Territorial Expansion Federalists vs. Republicans Freedoms, Laws, & Resolutions From the Mouths of Presidents Inventions &Writers
This law established a procedure to survey and sell western lands, dividing land into local governmental units, called townships, 6 mi. x 6 mi., divided into 36 sections of 640 acres, to be sold at public auction for at least $1 an acre.
What is the Ordinance of 1785?
This law divided land north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River into 3-5 smaller territories, whereby a population of 60,000 would allow people to petition Congress to become a non- slave state.
What is the Northwest Ordinance?
This land, east of the Mississippi River, north of the Ohio River, and surrounding the Great Lakes, was taken from the Shawnee following the Battle of Fallen Timbers and the resulting Treaty of Greenville in 1795.
What is the Northwest Territory?
This 828,800 square mile chunk of land, bought from Napoleon of France for 3 cents an acre in 1803, more than doubled the size of the United States.
What is the Louisiana Territory?
This treaty settled the ownership of Florida to the United States and solidified the border between Spanish territory as the Red River along the Texas border and the 42 nd parallel to the Pacific.
What is the Adams-Onis Treaty?
This party believed in a strong, well-functioning federal government that could maintain a national defense, a national economy, and promote the general welfare of the nation as a whole. They also did not trust uneducated citizens holding governmental positions.
What was the Federalist Party?
This party believed in strong state governments that function more like separate nations with the freedom to manage governmental issues on their own level. They also believed that average citizens serving in government positions would be the only way to protect the liberty of ordinary people.
What was the Democratic- Republican Party?
This Federalist believed in a government that could raise money from taxes and pay back those who paid for the Revolutionary War. He also proposed a national bank to hold federally collected tax money and offer loans.
Who was Alexander Hamilton?
This Democratic-Republican opposed paying back the debt because the south was not owed as much as the north. He also opposed a national bank, thinking rich bankers would have too much power over the country’s finances.
Who was Thomas Jefferson?
This second President of the U.S. was a Federalist who assumed too much power for the presidency by denying the freedom of speech and treating immigrants unjustly in fear of French terrorism.
Who was John Adams?
In 1733, this German-American journalist printed statements accusing New York’s royal governor of corruption. A jury found him not guilty, based on the British basic right of free speech, establishing Freedom of the Press.
Who was John Peter Zenger?
This term describes the freeing of individual enslaved persons, practiced mostly in the North by acts of law after the war for independence.
What is Manumission?
This unjust law required 14 yrs. of residency, instead of 5 yrs., before obtaining citizenship, and allowed President Adams to imprison or expel those he considered dangerous.
What was the Alien Act?
This unconstitutional law made it a crime to criticize the government, denying freedom of speech, which backfired against John Adams and the Federalist Party in the next presidential elections.
What was the Sedition Act?
In these resolutions, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts could not be enforced because they violated the Constitution, also suggesting that states might nullify any federal laws considered unconstitutional.
What were the Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions?
In this 1796 address, he warned the country against the dangers of political parties and sectionalism; he also warned against entering any political entanglements with foreign nations.
What is Washington’s Farewell Address?
Despite feeling that his administration had accomplished "nothing," this president had actually helped lay the groundwork for a powerful federal government, avoided a war with France, and expanded the military.
Who was President John Adams?
This address outlined his philosophy of maintaining a wise and frugal government, using the French term Laissez- faire (meaning “let people do as they choose”), which applied at this time to the reduction of government.
What was Jefferson’s Inaugural Address?
This address affirmed America’s commitment to wish freedom and independence for all nations, but if America goes abroad, involving itself in the affairs of other nations, then America will be seen as the dictatress (intended ruler) of the world.
What was John Quincy Adam’s Inaugural Address?
Denouncing the National Bank, he said, “When the laws…make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society that have neither the time nor the means of securing like favors, have a right to complain of the injustice of their government.”
Who was future president Andrew Jackson?
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793, this compact machine removed the seeds from cotton fibers. Doing the work of 50 slaves, abolitionists thought that slaves might now earn their freedom. Instead, it created a greater need for slaves to grow more cotton.
What is the cotton gin?
An idea first attempted in France by Honore Blanc, making the parts of any machine identical so that they can be constructed and repaired more cheaply and quickly. Whitney applied the concept to American rifles for the military.
What is interchangeable parts?
This early American writer wrote short stories set in rural New York, such as Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
Who was Washington Irving?
This early American writer wrote novels, such as The Last of the Mohicans and The Deerslayer about a trapper folk hero.
Who was James Fennimore Cooper?
This inventor started the first water-powered textile factory in Rhode Island, using water to power spinning machines.