Presentation on theme: "Understanding Nationalism"— Presentation transcript:
1Understanding Nationalism To what extent should nation be the foundation of identity?
2Who are you? Do you identify with this flag? Does this flag make you who you are?Why do you identify with this flag?What other icons (images) might you identify with?Why do “we” identify with being Canadian as “our” nationality?Why are we proud of a flag?
3What is a nation? What is a country? A nation isPeople who feel a sense of belonging togetherPeople who want to control their own destinyFrom Latin meaning “people” or “race”May not have official borders or governmentA country isGeographic area defined by official bordersBorders and government are recognized by other countriesWorld includes more than 190 official countries
4Nation and Nation-state An idea that means different things to different people. Some people think a nation is a country with physical territory and a government. Others think a nation is people who share a sense of belonging together and who want to control their own destiny.Nation-stateA country that has physical borders and a single government that makes laws and conducts business on behalf of its citizens. Nation-states may be based on ethnic nationalism or civic nationalism or a combination of the two.
5Civic NationAccording to Michael Ignatieff a civic nation is made up of people who share certain political beliefs. In that framework, race, colour, creed, gender, language, and ethnicity do not matter.Civic Nation: citizens are equal; have the same rights and responsibilitiesBased on shared values and beliefsCivic means “related to citizens”Ex. Canada
6Civic NationMost civic nations have a constitution, or a legal document that outlines the rights and responsibilities of a society’s citizensIt includes the core laws that define the nation and how it will be governed.It is valued because it lays out the kind of society they want to live in.Elected politicians and the courts must support and conform with these ideas and rules.
7Civic NationalismOne understanding implies that Civic Nationalism emerges only after a nation state has been created.Ex. BritainBegan as four separate nations: Irish, Scottish, English and Welsh peoplesToday people of these four nations live within the British nation-stateThey share certain values and beliefs and they form a British civic nation.
8Civic and Ethnic Nationalism Civic nationalism is different from ethnic nationalism, which is based on shared ethnicity, culture, and language.Ex. Germany1800’s German-speaking peoples lived in a number of small states, but many people supported the idea of a German nation-state.
10How are nation and country different? Can you “belong” to more than one nation? Country?Can you identify with more than one nation? Country?Does your identity stop at the invisible lines on the ground?
11Expressions of Nationality How do we express nationalism?LanguageEthnicityCultureReligionGeographyPoliticsIs nationalism the same as patriotism?PatriotismLove of country or nationMay spark heroismRelated words: patriot, patriotic, patriate, repatriate
12Understandings of Nation Language, ethnicity, culture, religion, geography, relationship to land, spirituality, and politics are often commonalities shared by people who feel they belong to the same “nation” of people.How could these traits be the glue that holds a “nation” together?
13LanguageWhen a language is spoken by a great many people it can create a feeling of belonging that inspires a sense of nation.In Canada this can most easily be seen through the Francophone culture in Quebec.Quebecois French has become distinct from the French spoken in France. It has created a sense of belonging.
14LanguageOn the other hand, there are 480 million people around the world that speak English as a first language, but it would be hard to say that they make up a single nation.Why would there be a distinction between the Quebecois, and the English speaking world?
15EthnicityEthnicity can be based on shared racial, cultural, national or linguistic characteristics.In that sense then, talking about people of the “Vietnamese nation” may mean people physically residing in the Southeast Asian country of Vietnam, but it may also include other people around the world who do not actually live in Vietnam. As well, not all people who live in Vietnam are of Vietnamese heritage.
16EthnicityMany people believe that building a nation around a shared ethnicity can help protect peoples’ collective identity.However, it may also encourage people to think in terms of “us” and “them”, which can be a cause of conflict.Can you think of any countries whose basis is set around ethnicity? Is Canada one of them?
17Culture Culture can involved in shaping a person’s national identity. Culture can be seen through dress, art, traditional ceremonies or stories, etc.In Canada, the First Nations peoples have many distinct cultures. For example, the Haida on the West Coast have different traditions than the Piikani of the prairies, etc.How can traditions create a national identity?
18ReligionThere are many different religions around the world and they serve to unify populations under one central doctrine.However, a Christian in Saskatchewan could be very different from a Christian in Africa, or Alabama.As well, within most world religions there are different sects that take different interpretations of the traditionsBeing united under one common denominator can still provide a sense of nation
19GeographyMountains, oceans, and deserts are physical barriers that isolate peoples from one another.This isolation can allow people to develop in their own ways and form a sense of nationEx. Tibet
20Relationship to Land and Spirituality Certain geographic characteristics create connections to the land for people that allow them to feel a sense of nation.Ex. Niagara Falls, HoodoosEx. SiksikaOften the connections to the land can lead to spiritual connections which also lead to a sense of belonging to a certain nation
21PoliticsSovereignty- the political authority of a people to control their own affairsSome people believe that a group of people can be a nation if they have sovereignty. Others believe it is only the desire to have sovereignty that qualifies a people as a nationEx. TibetEx. Dene Nation in Northwest Territories