Presentation on theme: "BIE Convention June 22, 2010 St. Louis, Missouri"— Presentation transcript:
1U.S. Department of Education Federal Education Priorities and Indian Country BIE ConventionJune 22, 2010 St. Louis, MissouriKevin Jennings Assistant Deputy Secretary Director, Office of Safe & Drug-Free Schools Co- Chair, Dept. of Education AI/AN Education Task Force
2What’s the goal at ED?President Obama: “Produce a higher percentage of college graduates than any other country in the world by the end of the next decade.”
4Reasons for America’s Rise to Power 19th Century: First free public school system in the world 20th Century: GI Bill: Biggest Investment in Higher Ed in History Effects: Created the most educated, knowledgeable citizenry that the world had ever seen.
5Education Determines Earnings Median Earnings for Population Age 25-64 by Education Attainment, 2006 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey PUMS File.
6More Education, Longer Life Source: National Longitudinal Mortality Study,
7The US is Falling Behind in HS Graduation Rates Approximate percentage of persons with high school or equivalent qualifications in the age group 25-64113271Source: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance 2008Year of reference 2004.Including some ISCED 3C short programsYear of reference 2003.
8U.S. : Higher Ed Leader in the Sixties, the Laggard Today Percent of Adults with an Associate Degree or Higher by Age Group - U.S. & Leading OECD CountriesSource: OECD, Education at a Glance 2008
9American Indians Lag Significantly in Graduation Rates Averaged Freshman Graduation Rates, by race/ethnicity,Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data.
10AI/AN Have Highest Drop Out Rates Dropout Rate, by race/ethnicity, 2007-08 Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data.
11Let’s be blunt…Our schools are failing in their obligation to serve American Indian/Alaska Native students
12"Kill the Indian to save the man" Richard HenryPratt
13On November 5, 2009, President Obama signed a memorandum on Tribal Consultation, directing each executive department to develop a detailed plan of action to implement Executive Order on Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments.
14Secretary Duncan initiates first-ever consultations between Department of Education and Tribal Leaders
16Where We Went2009: Listening sessions at Tribal schools in Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota (Secretary Duncan, senior officials).Jan 2010: Meeting with Indian education experts to discuss improving education for Indian students (Secretary Duncan, Senior officials, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar).
17Where We WentMarch 2010: Secretary Duncan held a national teleconference with Tribal leaders regarding ESEA reauthorization.April 2010: Visit to schools at the Cook Inlet Tribal Council in Anchorage, Alaska (Assistant Secretary Thelma Melendez, other senior officials) April 19, 2010: Consultation with Tribal officials in Shawnee, Oklahoma (General Counsel Charlie Rose and Assistant Deputy Secretary Kevin Jennings)
18Where We WentApril 28, 2010: Consultation at Pine Ridge High Schoolon the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota (General Counsel Charlie Rose, Deputy Assistant Secretaries Carl Harris & Frank Chong)May 3, 2010: Consultation at the Santa Clara Day School, Espanola reservation, New Mexico (Under Secretary Martha Kanter, Senior officials)
19Where We are Going June 30, 2010: Navajo Nation (Window Rock, AZ) July 15, 2010: Puyallup Tribe (Puyallup, WA)
20What We Heard: Tribal Education Issues Lack of high-quality, reliable data on AI/AN studentsDilapidated schools - many schools located on reservations are old and never renovatedHigh rates violence, alcohol and drug abuse, and unemploymentDifficulty of teacher recruitment and retentionNeed for “grow your own” teacher programs that train Tribal citizens to teach in their own schools.
21What We Heard: Need Federal-State-Tribal Collaboration Greater collaboration between the Departments of Education and InteriorElevate and fund Tribal Education AgenciesDifficult for Tribes to compete with States for fundingAllow States and Tribes to consider Native languages as foreign languagesIncrease support for Native language programs
22What We are Doing: Goals for ESEA Reauthorization Preparing college- and career-ready studentsSchool Turnaround Grants program ($900 million), from which BIE would receive a share of funds to turn around persistently low-performing schoolsStrengthen Tribal Education Agencies (TEAs) Mechanism to increase Federal-State-Tribal collaborationProvide TEAs with targeted technical assistance and data about Indian students.Great teachers and leaders in every schoolAdministration’s proposal includes $405 million for teacher & leader recruitment and retention programs
23What We are Doing: Goals for ESEA Reauthorization Equity and opportunity for all studentsContinue foundational formula funding in Title I and Title II-A, and formula funding in the Rural Education, Indian Education, and English Learner Education programs.Allow schools serving Indian students to implement locally designed strategies to improve student achievementSupport for Native language restoration and immersion programsGreater flexibility in Indian Education Program (allow Tribes to apply for grants when districts don’t)
24The Trail of Broken Treaties Importance of follow-upThe Trail of Broken TreatiesSince 1787, over 750 land cessions have been authorized by supposed mutual compacts. History demonstrates there was little that was mutual about these "treaties."
25Pine Ridge, South Dakota on April 28, 2010 by Chairman, Taken Alive "We would like to work with you. We don't want to see you work for us anymore, but to work with us, and that's part of the spirit that we talk about is working together."Pine Ridge, South Dakota on April 28, by Chairman, Taken Alive
27President ObamaFew have been more marginalized and ignored by Washington for as long as Native Americans -- our First Americans.We know the history that we share. It's a history marked by violence and disease and deprivation. Treaties were violated. Promises were broken. You were told your lands, your religion, your cultures, your languages were not yours to keep. And that's a history that we've got to acknowledge if we are to move forward.We also know our more recent history; one in which too often, Washington thought it knew what was best for you...I know that you may be skeptical that this time will be any different. You have every right to be …I get it. I'm on your side. I understand what it means to be an outsider…even though our experiences are different, I understand what it means to be on the outside looking in. I know what it means to feel ignored and forgotten, and what it means to struggle. So you will not be forgotten as long as I'm in this White House.
30Kevin.Jennings@Ed.gov 202-245-7830 Keep in Touch!
31CitationsGudzune, Jeffrey R. Long Chain of Abuses: Broken Treaties. Suite 101, 2007.National Longitudinal Mortality Study, Center on Social Disparities in Health, University of CA, San Francisco. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2008.Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance 2008.U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey PUMS File, 2006.U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Common Core of Data: School Year