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The U.S. after the Civil War lecture notes from

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1 The U.S. after the Civil War lecture notes from

2 What were the opposing views of Reconstruction in the wake of the Civil War? Who supported these competing views and why? Was Reconstruction a success? Why or why not? lecture notes from

3 Lawyer Statesman 16 th President (1861-1865) Assassinated April 14, 1865 lecture notes from

4 Succeeded Lincoln as President Southern Democrat lecture notes from

5 Can the US ever truly be united? Can blacks and whites live together? Who runs this country? lecture notes from

6 Born in Cologne, Germany Revolutionary figure in Germany Public speaker and abolitionist Hated Southerners Reported on the effect of the Civil War on the South at Johnson’s request lecture notes from

7 Physically Legally and Constitutionally Emotionally lecture notes from

8 Asserted congressional power over Reconstruction. Required that a majority of a seceded state’s white men take a loyalty oath and guarantee back equality. – Sound familiar to anyone? lecture notes from

9 Presidential Theory Southern Theory Conquered Provinces Theory “Forfeited Rights” Theory lecture notes from

10 Southern states never out of the Union Not “Reconstruction,” but “Restoration.” Minor modifications Restore political rights Appointment of governors lecture notes from

11 War proved secession could not take place therefore they’d never left the union. Therefore, no Constitutional question Everythign should revert back to the way it was lecture notes from

12 Backed by Thaddeus Stevens and Radical Republicans Shattered the Constitution Southern states subject to international law as a “conquered province.” lecture notes from

13 Ultimately governed Reconstruction Secession null and void but emphasized that governments had rebelled Because rebellion, they forfeited rights under the Constitution Becomes the duty and right of Congress to ensure republican form of government Became the theory that underlay the Reconstruction Act of 1867 lecture notes from

14 After 1866 elections, “Radical” meant being committed to destroying slavery and guaranteeing civil rights for African Americans lecture notes from

15 Influential leader of Reconstruction Served in congress Abolitionist Led impeachment forces against Johnson Sponsored radical plan of Reconstruction lecture notes from

16 Abolistionst Labor reformer Speaker Abandoned practice of law to speak on social/policital issues lecture notes from

17 Senator Deeply devoted to cause of civil rights Joined Stevens as leader of Radicals lecture notes from

18 Freedman’s Bureau Bill of 1866 Civil Rights act of 1866 lecture notes from

19 President of the CFA Only military leader of Cnfederacy to be placed in prison Served two years lecture notes from

20 In response to Reconstruction, many Southerners embraced “the lost cause,” an image of Confederate soldiers battling to maintain Southern traditions and institutions. lecture notes from


22 How did the Civil War transofrm the South? What I really a “new” south? Why or why not? Were freed slaves better off in the South after the Civil War? Why or why not? What were the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th amendments? Did they transofrm American society? Why or why not? lecture notes from

23 By the late 1860s some Southerns were already calling for a more diversified economy Slow shift from famrs to factories lecture notes from

24 Never monolithic – never a monopoly on racism, violence or one –party politics. Just seemed that way in comparison to the rest of the country. Only white Southerners have been defeated in way and had their territory occupied by enemy Until 1950, majority of blacks in US lived in the South “Solid South” refers to no Republican presidential candidate carrying the South between 1877-1920 lecture notes from

25 No longer two separate nations – erased the Mason-Dixon line Southern economy had changed Race relations had changed lecture notes from

26 Native of Atlanta, GA. Correspondent of New York Herald Conceptualized “new south” lecture notes from

27 Reconstruction of infrastructure – Railroads – Ports – Roads – communications Industrialization – Cotton – Iron – tobacco lecture notes from

28 13 th amendment: slavery punishable by law 14 th amendment: citizenship granted to any person born in the US 15 th amendment: right for all adult males to vote – This annoyed women lecture notes from

29 KKK Redeemers “Mississipi Plan” “Grandfather Clause” “Jim Crow” laws Plessy v. Ferguson lecture notes from

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