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Chapter 1; Section 1 Studying Geography

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1 Chapter 1; Section 1 Studying Geography
What is Geography? Chapter 1; Section 1 Studying Geography

2 Do Now What is geography?

3 Do Now Tea Party…. In your Tuesday Do Now Box summarize what you think you will learn WITHOUT USING THE WORD GEOGRAPHY: I think this section is about…..

4 THIEVES T: Pages 2-3 H: Section 1 Pages 4-9
A Geographer’s World; Geography, Geographer’s Tools, Branches of Geography, Five Themes of Geography. H: Section 1 Pages 4-9 1. What is Geography? 2. Looking at the World 3. The Geographer’s Tools I: Building Background Page 4 What Geography is….

5 THIEVES E: Main Ideas Page 4 V: Section 1 Pages 4-9
What Geography is Geographers look at the world in many ways. Geographers use many tools. V: Section 1 Pages 4-9 Page 5 How geography is all around us. Page 8 The difference between maps and globes E: Section 1 Assessment Page 9 Why is geography considered a science? S: Summary and Preview Page 9 Summarize in your own words what this section is about.

6 Wrap Up In five sentences summarize why its important to know how to use the textbook. Why is using the THIEVES chart a skill a good reader uses?

7 Do Now (Pg. 4) How do you see Geography in your everyday life?

8 Define (Glossary or Pages 4-9)
Geography Social Science Region Map Globe

9 Key Vocabulary Geography is the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create Social Science is a field that focuses on people and the relationships among them A region is a part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas

10 Key Vocabulary A map is a flat drawing that shows all or part of Earth’s surface A globe is a spherical, or ball- shaped, model of the entire planet

11 1. What is Geography? Geography is the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create.

12 2. What is Geography? To a geographer, a place’s landscape is all the human and physical features that make it unique. In Algeria people live in small villages and are surrounded by deserts. How would you describe North Plainfield’s landscape?

13 3. Geography as a Science Many of the questions geographers ask deal with how the world works.

14 4. Geography as a Science As scientists, geographers look at data or information they gather about places. \

15 Geography as Science Once they gather their data, they must study it carefully. Geographers gather scientific data by making observations, taking measurements, and studying satellite images.

16 5. Geography as a Social Science
A social science is a field that studies people and the relationships among them.

17 6. Geographers and People
The geographers who study people do not dig in caves or climb mountains. Instead, they visit places and talk to the people who live there. They want to learn about people’s lives and communities.

18 Challenge Questions Why is geography considered a science?
How do geographers who study people differ from other geographers? How can geography be useful?

19 Do Now What is the difference between human and physical geography?

20 Challenge Questions Part 2
Why do the geographers study the world on three different levels? What might a geographer at the local, regional, and global level study? What do you think is the most important tool to a global geographer? Explain why. How would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? (human and physical)

21 7. Looking at the World; Local Level
  To fully understand how the world works geographers often look at places at three different levels.

22 8. Local Level . Some geographers study issues at a local level.
They ask how do people in a town or community live? What is the local government like? How do people who live there get around?

23 Looking at the World; Local Level
A Geographer in a neighborhood of New York City, for example Chinatown, might study local foods, housing or clothing.

24 9. Local Level By asking these questions geographers can figure out why people live and work the way they do. They can also help improve their lives.

25 10. Regional Level Geographers study the world in regions. A region is a part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas.

26 11 & 12.Regional Level Physical Human
Some regions are defined by physical characteristics such as mountain ranges, climates, or plants native to the area. Other regions are based on the human characteristics of a place such as language, religion, or history.

27 Looking at the World; Regional Level
Geographers study the world in regions to see how people interact with one another.

28 DO NOW Why do geographers study the world on a local and regional level?

29 13. Looking at the World; Global Level
Geographers study the world on a global level to see how different regions of the world interact and influence one another. They try to find relationships between people who live far apart.

30 14. Global Level Geographers provide us with information to help us figure out how to live in a rapidly changing world.

31 15. The Geographer's Tools The tools geographers use most often in their work are maps and globes.

32 16. Geographer's Tools; Maps and Globes
1. Flat drawing 2. Distorts details 3. Easy to work with 4. Can include a lot of information about a place. Globes Ball-shaped model of the earth. Hard to show small areas. Expensive. Shows places and features.

33 Geographer's Tools; Satellite Images
Satellites gather information in the form of images. This helps them to see what an area looks like from above Earth.

34 17. Satellite Images Satellites also collect information that we cannot see from the planet’s surface. The information gathered by satellites helps geographers make accurate maps.

35 18. Other Tools computer programs measuring devices to record data
a notebook  Tape Recorder

36 Do Now How would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? (human and physical features)

37 Physical Geography 1. Physical Geography is the study of the world’s physical features – its landforms, bodies of water, climates, soils and plants. 2. They want to know where plains and mountain ranges are, how rivers flow across the landscape, and why different amounts of rain fall from place to place. They also want to know what causes the different shapes on Earth.

38 Human Geography 3. Human geography is the study of the world’s people, communities, and landscapes. 4. Human geographers study the world’s people, past and present. They look at where people live and why. They ask why some parts of the world have more people than others, and why some places have almost no people at all.

39 Human and Physical Geography
They are similar because they both study the world. They are different because human geography focuses on people and physical geography focuses on physical features.

40 To Do 1. Five minute review of worksheet 10. Take Quiz. Worksheet 12

41 Do Now How can studying the geography of North Plainfield be useful?

42 Physical Geography 1. Dec. 30 degrees, Apr. 50 degrees, July 75 degrees, Sept. 60 degrees. 2. Somerset Street, Watchung Ave., Greenbrook Rd. square miles 4. Somerset 5. Plainfield, Watchung, Dunellen, Fanwood, South Plainfield

43 Human Geography 8. White 57%, African American 18%, Asian 2.7%, Hispanic 43% 9. 6 schools; West End, Somerset, East End, Stony Brook, Middle School, High School, 10. 7,125 11. Michael Giordano 12. Management 3,290, Service 1,992, Sales 2,728, Production and Transportation 2,152, Education 2,167

44 Wrap Up! How would you describe North Plainfield to a geographer? Consider: Physical features (water, climate, hills, mountains) People (languages spoken, where they live, jobs, and ethnic background.)

45 Writing Assignment 5-8 sentences per paragraph
Paragraph 1: Your history with North Plainfield (when did you move here? When did your family move here? How long have they lived here? Why did they move here?) Paragraph 2: Physical Geography (1-6 from page 12) Paragraph 3: Human Geography (7-12 from page 12) Paragraph 4: What do you like/dislike about the town’s human and physical geography? What do you like/dislike about the location?

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