3 Do NowTea Party….In your Tuesday Do Now Box summarize what you think you will learn WITHOUT USING THE WORD GEOGRAPHY: I think this section is about…..
4 THIEVES T: Pages 2-3 H: Section 1 Pages 4-9 A Geographer’s World; Geography, Geographer’s Tools, Branches of Geography, Five Themes of Geography.H: Section 1 Pages 4-91. What is Geography?2. Looking at the World3. The Geographer’s ToolsI: Building Background Page 4What Geography is….
5 THIEVES E: Main Ideas Page 4 V: Section 1 Pages 4-9 What Geography isGeographers look at the world in many ways.Geographers use many tools.V: Section 1 Pages 4-9Page 5 How geography is all around us.Page 8 The difference between maps and globesE: Section 1 Assessment Page 9Why is geography considered a science?S: Summary and Preview Page 9Summarize in your own words what this section is about.
6 Wrap UpIn five sentences summarize why its important to know how to use the textbook. Why is using the THIEVES chart a skill a good reader uses?
7 Do Now (Pg. 4)How do you see Geography in your everyday life?
8 Define (Glossary or Pages 4-9) GeographySocial ScienceRegionMapGlobe
9 Key VocabularyGeography is the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they createSocial Science is a field that focuses on people and the relationships among themA region is a part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas
10 Key VocabularyA map is a flat drawing that shows all or part of Earth’s surfaceA globe is a spherical, or ball- shaped, model of the entire planet
11 1. What is Geography?Geography is the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create.
12 2. What is Geography?To a geographer, a place’s landscape is all the human and physical features that make it unique.In Algeria people live in small villages and are surrounded by deserts. How would you describe North Plainfield’s landscape?
13 3. Geography as a ScienceMany of the questions geographers ask deal with how the world works.
14 4. Geography as a ScienceAs scientists, geographers look at data or information they gather about places.\
15 Geography as ScienceOnce they gather their data, they must study it carefully. Geographers gather scientific data by making observations, taking measurements, and studying satellite images.
16 5. Geography as a Social Science A social science is a field that studies people and the relationships among them.
17 6. Geographers and People The geographers who study people do not dig in caves or climb mountains. Instead, they visit places and talk to the people who live there. They want to learn about people’s lives and communities.
18 Challenge Questions Why is geography considered a science? How do geographers who study people differ from other geographers?How can geography be useful?
19 Do NowWhat is the difference between human and physical geography?
20 Challenge Questions Part 2 Why do the geographers study the world on three different levels?What might a geographer at the local, regional, and global level study?What do you think is the most important tool to a global geographer? Explain why.How would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? (human and physical)
21 7. Looking at the World; Local Level To fully understand how the world works geographers often look at places at three different levels.
22 8. Local Level . Some geographers study issues at a local level. They ask how do people in a town or community live? What is the local government like? How do people who live there get around?
23 Looking at the World; Local Level A Geographer in a neighborhood of New York City, for example Chinatown, might study local foods, housing or clothing.
24 9. Local LevelBy asking these questions geographers can figure out why people live and work the way they do. They can also help improve their lives.
25 10. Regional LevelGeographers study the world in regions. A region is a part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas.
26 11 & 12.Regional Level Physical Human Some regions are defined by physical characteristics such as mountain ranges, climates, or plants native to the area.Other regions are based on the human characteristics of a place such as language, religion, or history.
27 Looking at the World; Regional Level Geographers study the world in regions to see how people interact with one another.
28 DO NOWWhy do geographers study the world on a local and regional level?
29 13. Looking at the World; Global Level Geographers study the world on a global level to see how different regions of the world interact and influence one another. They try to find relationships between people who live far apart.
30 14. Global LevelGeographers provide us with information to help us figure out how to live in a rapidly changing world.
31 15. The Geographer's ToolsThe tools geographers use most often in their work are maps and globes.
32 16. Geographer's Tools; Maps and Globes 1. Flat drawing2. Distorts details3. Easy to work with4. Can include a lot of information about a place.GlobesBall-shaped model of the earth.Hard to show small areas.Expensive.Shows places and features.
33 Geographer's Tools; Satellite Images Satellites gather information in the form of images. This helps them to see what an area looks like from above Earth.
34 17. Satellite ImagesSatellites also collect information that we cannot see from the planet’s surface. The information gathered by satellites helps geographers make accurate maps.
35 18. Other Tools computer programs measuring devices to record data a notebook Tape Recorder
36 Do NowHow would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? (human and physical features)
37 Physical Geography1. Physical Geography is the study of the world’s physical features – its landforms, bodies of water, climates, soils and plants.2. They want to know where plains and mountain ranges are, how rivers flow across the landscape, and why different amounts of rain fall from place to place. They also want to know what causes the different shapes on Earth.
38 Human Geography3. Human geography is the study of the world’s people, communities, and landscapes.4. Human geographers study the world’s people, past and present. They look at where people live and why. They ask why some parts of the world have more people than others, and why some places have almost no people at all.
39 Human and Physical Geography They are similar because they both study the world.They are different because human geography focuses on people and physical geography focuses on physical features.
40 To Do1. Five minute review of worksheet 10.Take Quiz.Worksheet 12
41 Do NowHow can studying the geography of North Plainfield be useful?
43 Human Geography8. White 57%, African American 18%, Asian 2.7%, Hispanic 43%9. 6 schools; West End, Somerset, East End, Stony Brook, Middle School, High School,10. 7,12511. Michael Giordano12. Management 3,290, Service 1,992, Sales 2,728, Production and Transportation 2,152, Education 2,167
44 Wrap Up!How would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? Consider:Physical features (water, climate, hills, mountains)People (languages spoken, where they live, jobs, and ethnic background.)
45 Writing Assignment 5-8 sentences per paragraph Paragraph 1: Your history with North Plainfield (when did you move here? When did your family move here? How long have they lived here? Why did they move here?)Paragraph 2: Physical Geography (1-6 from page 12)Paragraph 3: Human Geography (7-12 from page 12)Paragraph 4: What do you like/dislike about the town’s human and physical geography? What do you like/dislike about the location?