Presentation on theme: "WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION?"— Presentation transcript:
1WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION? Authority challengedEconomic damageDisrupted educationA new Chinese culturePower changesGeneral chaos
2Challenges & changes to Authority Teachers were challenged and attacked by studentsAll ranks in the PLA were abolishedCentral government’s control and ability to pass & enforce laws was seriously weakenedAny attempt to challenge the Red Guards or the ‘Thoughts of Chairman Mao’ was met with accusations of being counter-revolutionary. Mao’s authority had increased.
3ECONOMIC DAMAGE The economy fell into ruins 1966-68 The industrial and agricultural progress in the early 1960s was destroyed almost overnightFactories came to a standstillFarming methods reverted to traditional manual labourMany ‘reactionaries’ were forced to work as labourers in the countryside
4DISRUPTION TO EDUCATION Teachers were prime targets for attackAll schools, colleges, and universities were closed for 2 yearsEducated people were suspected of being part of a growing bourgeois or specialist class who were causing the revolution to lose its wayProfessors performed manual work e.g. cleaning toiletsProgress from in literacy and learning was damaged and a ‘generation’ of children received little formal education
5A NEW CHINESE CULTUREAnything that represented old traditional Chinese culture was destroyed – temples, shrines, art, gardens. Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing, led the attack. This increased her power. She controlled art & culture until 1976.Western, capitalist and foreign influences were attacked and bannedA new Chinese culture emerged glorifying Maoist communism, the revolution, and the achievements of the Chinese people since 1949.
6POWER CHANGES Local organisations of the CCP were destroyed Senior party leaders who were opponents or rivals of Chairman Mao were accused of revisionism, capitalist ideas, and arrested and dismissed. Liu died in prison Deng was humiliated in front of 3,000 Red Guards. Deng’s son was thrown out of a window and broke his spineMao’s power had increased
7GENERAL CHAOS By 1968 China was in complete chaos Rival groups of Red Guards began to fight each other in their efforts to prove who had most loyalty to Mao and the revolutionIn 1969:Mao was forced to order the Red guards to stop their attacksThe PLA were called in to restore order but they continued the attacks for a whileSome historians believe Mao was never able to be fully in control of the cultural revolution. Others believe that he did not want to be, and in fact wanted some chaos to destroy opponentsThe cultural revolution ended by 1971
8WAS THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION A SUCCESS OR FAILURE? FOR MAO?What were his original aims?What were the outcomes?FOR THE CCP?FOR THE 1949 REVOLUTION?FOR CHINA AND THE CHINESE PEOPLE?