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Conditions that led to the Constitution Shays’ Rebellion Economic Problems TradeTariffsCurrency National Debt Diplomatic Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "Conditions that led to the Constitution Shays’ Rebellion Economic Problems TradeTariffsCurrency National Debt Diplomatic Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conditions that led to the Constitution Shays’ Rebellion Economic Problems TradeTariffsCurrency National Debt Diplomatic Issues

2 Road to the Constitution Annapolis Convention, 1786 Constitutional Convention 1787IssuesRepresentationSlaveryRatificationFederalistsAnti-Federalists Bill of Rights

3 Designing a New Nation Articles of Confederation ( ) --Decentralized --Strong state government/weak federal government --No taxing power --No judiciary --No regulation of trade --Amended unanimously --Nine states required to approve important measures --No executive U. S. Constitution (1789-) --Where does authority lay? --How are powers “balanced?” --What lessons from American past are incorporated into it? --What are “undemocratic” elements? --How “republican” is it? --What powers are “delegated” to government by states? --What powers remain for the states?

4 Politics in the New Republic Alexander Hamilton/Loose Construction --”Necessary and Proper Clause” --Power to central government --Economic diversification --Tariffs--Funding --English model Thomas Jefferson/Strict Construction --10 th Amendment --Many powers reserved to states --Agrarian future --Free trade --Western lands --French loyalty

5 Additional Issues: French Revolution Jay’s Treaty Quasi-War with France Alien and Sedition Acts “Revolution” of 1800 Removal of Federalist Officers Louisiana Purchase

6 Federalists (1790s-1810s) Jeffersonian Republicans (1790s-1810s National/Democratic Republicans (1810s-1820s) Whigs (1820s-1850s)Jacksonian Democrats (1820s-1850s) Know Nothings/Southern Democrats/Northern Democrats (1850s) Republicans (1856-Present) Democrats (1860s-Present)


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