Presentation on theme: "Characteristics of A State. What is a Nation? A particular geographic boundary within which an organized government makes and enforces law WITHOUT THE."— Presentation transcript:
Characteristics of A State
What is a Nation? A particular geographic boundary within which an organized government makes and enforces law WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF A HIGHER AUTHORITY
NO ONE TO ANSWER TO GOVERNMENT LOWER GOVERNMENT STATE, LOCAL ETC.
TERRITORY Boundaries must be recognized by other nations
POPULATION Yes, they must have people. 1 China 1,339,190,000 2 India 1,184,639,000 3 USA 309,975,000 4 Indonesia 234,181, Monaco 33, Nauru10, Vatican City800
SOVEREIGNTY THE RIGHT, POWER, AND AUTHORITY TO GOVERN ITS OWN PEOPLE How does a nation get it? By Declaring It
GOVERNMENT UNITARY GOVERNMENT The unitary system gives the main powers to the central government. State, provincial, and local governments are all created by the central government. The non- central governments have only the powers that are appointed by the central government.
EXAMPLES France, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom,
GOVERNMENT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Unlike the unitary system, the federal system develops when a number of states or provinces federate, or form a union, eventually in order to establish a nation. In a government using the federal system, the powers of the governments are jointly shared between the central government and the more local or regional governments (state, providential, district, etc.)
EXAMPLES The United States and Canada have federal systems. Other countries that use the federal plan include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, India, Mexico, and Switzerland.