Presentation on theme: "Innovative & Cost Effective Supervision Innovative & Cost Effective Supervision PROBATION GROUP REPORTING PROBATION GROUP REPORTING Presented by: James."— Presentation transcript:
Innovative & Cost Effective Supervision Innovative & Cost Effective Supervision PROBATION GROUP REPORTING PROBATION GROUP REPORTING Presented by: James E. Henderson Jr. MSW, CAC-R b A Community Corrections’ Response to b Domestic Violence: b b 12 th Annual International Family Justice Center Conference b April 16, 2012 New Orleans, LA Rated M: Suggested for Mature Audiences, may contain adult language.
Why consider probation group reporting? b Rationale with particular Offenders b Rationale with particular Offenders. b Why we choose to incorporate daytime, evening and pretrial group reporting. b Victim & Community Safety b Offender Accountability b Clear message from/to the community
The benefits of monitoring b To the Person Victimized b To the Community b To the Defendant b To the Criminal Justice System b To the Agent
Why consider a supportive and accountable group reporting format
b Research has indicated that group work is often more effective and less costly then other alternatives. b A similar research study of psychiatric as well as substance abuse patients revealed a decline in both symptoms and a need for treatment after patients entered support groups.
How group reporting supports compliance and change b Gives defendants a reference group wherein one shares common road blocks to compliance, problems, or concerns with others. b Provides an opportunity to hear multiple solutions from peers.
How group reporting supports compliance and change (cont’d) b Defendants gain hope based on the knowledge that other members have experienced similar difficulties..
How group reporting supports compliance and change (cont’d) Defendants often start confronting problems and accepting responsibility. b This is often quicker then if only confronted in the programs or by probation. b Why?
How group reporting supports compliance and change (cont’d) b Defendants begin putting their problems in perspective and applying knowledge and skills deriving from experiences shared by others. b The probation officer can tap the strengths of group members, fostering independence and self-esteem in the process.
Before You Start b Find a location ( hallway, conference room, training office at police station/jail etc) b Assure staff safety at location ( 2 staff on- site or other employees near by) b Pick defendants from one particular program. ( This covers you for issues on confidentiality, program rules and objectives)
Before You Start (cont’d) b Probation Officers need to be familiar with the program you choose, so that your group functions in synergy rather than in competition with those programs. b Meet with the programs and inform them of your new monitoring practices. ( You will need their reports before each group meeting)
Getting Started b Inform Defendants of the dates for PGM. Have programs announce times /dates and locationsHave programs announce times /dates and locations Post in Office Post in Office Put on phone messagePut on phone message b Keep groups between 15 and 25 defendants per one hour meeting b Offer groups during the day and evening hours.
Start of Group b Have Defendants pass in monthly reports. b Announce purpose of the group. I always say “ I have never been on probation, I can not tell you how to manage a family, job, and all the requirements of probation. However several of the people in this room have done so successfully. We want to help you make it through probation and for this to be the last time. I willing to listen to your feelings and discuss options.
Start of Group (cont’d) b However I am not interested in complaining with out a purpose. I know probation can be overwhelming for many of you, but if you look around you, are not alone and many of these guys are doing well. I also want to inform you of consequences if you do not comply,with the hope that you never have to experience them. Finally I want to monitor the program you are in and am interested in if you feel it is helpful or not”
Conducting the group Conducting the group b Go through each defendants’ monthly report and reports from the agency. b Focus on compliance issues: Is he/she attending and paying for services, doing homework, passing drug test etc. b How is he doing in general, compliment him/her on progress or compliance.
Look for Cognitive Distortions b That disavow responsibility b That minimizes the effects of violence, drugs/alcohol, crime, etc. b That dehumanize or blame the victim. b By challenging these distortions the Probation Officer can achieve therapeutic results for the offender, group & society.
Incorporate Motivational Interviewing b Express Empathy b Roll with Resistance b Develop Discrepancy b Support Self-Efficacy b ( Walters et al.,2007)
Motivational Interviewing Techniques b Ask Open ended questions b Affirm positive talk and behavior b Have the group reflect what they are hearing and seeing b Have the offender summarize what has been said.
Keeping group interesting b Try not to spend more then 5 minutes per issue. b If an issue needs more time pull in feed back from more advanced members or people who can relate. b Set guidelines on feedback (Tim can you tell Tom how you dealt with your lack of transportation to AA)
Setting Boundaries b Do not allow offenders to enter group late. b Do not allow hats to be worn, or disrespectful clothing. b Do not allow disrespect or feedback that may collude with a defendants entitlement to engage in abuse tactics or substance abuse.
Other things to do at PGM Other things to do at PGM b Conduct PBT/ Breathalyzers. b Invite guest ( BIP staff, Victim service workers, Judges, Arresting officer, etc) b Offender photos. b Make announcements. ( About court requirements or services in the community)
In the END b We have more time to complete other task. b Our offenders spend quality time at probation.
In the END b Offenders earn leadership roles, often enhancing self-esteem and compliance. b Offenders understand the concepts of graduated sanctions and are less resistant to imposed consequences for their choices
PGM help with Court reviews b You have witnesses to what was told to the defendant. b Defendant could have been offered assistance from group. (document)
PGM can help with your CCR b Community partners can observe and… b Educate you on group work b Learn about your weaknesses b Empower you b Learn from you and the group b Send a consistent message to offenders b Create a unified front
Change Takes Resources: Reflection #10 “ Tradition is what you resort to when you don ’ t have the time or money to do it right. ” Kurt Herbert Adler
Hands on Resources b You can access the DV Supervision Guidelines at the following link: http://www.appa- net.org/eweb/docs/APPA/pubs/CCRDV.pdf. http://www.appa- net.org/eweb/docs/APPA/pubs/CCRDV.pdfhttp://www.appa- net.org/eweb/docs/APPA/pubs/CCRDV.pdf b Link to 8 Hrs of DV training http://www.appa- net.org/dv/online_training.htm http://www.appa- net.org/dv/online_training.htmhttp://www.appa- net.org/dv/online_training.htm
Questions/comments/concerns? b Probation: working smarter, not harder while being fiscally responsible. Good Luck and Thank You
b James E. Henderson Jr. MSW, CAC-R b Battered Women's Justice Project 1801 Nicollet Ave South, Suite 102 Minneapolis, MN 55403 b p 800-903-0111, ext. 1 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com b James_henderson@yahoo.com James_henderson@yahoo.com b (517) 414-7302 Fax (517) 522-8521