Presentation on theme: "Occupational Therapy 101: What Is OT?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Occupational Therapy 101: What Is OT? Cindi Kumpf–InternAOTA Public Affairs Office
2 What Is Occupation?Occupations are the “ordinary and familiar things that people do every day” (AOTA, 1995, p. 1015) and consist of many dimensions, including:PerformanceContextTemporalPsychologicalSocial and symbolicSpiritualThe main categories of occupation include work, self-care, play, and leisure.
3 Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy is skilled treatment that helps people become successful in their everyday occupations. Often independence is the goal and can be achieved through:Skilled treatment in rehabilitating lost motor or cognitive functionAdaptive equipmentHome modificationsClient and caregiver guidance
4 Occupational Therapists Work… In these areas: - Physical Rehabilitation - Mental Health Services - Learning Disability - Pediatrics - Environmental Adaptation - Care Management - Equipment for Daily Living - ResearchIn these places: - Community centers - Education establishments - Hospitals - Home Health - Industrial and Commercial organizations- Residential and Nursing homes - Social Services - Schools - Charities and Voluntary agencies
5 OT Within an Interdisciplinary Team Collaborate with physical therapy, speech therapy, nursing, medicine, social workBe a team player!Work closely with team members and sometimes overlap
6 Go TEAM! Team approach offers patient best care Assessments from a variety of perspectivesEach brings different insightsOT helps patients find meaning and purposeUse abilities to participate in occupationsMaximize treatment and outcomesCommunication is key!Advocate for the patient
7 Occupational Therapy Process To begin treatment…we need a physician referral!In an initial evaluation, we look at a patient’s occupational performance and individual goalsWe assess a person’s performance skills related to specific tasks, including one’sMotor skills,Process skills, andCommunication/interaction skills.The culmination of these areas allows an individual to participate in daily life
8 Services Offered ADL and IADL Training ADL stands for “Activities of Daily Living”These can include bathing, dressing, grooming, and other activities that are basic to our daily livesWe assist individuals in improving function through participation in ADL. We may suggest adaptive equipment, provide verbal cues for sequencing, work on problem solving, and assess an individual’s ability to perform ADL safely
9 Services Offered IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living These are more complex activities that we routinely do to take care of ourselves and others and contribute to societyThese may include money management, community mobility, child rearing, and meal preparation
10 CognitionOne of the most important factors in an individual’s return home is his or her ability to be safe within the home environmentWe address cognition as it relates to participation in occupationIs an individual able to problem solve through meal preparation?If not, what sort of external cues might he or she need to be successful?
11 Neuromuscular Re-Education Physical agent modalities, such as Functional Electrical Stimulation, may be used in addition to functional reaching exercises to regain muscle strength and use after a stroke.Gross and fine motor coordination may be compromised after a neurological insult. OTs assist in regaining coordination for functional activities.
12 Upper-Extremity Splinting To increase an individual’s ability to participate in occupations, sometimes splinting intervention is indicated to stabilize the wrist and hand and assist in the healing processWe splint for such conditions as:Carpal TunnelRadial Nerve PalsyTendinitis
13 Home Safety Evaluation Recommendations for Durable Medical Equipment (DME)Some examples include: Wheelchair, walker, bedside commode, shower chair, and caneTips for preventing accidents and fallsColor-code knobs on stove or washer/dryer for people with low visionRemove throw rugs to prevent fallsRecommendations for home modifications to improve safety, security, and independenceRamp constructionBathroom or kitchen modifications for accessibility
14 Work and Community Integration Ergonomic evaluations and recommendations for work and home modificationsDriving evaluationsWork capacity evaluationand work hardening
15 Patient, Family, & Caregiver Education Where is education provided?In a variety of settings such as: Hospice, hospital, rehabilitation, inpatient and outpatient, skilled nursing facility, schools, and home healthWhat is included with patient, family, & caregiver education?Self-treatment or caregiver techniquesADL re-trainingEating, dressing, or personal hygienePrecautions after surgeries (i.e., hip replacement)Use of adaptive equipment for functional activityReacher, sock aid, sliding board for transfersProsthetic trainingPain management
16 Assistive TechnologyAssistive technology is provided for physical, sensory, or cognitive disabilities. Some examples include:Wheelchairs: seating systems and communication boardsLow Vision: magnifiers, enhanced lighting, and color codingAdaptive household equipment is also available for functional needs:Bathing, dressing, grooming, driving,cooking, and other occupations
18 Common Diagnoses (Cont.) Mental HealthPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderAttention Deficit and Hyperactivity DisorderSchizophreniaMajor Depressive DisorderDevelopmental DisabilitiesCerebral PalsyAutism Spectrum DisorderDevelopmental DelaysLearning Disabilities
19 Common Diagnoses (Cont.) Other Common DiagnosesAmputationsHand InjuriesArthritisLow VisionMusculoskeletal TraumaSensory DysfunctionChronic PainLymphedemaBurns
20 Benefits to the Patient Adaptation to environment or restoration of functionAbility to participate more fully in occupationsFaster recoveryImproved quality of lifeEnhanced outcomesPreventionUnnecessary hospital staysWork-related injuries
21 Occupational Therapy Curriculum at Creighton University Entry-Level Clinical Doctorate9 semesters of graduate-level courseworkFour clinical experiences
22 Focus On Theoretical & Clinical Advances Critical Thinking Neuro-OccupationOccupational ScienceEthics and Health PolicyManagement of ServiceSupervision and TeamworkTeaching and Dissemination of KnowledgeCollaborative Research