This process kills bacteria using heat. What is pasteurization?
A white food additive that produces carbon dioxide in cakes, cookies, and biscuits. What is baking soda or baking powder?
This plastic, commonly used for packaging food, has a recycle code of one. What is polyethylene terephthalate (PET)?
This is the agent that caused baked goods to rise. What is leavening ?
This process preserves food in brine or an acid such as vinegar. What is pickling ?
In the absence of oxygen sugar is converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide. What is fermentation?
What are polymers ? Chains made of many subunits of specifically bonded atoms in repetitive patterns such as A-A-A-A or A-B-A-B.
Viruses, bacteria or fungi that cause harm to humans What are pathogens?
The process of adding nutrients beyond what occurs naturally in a food. What is fortification?
This type of chemical reaction transforms fats and oils to acids (e.g. butter becomes rancid). What is oxidation?
What is biodegradable plastic? This kind of plastic breaks down quickly and completely in the environment.
This plastic behaves like the hormone estrogen once it enters the body and disturbs the normal working of certain genes. Estrogen mimicking chemicals like this are potentially harmful even at very low doses, such as those found in plastic bottles and cans. What is BPA, bisphenol-A ?
Food that is peeled, crushed, diced, or sliced. What is minimally processed food?
This reaction is responsible for the browning of meat, onions, and other food. It requires heat. What is the Maillard reaction?
This kind of plastic breaks down when exposed to light. What is photodegradable plastic?
This raw material is needed to make most types of plastic. What is petroleum?
This level of processing of foods often results in foods that are high in salt or sugar, low in fiber, and high in fat. What is a highly processed food?
A reaction that occurs without oxygen. What is an anaerobic reaction?
These are added to plastic to make it softer. What are phthalates?
This solvent, also used in fingernail polish remover, dissolves styrofoam. What is acetone?