Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter Five Police Officers I: Entering Police Work

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter Five Police Officers I: Entering Police Work"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Five Police Officers I: Entering Police Work
Police in America Chapter Five Police Officers I: Entering Police Work

2 The Changing American Police Officer
More female, African American, and Hispanic officers compared to 40 years ago Many college educated or hold masters’ degrees Openly gay and lesbian officers

3 Aspects of the Personnel Process
A Career Perspective Many departments have personnel problems because: 1. Don’t train recruits properly 2. Don’t supervise officer adequately 3. Poor evaluation systems 4. Failure to discipline 5. Failure to provide career opportunities 6. Don’t promote the best officers

4 Beyond Stereotypes of Cops
Stereotypes can be either positive or negative Positive: Heroic saints, risking their lives Negative: Uneducated, untrained, prejudiced, brutal or corrupt These stereotypes can discourage women from becoming police officers

5 The Personnel Process: A Shared Responsibility
Shared with other governmental agencies (civil service system) Attracting a pool of applicants: Minimum qualifications The recruitment effort Applicant’s motivations to apply

6 Recruitment Minimum Qualifications Criminal record Residency
Most departments - 21 years of age Height and Weight Education 63% high school diploma 37.1% require some college 4.8% require four-year degree Educational incentive pay Criminal record No felony—Drug offenses major problem Misdemeanor? Residency About 25% of departments require living within the city limits

7 Choosing Law Enforcement as a Career
Applicants motivations - Help people - Job security - Fight crime - Excitement - Prestige Barriers to recruitment Negative image of officers Traditionally male occupations

8 Selecting Officers from the Recruit Pool
Selection tests Oral interviews Written and medical exams Background Investigations Previous employment, possible criminal record, interviews with neighbors Educational background, financial status, home visit

9 Screening Methods Used by Local Police Depts. (2003)
Method % Dept Using Personal interview 98 Criminal record check 99 Background investigation 98 Driving record check 96 Medical exam 85 Psychological screen 67 Drug test 73 Written aptitude test 43 Physical agility test 50 Polygraph exam 25

10 Predicting Police Officer Performance
The difficulty of predicting good police performance: Screening Methods Measuring Police Performance Screening Efforts vs. Actual Job Performance

11 Equal Employment Opportunity
Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act Race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Protected class 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act 1990 Americans With Disabilities Act Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Replace Picture

12 “Not Your Father’s Police Department”: Diversity in Policing
Employment of Racial and Ethnic Minorities Reflect the composition of the community it serves Hispanic and Latino officers Fastest growing population Spanish-speaking officers recruited Women More seriously underrepresented than racial or ethnic minorities Concentrated in lower ranks Gay and Lesbian officers Increasingly open over the last 20 years African American Officers Previously underrepresented in the police force Employment discrimination litigation has helped to increase number of African American officers in the police force

13 Achieving Diversity in Police Employment
U.S. Supreme Court held that diversity is a “compelling state of interest” Three basic goals Ensure employer is not discriminating Improve police service Improve image of police department Employment Discrimination Suits Controversy over affirmative action The question of quotas Reverse discrimination

14 The Police Academy Provides formal training
Preservice training Process for weeding out unqualified recruits Field training Rite of passage that socializes recruits State training and certification

15 Training Police Academy Field training
Big departments have own academy Small departments use state-run academies Field training FTO program 2/3 of departments use this process

16 State Training and Certification
Every state has some form of mandated pre-service training for certification State-required content of training Decertification Shortcomings of current police training: Don’t cover important subjects like discretion and ethics Preservice training not adequate Classroom training alone is not adequate

17 The Probationary Period
Can range to six months to two years after being sworn in as an officer Officer can be dismissed without cause during this period Rules for this process determined by local civil service regulations Average of 7 percent of all recruits dismissed during this period

Download ppt "Chapter Five Police Officers I: Entering Police Work"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google