Presentation on theme: "1 af 21 Nobelpris i fysik 2009 "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor" Willard S. Boyle b. 1924 George E. Smith b. 1930."— Presentation transcript:
1 af 21 Nobelpris i fysik 2009 "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor" Willard S. Boyle b George E. Smith b. 1930
2 af 21 Timeline Paul Nipkow sends images over wires using a rotating metal disk technology calling it the electric telescope with 18 lines of resolution.
3 af 21 Timeline John Baird's 30 line images were the first demonstrations of television by reflected light rather than back-lit silhouettes. Recording of dancing girls.
4 af 21
5 af 21 Timeline The Russian inventor, Vladimir Zworykin invented the cathode-ray-tube called the kinescope in The kinescope tube was sorely needed for television.
6 af 21 Vladimir Zworykin developed an even better camera tube called the Vidicon. Timeline Vladimir Zworykin developed a camera tube called the Orthicon. The Orthicon had enough light sensitivity to record outdoor events at night.
7 af 21 Timeline AT&T launches Telstar, the first satellite to carry TV broadcasts - broadcasts are now internationally relayed. First MOS transistor build at Bell Labs. Bobeck and his team demonstrates magnetic bubble memory at Bell Labs.
8 af 21 Timeline Boyle and Smith invents the Charge Coupled Device CCD.
9 af 21 The fractional quantum Hall effect. Timeline Nobel avards to Bell Labs Ivan Stensgaard employed at Bell The wave nature of matterThe transistor The electronic structure of glass and magnetic materials The Cosmic microwave radiation The cooling and trapping of atoms The CCD sensor
10 af 21 The CCD principle Boyle and Smith got inspiration from the Metal Oxide Semiconductor structure (MOS). And from the Magnetic Bubble Memory.
11 af 21 The CCD principle The basic MOS structure Moving the charges
12 af 21 The CCD principle
13 af 21 The first CCD Images from ‘The invention and early history of the CCD’ G E Smith NIM A 607 (2009) 1–6
14 af 21 The CCD
15 af 21 CCD at this Department CCD used at the Ole Rømer observatory Around x512 pixels The individual pixels spaced at 27 μm.
16 af 21 Astronomic images Photographic image CCD image
17 af 21 Digital color cameras Casio QV x240 pixels Kr Kodak DC x960 pixels Kr Department Private Medion MD x1704 pixels Kr Samsung L55W x1656 pixels Kr Astronomy Kepler Special camera 2009 ~9800x9800 pixels $. A lot Area: 30x30 cm 2 FujiFilm x960 pixels Kr. 300
18 af 21 CCD’s for all, a WEB camera Color CCD from an early cheap WEB camera. Around x484 pixels The individual R G B pixels Spaced around 8.7 μm.
19 af 21 CCD in optical mouse Chip 2.5x2.5 mm 2 CCD 1.2x1.2 mm 2 18x18 pixels
20 af 21 The Nobel Laurates 1970
21 af 21 Nobelpris i fysik 2009 "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor" Willard S. Boyle b George E. Smith b. 1930