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The New Nation
Washington – the Father of our Country Presidents’ Day Precedents The Cabinet:
- Secretary of State: Jefferson – Foreign Policy - Secretary of Treasury: Hamilton – Money Matters
- Secretary of War: Knox – Army and Navy - Attorney General: Randolph – Legal Matters
Today: more members and additional functions Loose interpretation of the Constitution Organising the finances
Hamilton’s plan: - Establish the credit of the U.S. At home and in other countries - Encourage manufacturing - Provide a stable currency
Federal government would assume the debts from the Revolutionary War
Tariffs and taxes on imports and some agricultural products Special project – the National Bank
The anti-federalists feared that: - Control the money supply - Destroy state banks - Claim all surplus government funds Plan worked – investments, purchase of goods
Beginning of political parties Two-party system Federalists and Democratic- Republicans Republicans (Federalists) and Democrats
Foreign policy - Federalists and Democratic-Republicans agreed that the U.S. should remain neutral
Washington retired in 1796 Farewell Address “It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world, so far as we are now at liberty to do it
Policy of isolation for more than 100 years 1796 election: - Dem-Republicans – T. Jefferson - Federalists – John Adams Adams won by three votes
Adams as President Difficult because: - followed Washington - experienced but tactless, proud - Jefferson was Vice President - some members of his own party were plotting against him
Problem – Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality The British – seized merchants’ ships for men and goods A treaty was signed
The French seized American ships Adams negotiated with the French and British to keep out of conflict which at first was seen as something cowardly but later considered a big achievement
1st legislation to limit immigration in the U.S. – the Naturalization Act of 1798 (5 to 14 years) The Alien Acts – right to imprison immigrants who are considered dangerous to the U.S.
Force the immigrants to leave the country Keep poor or revolutionary immigrants from coming to the U.S. Never enforced strictly and allowed to expire in 1800
The Nation Grows Early 1800’s – vibrant, alive, secure Desire to expand
Northwest Territory Acquired at the end of the Revolutionary War Northwest Ordinance 6-mile-square townships – 36 sections One section – to provide money for public schools
The rest could be sold to settlers The ordinance: - established a structure for the government - provided a procedure for becoming a state
- Encouraged public schools - Prohibited slavery - Guaranteed civil liberties Successful Ohio (1803), Vermont (1791), Kentucky (1792), Tennessee (1796)
Into the “wilderness”in search of good farmland and a chance to succeed on their own Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin
Louisiana Purchase Port of New Orleans Transport on the river rather than on land 1802 – France had control of the area Jefferson negotiated with Napoleon to buy the city
$10 million for New Orleans and as much land as possible to the east but the whole Louisiana region was sold for only $15 million
The boundaries extended U.S. Territory to the west and to the north The size doubled overnight Rich farmland Removed the French gov from the North-American continent
France and Britain at War The wars in Europe – good for the Americans: - neutral status – benefited from free trade Blockades The British enlisted American soldiers by force
Jefferson prohibited American exports to other countries 1812 – James Madison – keep peace BUT the Congress – go to war against Britain and Spain
Deciding factors for Madison: - problems with trade - the British supported some Indian attacks on Americans in the west - desire to add Canada and Florida to the U.S.
Americans - not very successful but fought off the British and regained control of the Great Lakes
The Star-Spangled Banner Chesapeake Bay to Washington, D.C. Militia was overrun The Capitol and the White House were set on fire Baltimore – Francis Scott Key
The Treaty of Ghent – 1812 Pre-war situation restored Conflicts not resolved but no longer important as Europe was longer at war
Results of the war: - feeling of nationalism/pride - foreign policy of isolation - desire to settle the West - increase in industry and manufacturing - End of Federalist party
Good of the country The Protective Tariff of 1816 Protect the infant industries Changes in the transportation system
Florida Purchase 1812 – desire to acquire Florida Hide-out for pirates, smugglers, runaway slaves and hostile Seminole Indians 1818 Andrew Jackson John Quincy Adams – Onis Treaty
$5 million for Florida (1819) Europeans interested in the newly independent Latin- American countries The Holy Alliance – Austria, Prussia, France, Russia
The Monroe Doctrine (1823): - the Western Hemisphere closed to further colonization - the U.S. Would not interfere with the existing colonies/internal affairs of the European nations
European action in the Western Hemisphere would be considered a military threat and act A milestone - importance of the U.S. In world affairs
1820’s – loyalty to the state or region Nationalism to sectionalism 3 main areas: - Northeast- industrial, bankers - South – agricultural - West – independent farmers
Different feelings about different issues that led to the Civil War 1840’s – U.S. Should expand to the Pacific Ocean – destiny/fate Annexation of Texas, California, New Mexico, Oregon
Spanish rights in Texas recognized until the Mexicans took over Stephen Austin – the Texans War with Mexico
Creating A Nation Northwest Ordinance, Manifest Destiny, War of 1812, Monroe Doctrine, and the Industrial Revolution.
US unprepared for war. Failed invasion into Canada. Blockade hurt US economy…
America at 1800 Jefferson, Madison, and the War of 1812.
Early US Foreign Policy US History. Washington’s Presidency.
CH 6 Federalist and Democratic-Republicans Pg 210.
The Preamble!!!Congress!!! Oops!!!. Articles of Confederation to U.S. Constitution I.The Movement for More Effective Government A.After Shays Rebellion.
Chapter 6 Federalist Vs Democratic- Republican First Political Parties By J. Renee Glenn, JD American History.
Alien and sedition act- Alien act- allowed govt to arrest, detain and remove foreigners deemed untrustworthy Sedition act- limited free speech and.
Regional Economies Create Differences Industrial Revolution.
Jeffersonian republicanism People should control government; simple government best.
US History Review Articles of Confederation and the Constitution Ms. Eraqi.
VA/US SOL Review of Unit 2: SOLs 5 & 6 Constitution & Territorial Expansion.
Jefferson’s Presidency MRS. INGRAM. New Policies When Jefferson took office, his followers preached a ‘republican revolution’ in governmental policies.
THE LATE EIGHTEENTH AND EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURIES To Jackson.
US-VA History SOL Review Materials America’s “Manifest Destiny” and the Rise of Sectionalism,
CHAPTER 3: THE GROWTH OF A YOUNG NATION AMERICA EXPANDS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19 TH CENTURY.
Thomas Jefferson Well over 6 feet tall Not a good public speaker. One of the greatest writers among U.S. Presidents A renaissance man Incredibly well-read.
SSUSH6 The student will analyze the nature of territorial and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation.
1 Powerpoint by Mr. Woodward. 2 To most Americans, George Washington was a great hero. As president, Washington faced difficult tasks both home and abroad.
UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL Born in Virginia in 1758 Attended the College of William and Mary Fought with Continental Army Practiced law in Virginia Elected.
Early American History: Articles of Confederation-Constitution.
Ch10 PPT : Launching the New Ship of State
Study Guide #5 1.Who were the first three cabinet members of Washington’s staff and their assignment? –Thomas Jefferson (Sec. of State- foreign affairs)
Foreign Policy related to the War of 1812 The Young Republic President Washington through President Monroe
Chapter 6: Section 2. Explain how territorial expansion brought Americans into conflict with the British and with Native Americans. Describe American.
Life After Washington Another War I.Election of 1796 A. First openly contested election B. Federalists nominate John Adams C. Republicans nominate Thomas.
Early Growth of the New Nation Mr. McCain. SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of.
Game Board 300 Foreign Policy Foreign Policy Talkin bout a Revolution Constitution To bill or not to bill?: New Nation Go West Young Man Causes of Civil.
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