Director Empowering E-Business in Egypt: Facing the Challenges!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Sherif Hashem Information Society Development Office (ISDO), Director Empowering E-Business in Egypt: Facing the Challenges!

2  The Digital Divide  CIT in Egypt  E-commerce in Egypt  Cyber Laws  The Road Ahead Outline

3 The Digital Divide

4 “The Digital Divide is the socio-economic gap between industrialized & lesser developed communities due to the rapid and efficient deployment of digital technologies” The Digital Divide

5 Source: ITU (internet host data: Network Wizards, Ripe 2000 Number of Fixed Lines Worldwide by Region

6 Source: ITU (internet host data: Network Wizards, Ripe 2000 Worldwide Internet Users by Region

7 Source: Forrester Report 2001 Projection of E-Business Worldwide by 2004

8 The Digital Divide

9 CIT In Egypt

10  1.2M users (estimated) compared to 544M WW (NUA Survey – Feb`02)  Most access is in the capital & major cities  Internet utilization rate of 1 in 57 compared to a WW rate of 1 in 11  60+ ISPs  Cost: FREE Internet in 15 Governorates, the rest will be covered by the end of 2002 Internet Access in Egypt

11  Local content  Culture  Language  Human Resources/skills  Awareness/understanding  Local business models  Infrastructure  Access to computers  Access to the Internet  Access to software  Access to technical expertise Some Key CIT Challenges

12  CIT Industry Development  Human Resource Development  Communication Infrastructure Development  Information Infrastructure Development National CIT Plan (Dec 1999)

13  Community awareness.  Education.  Development of CIT professionals  Infrastructure development.  Regulatory framework. National CIT Plan: Mission and Objectives

14 A Model For Bridging the Digital Divide

15 Government subsidized Internet Cafés  Created in youth centers, public libraries, schools and NGOs.  Focusing on deprived and low income communities. Awareness To date, there are 350 clubs nation wide Access Affordability IT Clubs

16 96 hours – 6 weeks – hands-on training More than 60,000 graduates  Internet  Presentation Skills  Language Skills  Word Processing  Data Entry  Spread Sheets Awareness Access Affordability Basic IT Training Program

17 Certified professional training by major technology providers including: Cisco, Microsoft, Lucent, Nortel, Qualcomm, Ericsson, IBM and Oracle. Awareness Access Affordability More than 8,550 graduates Professional Development Program

18 Deregulation  Private sector participation.  Alliances.  Investment opportunities. Diversification of services Competitive environment Access Affordability Expanding the Network

19  E-government program & projects.  E-commerce and e-payment projects.  Community telecenters project.  Telemedicine projects.  Affordable PCs project.  Incubators project.  Cultural documentation & dissemination projects. Stimulating the Information Society

20  Fixed Lines: 9.3M lines up from 6.4M lines, and 7.3M subscribers up from 4.9M subscribers.  Mobile phones: 3.9M subscribers up from 655K subscribers   Public pay phones: 42K pay phones up from 13K public pay phones. * Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999 Facing the Challenges: Telephony*

21  International links: 500 MB/Sec up from 20MB/Sec.  Users: Over 1.2M users up from 300K users.  Access cost: Access is almost Free (in 15 Governorates) compared to US $20/month.  Access Points: Over 350 IT clubs and community telecenters. * Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999 Facing the Challenges: Internet Access*

22  Basic CIT Skills: Over 60K trained.  Professional Training: Over 8500 highly skilled professionals.  National Telecommunication Institute.  Technological University. * Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999 Facing the Challenges: Skills Development*

23  ICT Companies: 722 companies up from 266 companies.  ICT Professionals: Over 25K highly skilled professionals up from 10K professionals.  Smart Villages.  ICT Incubators.  ICT Industry Development Organization. * Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999 Facing the Challenges: Industry Development *

24 E-Commerce in Egypt

25  Oct’97ISE-Ecommerce Committee formed  Aug’981 st meeting of the National E-commerce Committee  Sep’981 st National Seminar on Ecommerce  Sep’99Ecommerce initiative declared  Oct’99Ecommerce in the National CIT Plan  Cyber laws (e-signature, e-payment,..); Government Pilots; Private Portals E-commerce in Egypt

26  Legislation (cyber laws):  Electronic Signature & Electronic Contracting  Customs & Taxes  Jurisdiction  Encryption, IPR, privacy, security, consumer protection, domain names, trade marks, etc.  Regulation (Certificate Authorities, etc.)  Banking infrastructure (e-payment)  E-Insurance (financial, commerce, etc.)  E-Education & E-Knowledge Some Key Issues

27  Who is responsible for E-commerce?  How can government empower the use of E-commerce?  How can SMEs understand the challenges and opportunities of E-commerce?  How to help create, empower, and support Egyptian E-business models?  Where do we go from here? Some Key Questions

28 Cyber Laws in Egypt

29  National Electronic Signature Committee (entities):  Ministry of Communications and Information Technology  Ministry of Justice  Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade  Ministry of Finance  Ministry of Foreign Affairs  Ministry of Interior  Ministry for Administrative Development  Central Bank of Egypt  Cabinet Information & Decision Support Center Drafting an E-Signature Act: The Process

30  National Electronic Signature Committee (legal and technology experts):  Governmental,  Private sector, and  Academic Drafting an E-Signature Act: The Process (Cont.)

31  Amending existing laws vs. creating a “new” law  Recognition of electronic/digital documents and signatures  Creation of a state organization for regulatory, licensing, and supervisory roles  General awareness and training programs  Protecting IPR and privacy Drafting an E-Signature Act: Key Issues

32  Recognizing electronic/digital signatures and document  Scope: Commercial, Administrative, Civil Sectors  Technology Independence  Establishing a regulatory body for Certificate Authority (CAs)  Recognizing “foreign” CAs E-Signature Act: The Main Points

33  National white paper on: The Egyptian information society  Four sub-committees:  Electronic contracting  E-payment  Customs and taxes  CyberCrime The Road Ahead

34 For More Information Visit Ministry of Communications and Information Technology or Thank You ……


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