Presentation on theme: "More importantly– the rise of NATIONALISM"— Presentation transcript:
1More importantly– the rise of NATIONALISM The Rise of NationsMore importantly– the rise of NATIONALISM
2France and England Split Multiple wars between Feudal States led France and England to emerge as individual nationsNo longer were they intertwined by nobles owning land in both regions.Marriage strengthens Nations (English King, Henry II to European Heiress, Eleanor of Aquitaine)
3Magna CartaJohn Softsword’s lost battles to France caused him to tax raise taxes to all-time high. Nobles UNHAPPY!June 15, 1215Originally for wealthy nobles, later applied to all citizensNo taxation w/out representationTrial by JuryMain Idea: Limited Monarchy!!
4“What affects all should be approved by all” Model Parliament“What affects all should be approved by all”King Edward I realized with rise of cities/ trade he could now tax middle-class, not just nobles.
5He called together a parliament that represented commoners and nobles Edward
6Parliament Becomes Check on King’s Power Eventually split to 2 housesHouse of CommonsHouse of Lords
7French King’s Gained Power Estates GeneralFirst Estate: ClergySecond Estate: LordsThird Estate: Middle-classUnlike parliament in England, gave king more power over nobles
8Result: nation-states Nation-states were made of people with similar culture and language that occupied a specific territory under ONE government.Government was Monarchy.People feel LOYAL to their country.
9Crisis for the Church Boniface VIII loses power for the papacy Where is home: Rome or Avignon?3 Popes? The Great Schism!Scholarly Authority; John Wycliffe and HussThe great Schism Ends, but who has real power?
11Power Struggle: King or Pope French King Philip IV taxed churches to pay for war with EnglandPope Boniface VIII issued a papal bull.No more taxing of churchSpiritual power always supreme over secular powerPhilip’s Response: He laughed
12Rome V. Avignon French Bishop named Pope, Clement V. He claimed that political violence threatened him and he moved from:Rome, Italy to Avignon, FranceFor 67 years, papacy lived in extravagance in FranceCatholics from other nations NOT happy
14John Wycliffe translating Bible to English The John’sTwo Professors decided to speak out against the church with VERY different results.John Wycliffe translating Bible to English
15John Wycliffe Wycliffe’s Major Ideas: Wycliffe’s Results: English Hero who translated bible into EnglishWycliffe’s Major Ideas:True head of church was Jesus, not PopeClergy should live in povertyBible -not pope- final authority on Christian lifeWycliffe’s Results:Tried for Heresy but trial resulted in street riots and his release
16John Huss Huss’s Major Ideas: Bible was final authority, not Pope Huss’s Results:Excommunicated in 1411Burned at the stake in 1414
19The Plague Raging Fever Black swellings Death in 24 hrs. 25,000,000/ 1/3 of Europe’s pop.Plague kept returning until 1600’sPriests also afraid and people got angryPeasants revolted b/c with pop. decline, they did not have to listen to Nobles– Serfdom began to disappear.
21Video Quiz 1-51. It is estimated that ________ people died of plague in Western Europe between 1347 and (5 million,15 million or 25 million)2. Between the years 1300 and 1450, due to the combined effects of plague, famine and warfare, the total population of Europe declined by about ______ to ______ of its original numbers. (1/10 to 1/4, 1/4 to 1/3, 1/2to 2/3).3. There were three important and long-lasting effects of the radical depopulation of Europe. These were:1.___________________________________2.___________________________________3.___________________________________4. In the year 1347, Italian traders returning to Genoa, from an outpost called Caffa on the Black Sea, brought more than trade goods to Europe. What else did they bring?5. Under the manorial system of agriculture, peasant laborers called _________ worked the fields for their wealthy masters, in exchange for protection and a share of the crops they raised.
22Video Quiz 6-106. During plague times, religious extremists called ____________________ traveled from town to town, preaching and publicly whipping one another.7. Fasting and making pilgrimages to holy shrines are called Acts of _____________ and were commonplace activities in plague times. Such acts of religious devotion were believed to help purify the soul of its sins.8. Throughout history, people experiencing extreme hardships have often searched for someone to blame for their difficulties. During the plague years, ___________ were often blamed for the spread of the disease.9. Today, the plague is not the menace it was during the Middle Ages because it can be treated with__________________.10. Before, during, and after the plague years, a war called the ___________________________raged between ______________ and _______________.