Presentation on theme: "Formation Comparisons Word order"— Presentation transcript:
1 Formation Comparisons Word order AdjectivesFormationComparisonsWord orderМОУ «Гимназия №3»г.Воркута2010 г.
2 Formation of Adjectives -able (capable of being) – manageable-ful (full of) – boastful-ic – energetic-ive (capable of being) – attractive-ant – hesitant-ible (like -able) – permissible-(i)an (historical period, etc.) – Victorian-ish (having the quantity of) – foolish, reddish-ly (having this quantity) - friendly-ous – humorous-al – occasional-less (lack of) - carelessFormation of AdjectivesSuffixes
3 Formation of Adjectives Compound adjectives as a rule refer to:age – a three-year-old buildingvolume – a two-litre carlength – a twelve-inch rulerprice – a $50 dress (a fifty-dollar dress)weight – a five-kilo bagarea – a fifty-acre farmduration – a four-hour meetingdepth – a six-foot holetime/distance – a ten-minute walkun- - uncooked, unimaginablein- - inhuman, incapableil- - illegal, illegibaleim- - immoral, impracticaldis- - dishonest, disagreeableir- - irresponsible, irregularFormation of AdjectivesPrefixes & Compound Adjectives
4 Formation of Adjectives I’m attracted by this scheme. I find it very attractive.A class of forty can be managed. It’s just about _________.I know I hesitated before agreeing. I couldn’t help being _________.I don’t know where you find all that energy. You’re tremendously ______.This piece of furniture was made in the reign of Victoria. It’s __________.I don’t know how to describe the colour of the sky. It’s almost red, sort of _______.I’ve never met anyone who boasts as he does. He’s extremely ________.What level of radiation can be permitted? How much radiation is ______.The story is full of humour. I’ve rarely read anything that’s so _________.2. manageable 7. boastful3. hesitant 8. permissible4. energetic 9. humorous5. Victorian6. reddishSupply the right adjective forms for the italicized words.Formation of Adjectives
5 Comparisons adjectives comparative superlative Irregular forms good betterthe bestbadworsethe worstlittlelessthe leastmanymuchmorethe mostoldolderelderthe oldestThe eldestfarfartherfurtherthe farthestthe furthestlatelaterthe latestthe lastadjectivescomparativesuperlativeOne syllable & some two syllable words ending in: -y, -er, -ow, -lehotlargenarrowsimple… + -erthe … + esthotter,larger, narrower, simplerthe hottest,the largest,the narrowest, the simplestTwo- or more syllable wordsbeautifulinterestingmore + …the most + …more beautiful, more interestingthe most beautiful,the most interestingComparisons
7 Comparisons Is your house much (further/farther)? Who is the (oldest/eldest) in the class?Your driving is (worse/worst) than mine.It’s the (less/lesser) of two evils.Have you heard the (last/latest) news?We have no (further/farther) information.Jane Sommers writes (good/well).His (latest/last) words were: “The end”.This is the town’s (oldest/eldest) house.My flat is (littler/smaller) than yours.Choose the right form in these sentences. In some sentences both forms are right.Comparisons
8 Comparisons I’ve got (less/lesser) than you. Jane is (older/elder) than I am.This is the (more/most) expensive.His English is (best/better) than mine.It’s the (better/best) in the shop.It’s the (furthest/farthest) point west.It’s the (oldest/eldest) tree in the country.She’s my (older/elder) sister.I’ve got the (least/less)!You’ve got the (more/most)!Choose the right form in these sentences. In some sentences both forms are right.Comparisons
9 Comparisons more kind-hearted (kinder-hearted) more famous the most convenientbetter-read (more well-read)straighter /the straightestbusierhotterthe fewestShe is easy to deal with. I think she is ___ than her sister.I suppose the works of this artist are ___ abroad than in his country.This armchair is ___ of all.He knows a lot. He is ___ than his schoolmates.Let’s take this path. It’s ___.The street you live in is ___ than mine.Days are getting ___ in July.He made ___ mistakes in his class.busyfewfamousconvenientwell-readkind-heartedstraighthotComplete the sentences with the words from the box using the proper degree.Comparisons
10 How to compare things as… as - так(ой)же… как not so/as… as – не такой… какtwice/three times as… as – в два/три раза большеSorry, I’m late. I got here as fast as I could.He is not so/as tall as his father.Petrol is twice as expensive as it was two years ago.How to compare things
11 How to compare things Jane, Ann, charming. He, I, tall. Michael, his brother, strong.The sitting room, the dining room, large.The ice-ream, the cake, delicious.This report, your report, interesting.Our car, their car, good.His stories, his jokes, funny.Your job, his, essential.Her new hat, her skirt, trendy.Make up sentences using ‘as… as’ and the words given.Model: This book is as interesting as that one.How to compare things
12 How to compare things The bus, the train, fast. My flat, her flat, big.His voice, Caruso’s, brilliant.The pond, the river, deep.Your typing, hers, fast.This lecture, that lecture, interesting.This garden, that garden, new.His article, her article, long.Today, yesterday, warm.My cat, yours, naughty.Make up sentences using ‘not so… as’ and the words given.Model: My mother is not so tall as my father.How to compare things
13 How to compare things I have three times as many CDs as Nick has. This TV model costs twice as much as that one.It took me four times as long to get there as it took her.I earn twice as much as she does.This room is twice as little as that one.Model: This book costs $4 and that one costs $2. – This book costs twice as much as that one.Nick has 8CDs and I have 24 CDs.This TV model costs $700 and that one $350.It took me 40 minutes and her 10 minutes to get there.I earn $2000 and she earns $1000.This room is 12m2 and that one is 242.Change the sentences according to the given model.How to compare things
14 How to compare things half as much/many – в два раза меньше half the size – в два раза меньшеhalf my age – в два раза моложеhalf the weight – в два раза легчеThe room is half the size.He is half my age.My case is half the weight of yours.How to compare things
15 How to compare things much - намного far - гораздо a great deal/a lot - значительноa bit/a little - немногоThe Dniper is much longer than the ThamesFirst book is far more interesting than the secondYour room is a great deal better than mineCould you speak a bit/little more slowly?How to compare things
16 How to compare things … a little warmer today than… … a bit more slowly… far more interesting than…… much more comfortable than…… a bit happier.… much bigger.… a lot easier.It’s ___today ___ it was yesterday. (a little/warm)You’re driving too fast. Can you drive ___? (a bit/slowly)I prefer this armchair. It’s ___ the other one. (much/comfortable).You looked depressed this morning but you look ___ now. (a bit/happy)This flat is too small for me. I need something ___. (much/big)It’s ___ to learn a foreign language in the country where it is spoken. (a lot/easy)Use a bit/a little/much/a lot/far to complete the sentences. Use than where necessary.How to compare things
17 How to compare things the most – самый This is the most interesting book…a/0 most (крайне, весьма)This is a most interesting bookThese are most interesting booksMost – большинство, большая частьMost young people are fond of musicMost of my friends live in MoscowHow to compare things
18 How to compare things the more… the better – чем… тем the same… as – такой же… какthan/as me - чемThe warmer the weather the better.Ann gets the same salary as mine.They have more money than us (we have)How to compare things
19 How to compare things The earlier we leave, the sooner we’ll arrive. The longer he waited, the more impatient he became.The more I got to know him, the more I liked him.The more you practise English, the faster you’ll learn.The longer the telephone call, the more you have to pay.The more goods you sell, the more profit you’ll make.ABthe earlier we leavethe faster you’ll learnthe longer he waitedthe more you have to paythe more I got to know himthe sooner we’ll arrivethe more you practise Englishthe more profit you’ll makethe longer the telephone callthe more impatient he becamethe more goods you sellthe more I liked himMatch two parts (A and B) to make sentences with ‘the… the…’.How to compare things
20 Word order opinion fact noun Adjectives like new, large, round, wooden are FACT adjectives. They give objective information about age, size, colour, etc.Adjectives like nice, beautiful are OPINION adjectives. They tell us what someone thinks of something.opinionfactnounA nicesunnydaydelicioushotsoupAn intelligentyoungmanA beautifullarge round woodentableWord orderSometimes we use two or more adjectives together: There was a beautiful large round table in the kitchen.
21 Word order Fact adjectives How big? How old? What colour? Where from? What is it made of?NounA tallyoung-manbigblueeyesA smallblackplasticbagA largeFrenchwoodentableAn oldRussiansongWord orderFact adjectives
22 An expensive old round Victorian handmade oak table opinionExample:An expensive old round Victorian handmade oak tablesizeageshapecolourfrom wheremade ofnounnounWord orderSummary
23 Word order an unusual gold ring a nice old lady a good-looking young manan attractive modern houseblack leather glovesan old American filma large red nosea lovely sunny daya nice hot bathan ugly orange dressa little old red cara small black metal boxa lovely little villagebeautiful long fair hairan interesting old French paintingan unusual ring (gold)an old lady (nice)a good-looking man (young)a modern house (attractive)black gloves (leather)an American film (old)a large nose (red)a sunny day (lovely)a hot bath (nice)an ugly dress (orange)a red car (old/little)a metal box (black/small)a little village (old/lovely)long hair (fair/beautiful)an old painting (interesting/French)Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct positionWord order
24 Word order suede/Italian/new/red/soft/shoes elderly/tall/Englishman oval/Venetian/ancient/valuable/glassshiny/large/expensive/brown/leather/casesquare/wooden/old/nice/tablemodern/stone/large/beautiful/cottageporcelain/tea/blue/thin/old/cupyoung/blonde/handsome/tall/manold/several/English/beautiful/castlespretty/French/young/a lot of/girlsdark blue/best/silk/my/shirtyoung/many/factory/German/workersnew soft red Italian suede shoesa tall elderly Englishmanvaluable ancient oval Venetian glassan expensive shiny large brown leather casea nice old square wooden tablea modern beautiful large stone cottagean old thin blue porcelain tea cupa handsome tall young blonde manseveral beautiful old English castlesa lot of pretty young French girlsmy best dark blue silk shirtmany young German factory workersPut the following adjectives into the correct orderWord order
26 учитель английского языка МОУ «Гимназия №3» г.Воркуты Список источников:English Grammar, Drozdova T., Mailova M., СПб, Триада, 1997Романова Л., Практическая грамматика английского языка, М., Айрис Пресс, 2008Картинки:клипарт загружен сАвторская страничкаЛевенцева Т.А.учитель английского языкаМОУ «Гимназия №3» г.Воркуты2010г.
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