10Internet Access in Egypt 1.2M users (estimated) compared to 544M WW (NUA Survey – Feb`02)Most access is in the capital & major citiesInternet utilization rate of 1 in 57compared to a WW rate of 1 in 1160+ ISPsCost: FREE Internet in 15 Governorates, the rest will be covered by the end of 2002
11Some Key CIT Challenges InfrastructureAccess to computersAccess to the InternetAccess to softwareAccess to technical expertiseLocal contentCultureLanguageHuman Resources/skillsAwareness/understandingLocal business models
12National CIT Plan (Dec 1999) CIT Industry DevelopmentHuman Resource DevelopmentCommunication Infrastructure DevelopmentInformation Infrastructure Development
13National CIT Plan: Mission and Objectives Community awareness.Education.Development of CIT professionalsInfrastructure development.Regulatory framework.
14From 2D to 3A Awareness Access Affordability A Model For Bridging the Digital DivideFrom2Dto3AAwarenessAccessAffordability
15To date, there are 350 clubs nation wide IT ClubsAwarenessAccessAffordabilityGovernment subsidized Internet CafésCreated in youth centers, public libraries,schools and NGOs.Focusing on deprived and low incomecommunities.To date, there are 350 clubs nation wide
1696 hours – 6 weeks – hands-on training Basic IT Training ProgramAwarenessAccessAffordabilityWord ProcessingData EntrySpread SheetsInternetPresentation SkillsLanguage Skills96 hours – 6 weeks – hands-on trainingMore than 60,000 graduates
17Professional Development Program Awareness Access AffordabilityCertified professional training by major technology providers including:Cisco, Microsoft, Lucent, Nortel,Qualcomm, Ericsson, IBM and Oracle.More than 8,550 graduates
18Diversification of services Expanding the NetworkAccess AffordabilityDeregulationPrivate sector participation.Alliances.Investment opportunities.Competitive environmentDiversification of services
19Stimulating the Information Society E-government program & projects.E-commerce and e-payment projects.Community telecenters project.Telemedicine projects.Affordable PCs project.Incubators project.Cultural documentation & dissemination projects.
20Facing the Challenges: Telephony* Fixed Lines: 9.3M lines up from 6.4M lines, and 7.3M subscribers up from 4.9M subscribers.Mobile phones: 3.9M subscribers up from 655K subscribers·Public pay phones: 42K pay phones up from 13K public pay phones.* Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999
21Facing the Challenges: Internet Access* International links: 500 MB/Sec up from 20MB/Sec.Users: Over 1.2M users up from 300K users.Access cost: Access is almost Free (in 15 Governorates) compared to US $20/month.Access Points: Over 350 IT clubs and community telecenters.* Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999
22Facing the Challenges: Skills Development* Basic CIT Skills: Over 60K trained.Professional Training: Over 8500 highly skilled professionals.National Telecommunication Institute.Technological University.* Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999
23Facing the Challenges: Industry Development* ICT Companies: 722 companies up from 266 companies.ICT Professionals: Over 25K highly skilled professionals up from 10K professionals.Smart Villages.ICT Incubators.ICT Industry Development Organization.* Current figures are compared with the situation when the national CIT was adopted late 1999
25E-commerce in Egypt Oct’97 ISE-Ecommerce Committee formed Aug’98 1st meeting of the National E-commerce CommitteeSep’98 1st National Seminar on EcommerceSep’99 Ecommerce initiative declaredOct’99 Ecommerce in the National CIT PlanCyber laws (e-signature, e-payment, ..);Government Pilots; Private Portals
27Some Key Questions Who is responsible for E-commerce? How can government empower the use of E-commerce?How can SMEs understand the challenges and opportunities of E-commerce?How to help create, empower, and support Egyptian E-business models?Where do we go from here?
29Drafting an E-Signature Act: The Process National Electronic Signature Committee (entities):Ministry of Communications and Information TechnologyMinistry of JusticeMinistry of Economy and Foreign TradeMinistry of FinanceMinistry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of InteriorMinistry for Administrative DevelopmentCentral Bank of EgyptCabinet Information & Decision Support Center
30Drafting an E-Signature Act: The Process (Cont.) National Electronic Signature Committee (legal and technology experts):Governmental,Private sector, andAcademic
31Drafting an E-Signature Act: Key Issues Amending existing laws vs. creating a “new” lawRecognition of electronic/digital documents and signaturesCreation of a state organization for regulatory, licensing, and supervisory rolesGeneral awareness and training programsProtecting IPR and privacy
32E-Signature Act: The Main Points Recognizing electronic/digital signatures and documentScope: Commercial, Administrative, Civil SectorsTechnology IndependenceEstablishing a regulatory body for Certificate Authority (CAs)Recognizing “foreign” CAs
33The Road Ahead National white paper on: The Egyptian information societyFour sub-committees:Electronic contractingE-paymentCustoms and taxesCyberCrime
34For More Information Visit Ministry of Communications and Information Technology orThank You ……