2 What is a Nation?A particular geographic boundary within which an organized government makes and enforces lawWITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF A HIGHER AUTHORITY
3 NO ONE TO ANSWER TOGOVERNMENTLOWER GOVERNMENT STATE, LOCAL ETC.
4 TERRITORYBoundaries must be recognized by other nations
5 POPULATION Yes, they must have people. 1 China 1,339,190,000 2 India 1,184,639,0003 USA 309,975,0004 Indonesia 234,181,400188 Monaco 33,000192 Nauru10,000193 Vatican City800
6 SOVEREIGNTY How does a nation get it? By Declaring It THE RIGHT, POWER, AND AUTHORITY TO GOVERN ITS OWN PEOPLEHow does a nation get it?By Declaring It
7 GOVERNMENTUNITARY GOVERNMENTThe unitary system gives the main powers to the central government. State, provincial, and local governments are all created by the central government. The non-central governments have only the powers that are appointed by the central government.
8 EXAMPLESFrance, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom,
9 GOVERNMENT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Unlike the unitary system, the federal system develops when a number of states or provinces federate, or form a union, eventually in order to establish a nation. In a government using the federal system, the powers of the governments are jointly shared between the central government and the more local or regional governments (state, providential, district, etc.)
10 EXAMPLESThe United States and Canada have federal systems. Other countries that use the federal plan include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, India, Mexico, and Switzerland.