This law established a procedure to survey and sell western lands, dividing land into local governmental units, called townships, 6 mi. x 6 mi., divided into 36 sections of 640 acres, to be sold at public auction for at least $1 an acre.
This law divided land north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River into 3-5 smaller territories, whereby a population of 60,000 would allow people to petition Congress to become a non- slave state.
This land, east of the Mississippi River, north of the Ohio River, and surrounding the Great Lakes, was taken from the Shawnee following the Battle of Fallen Timbers and the resulting Treaty of Greenville in 1795.
This party believed in a strong, well-functioning federal government that could maintain a national defense, a national economy, and promote the general welfare of the nation as a whole. They also did not trust uneducated citizens holding governmental positions.
This party believed in strong state governments that function more like separate nations with the freedom to manage governmental issues on their own level. They also believed that average citizens serving in government positions would be the only way to protect the liberty of ordinary people.
This Federalist believed in a government that could raise money from taxes and pay back those who paid for the Revolutionary War. He also proposed a national bank to hold federally collected tax money and offer loans.
This Democratic-Republican opposed paying back the debt because the south was not owed as much as the north. He also opposed a national bank, thinking rich bankers would have too much power over the country’s finances.
In 1733, this German-American journalist printed statements accusing New York’s royal governor of corruption. A jury found him not guilty, based on the British basic right of free speech, establishing Freedom of the Press.
In these resolutions, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts could not be enforced because they violated the Constitution, also suggesting that states might nullify any federal laws considered unconstitutional.
Despite feeling that his administration had accomplished "nothing," this president had actually helped lay the groundwork for a powerful federal government, avoided a war with France, and expanded the military.
This address outlined his philosophy of maintaining a wise and frugal government, using the French term Laissez- faire (meaning “let people do as they choose”), which applied at this time to the reduction of government.
This address affirmed America’s commitment to wish freedom and independence for all nations, but if America goes abroad, involving itself in the affairs of other nations, then America will be seen as the dictatress (intended ruler) of the world.
Denouncing the National Bank, he said, “When the laws…make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society that have neither the time nor the means of securing like favors, have a right to complain of the injustice of their government.”
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793, this compact machine removed the seeds from cotton fibers. Doing the work of 50 slaves, abolitionists thought that slaves might now earn their freedom. Instead, it created a greater need for slaves to grow more cotton.
An idea first attempted in France by Honore Blanc, making the parts of any machine identical so that they can be constructed and repaired more cheaply and quickly. Whitney applied the concept to American rifles for the military.