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Self-Disclosure on the Job. Learning Objectives Define low, medium and high levels of disclosure. Identify the pros and cons of disclosure in different.

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Presentation on theme: "Self-Disclosure on the Job. Learning Objectives Define low, medium and high levels of disclosure. Identify the pros and cons of disclosure in different."— Presentation transcript:

1 Self-Disclosure on the Job

2 Learning Objectives Define low, medium and high levels of disclosure. Identify the pros and cons of disclosure in different settings.

3 Looking at Disclosure Low disclosure Facts Not too personal Easy to share with anyone

4 Looking at Disclosure Medium level Unique biographical facts Opinions Sometimes risky to share

5 Looking at Disclosure High Level of Disclosure Very personal Risky to share Used only if you trust the other person Used only if the other person is willing to listen

6 Other definitions of disclosure levels Selective disclosure: choosing who specifically to tell about one’s mental illness or the mental illness of your child and when to tell. Indiscriminate disclosure: “you have successfully changed your attitude about disclosure when talking about mental illness no longer evokes a sense of hesitancy or shame.” Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping With the Stigma of Mental Illness, by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

7 The Individual Choice “Disclosure is not a black and white choice. Mental illness is a complex experience. People need to decide which parts of this experience to disclose.” Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping With the Stigma of Mental Illness, by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

8 The Individual Choice It’s a process – and very personal. Here’s a statement from Michael Finkle, executive director of a statewide consumer advocacy group:

9 Thoughts on disclosure “While the consumer movement consumes my life, I usually don’t disclose one-on-one, unless there is a purpose to it. I don’t disclose to strangers. If they ask what I do, I tell them, and if they seem interested, and ask more questions, then I make a judgment call. I tend not to disclose unless it would be beneficial and comfortable doing so.” (Finkle, personal communication, 2005.)

10 To Disclose or Not to Disclose Brainstorming session What are the benefits to disclosure? What might be the costs?

11 The Benefits of Disclosure Not having to worry about hiding experiences with mental illness and being more open about day-to-day affairs Finding others who express approval, including those with similar experiences Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping With the Stigma of Mental Illness, by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

12 The Benefits of Disclosure Finding someone who can provide assistance in the future. Promoting a sense of personal power and acting as living testimony against stigma and discrimination. Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping With the Stigma of Mental Illness, by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

13 The Costs of Disclosure Encountering disapproval of your mental illness or your disclosure, including the risks of social ostracism and gossip. Being discriminated against in employment, housing, and other opportunities Experiencing anger from family members and others because you self-disclosed. Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping With the Stigma of Mental Illness, by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

14 The Costs of Disclosure Having increased anxiety due to perceptions that people are thinking about you or pitying you. Thinking that future relapses may be more stressful because others will be “watching” Worry that people you tell will assume that your child’s illness is due to “bad parenting.” Don’t Call Me Nuts!: Coping with the Stigma of Mental Illness by Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D., and Robert Lundin (2001).

15 Disclosure on the Job Disclosure to clients Disclosure to colleagues

16 Guidelines for Disclosure Even if your job states that you are a “peer” or “consumer”, there are still decisions to make regarding disclosure. What are the guidelines you use to determine if disclosure is a good idea? For clients For colleagues


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