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Social Studies 20-2 Related Issue # 3 Chapter 9 Nation, Nation States, and Internationalism.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Studies 20-2 Related Issue # 3 Chapter 9 Nation, Nation States, and Internationalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Studies 20-2 Related Issue # 3 Chapter 9 Nation, Nation States, and Internationalism

2 Reviewing Related Issue #3  Review page 196, and the Unit’s contents  Volunteer to read page 197

3 Key Terms  Needs  Wants  Isolationism  Unilateralism  Bilateralism  Multilateralism  Supranationalism

4 Key Concept  Does involvement in international affairs benefit nations and nation-states?  Read page 202

5 What motivates nations and nation- states to become involved in international affairs?  People’s behaviours is motivated by both NEEDS and WANTS  Needs – things people must have to survive ( food, water, shelter, and health )  Wants – things people desire, not necessary to survive ( cellphone, tattoo, …)

6 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs  Believed that everyone ranked her or his needs in order of importance  Placed basic survival needs at the bottom  People would then work their way up through the levels until they became happy and fulfilled human beings  Some people believe human nature is too complex to follow this method

7 Needs and Motives of Successful Nation-States  Read page 203  Behaviour of nation-states and nations is motivated by the collective needs and wants of the country’s people  Nations and Nation-states are motivated to achieve and maintain:  Economic stability  Peace and Security  Self-determination  Humanitarianism  Complete Handout by reading pages

8 Economic Stability  People – may involve getting an education, finding a job and saving money  Nation – might decide to provide more money for training apprentices to attract more industries to the country  Nation – develop trade policies that support exports which help keep employment levels high in their country  When people have jobs they spend more money. When they spend more money they create a demand for goods and services which make companies make more goods and therefore need to hire more workers

9 Peace and Security  Safety is a strong motivator for nations and nation-states  Society can not function unless people feel safe doing things like attending school and going to work  Nations promote safety by passing laws, creating police forces, and making rules for the workplace  Nations promote security through their interaction with the rest of the world

10 Peace and Security  Avoiding war is a strong motivator  Most nation-states are motivated to create alliances to protect themselves against conflict  NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization  Protective alliance among countries whose goal is to maintain security of western nations  Canada is a member



13 Peace and Security  NORAD – North American Aerospace Defense Command  Defends the air space of North America  United Nations  International body to help nations solve conflicts and problems before they escalate

14 Case Study  In 2007, these women lived in refugee camp in Darfur, a region of Sudan. In Sudan, about 2.5 million people have fled their homes because of fighting between government forces and rebels. This fighting has destroyed many people’s peace and security.  What might be some long-term effects of this lack of peace and security?

15 Self-determination  Most people are highly motivated to control their own lives  Nations and Nation-state are also highly motivated to control their future  They achieve this goal by seeking self- determination

16 Self-determination  Nations that are controlled by another nation may even decide to seek sovereignty ( independence )  Example – Canada wanting it independence from Britain  Example – many nations created at the end of World War One based around self- determination

17 Self Determination  Europe 1914Europe 1919

18 Humanitarianism  Motivation to help other to some extent  Nations attempt to relieve suffering and protect the innocent  Humanitarianism – acting to support the dignity and well-being of all people  Can be both internal and external

19 Failed States  Read page 207  Countries that cannot ( or do not ) meet the needs of their citizens may be classified as “failed states”.  Answer EXPLORATIONS #1  What causes states to fail:  Loss of political legitimacy  Corruption of government  Economic decline  Violent takeover of government  Organized crime  Not sustain essential public service  Cannot promote economic growth  Do not provide welfare  Fear of others – ethnic conflicts  Greed

20 Botswana and Zimbabwe  Read pages  EXPLORATIONS #1

21 How do Motives of Nations and Nation-States shape their responses to the rest of the world?  Read the opening paragraph page 210  Motives shape the way governments manage their domestic ( internal ) affairs and how they respond to the world  When deciding how to respond to the rest of the world, countries are influenced by many factors related to the needs of its people  The range of responses include:  Isolationism  Unilateralism  Bilateralism  Multilateralism  supranationalism

22 Possible Responses to International Affairs  Read the remainder of page 210 to page 213 and using the pinwheel handout, in your own words describe 5 ways in which countries can respond to international affairs.  Each arm of the pinwheel should include 3 sections: 1. The name and a brief description 2. An example, either written or sketched 3. The motive(s) your example is serving

23 Isolationism  The policy of staying completely out of world affairs  Have no dealings at all with other countries  Complete isolationism is rare – most still have diplomatic ties with countries but stay out of any disputes  Examples:  Japan – isolated itself for over 200 years  Switzerland – remained neutral during both World Wars  United States – after World War Two


25 Unilateralism  Means going alone  When a country does not want help from other countries or it is unable to persuade other countries to help them  Declaring war on a country without the help of other countries is an example  Examples – Cold War – USA vs USSR  Fear over nuclear arms development  Everyone was scared of joining sides  Let the two of them fight it out – hoped it would not go nuclear

26 Bilateralism  When two countries are motivated by the same issue or need  Agreements made between two countries  Examples – Acid Rain agreement between Canada and the USA

27 Multilateralism  Many parties acting together as one  Several countries co- operate to resolve an issue of concern to them all  Is a favorite strategy of middle power countries – such as Canada  Example – Kyoto Protocol– agreement among many countries to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions

28 Multi-lateral Cooperation  Why is multilateral cooperation important when it comes to environmental issues?  Why might it often be difficult to achieve?

29 Supranationalism  Involves nations agreeing to go along with decisions made by international organizations  Members sometime have an outside body make decisions for them  Example – European Union

30 European Union  When countries join the European union they must give up some control over their own affairs  In the EU, major decisions are made by a vote in which every member country casts a ballot  As a result very few decisions are unanimous – but all members must abide with the majority  You sometimes have to go along with policies that they do not entirely agree with

31 European Union  Benefits the national interests  Most member of the EU have given up their own national money. They have adopted the euro as their common currency  Sharing this currency with other countries helps bring stability to their economies and controls inflation

32 Understandings of Internationalism  Read pages  Use the handout “picturing Internationalism” to respond to the Challenge on page 214.

33 How does Internationalism benefit nations and nation-states?  Read pages

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