External Examiner from (UK) Microbiologist What other infection does S.pneumoniae cause?
Student Bacterial meningitis Otitis media Sinusitis Peritonitis Integration
External Examiner from (UK) Microbiologist How do you culture S.pneumoniae in the lab?
Student On Blood agar Colonies are α hemolytic Optichin sensitive Bile soluble
External Examiner from (UK) Microbiologist How can we prevent pneumococcal meningitis?
Student 23-polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine Conjugate vaccine: New
What is this called??? Structure-based Lifelong learning
Life long learning Integrated System
Total No. of deliveries as Microbiology & Immunology Contributions A total of 34 lecture A total of 16 seminar (small group teaching) A total of 9 learning topics A total of 2 lab practicals Over 3 years Phase II
Structured Curriculum Old Curriculum
Microbiology Contribution 4 th Year 200 deliveries General Microbiology Immunology Systematic bacteriology Virology Parasitology Mycology Integrated systems
Structured curriculum Each subject has an exam If Fail Microbiology Cannot pass the final exam
Integrated (problem-based curriculum) curriculum One Exam Can skip the whole Microbiology The whole Physiology Still can pass the exam
What is the end result? Very weak in managing infectious diseases
What could be the solution Back to structured curriculum??? More control on marking the integrated exam with minimum marks for pass in all disciplines
Any Difference in post graduate performance between the 2 types of curricula?
Two collegues: One consultant physician One consultant pediatrician We do have problems with the new system They do not pass USMLE Exams Need real comparative figures
Knowledge You don’t know what you don’t know Structured curriculum
Learning knowledge Learning how to use knowledge Not the same
Medical Expert skill is a choice not a talent Talent gets you in the game but it can’t make you an expert Both are needed
Medical Expert skill = Performance X Professionalism If either zero, it’s all zero
If I were asked to enumerate ten educational stupidities, the giving of grades would head the list. If I can’t give the student a better reason for studying than a grade on a report card, I aught to lock my desck, go home and stay there. “The wound is mortal” By De Zouche (1945)
Motivation to achieve enjoyment and enthusiasm is vital to excel the medical expert associated with knowledge, rather than making reluctant effort simply to be suscessful when assessed. Ainly, 2006
Medical school is not only about the core science requirements but about the development of the individual as a competent, compassionate and well informed physician upon graduation
Integrating a curriculum is a complex process
Not everything that counts can be counted Albert Einstein
The Brain is: (A work in Progress) Need both Knowledge and creativity In order not to stop