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The Academy and the French Revolution. Raphael, The School of Athens, c. 1510-1512.

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Presentation on theme: "The Academy and the French Revolution. Raphael, The School of Athens, c. 1510-1512."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Academy and the French Revolution

2 Raphael, The School of Athens, c

3 Charles Joseph Natoire, Life Drawing Class at the French Academy, 1746

4 Johann Zoffany, The Academicians of the Royal Academy, Female members of the Royal Academy in London: Angelica Kauffmann, Mary Moser Term: patriarchy

5 Hierarchy of Genres 1)History Painting 2)Portraiture 3)Genre 4)Landscape 5)Still Life

6 Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii,

7 The French Revolution Terms: Estates General, Third Estate

8 David, Oath of the Tennis Court, 1791 Term: Versailles (a royal palace)

9 David, Sketch for the Oath of the Tennis Court, 1791

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11 Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) 1791: slave revolt in Saint-Domingue 1794: National Convention in Paris outlawed slavery in the French colonies

12 Anne-Louis Girodet, Citizen Jean-Baptiste Belley, Ex- Representative of the Colonies, 1797

13 l. “Reynald,” (Raynal) from Johann Kaspar Lavater, Essai sur la physiognomie destiné à faire connoître l’homme et le faire aimer, Term: Physiognomy

14 Anne-Louis Girodet, Citizen Jean-Baptiste Belley, Ex- Representative of the Colonies, 1797

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16 Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Marat, 1793

17 “What have I done to you? Mercy … mercy at least for my life.” Illustration to Pierre Viaud, Naufrage et aventures de M. Pierre Viaud, Natif de Bordeaux, Capitaine de Navire (1770)

18 Anne-Louis Girodet, Citizen Jean-Baptiste Belley, Ex- Representative of the Colonies, 1797

19 Guillaume Guillon Lethière, Oath of the Ancestors, 1822 On right: Jean-Jacques Dessalines On left: Alexandre Pétion

20 Why is the idea of an “oath” so attractive to artists seeking to give form to political change? How does Lethière’s oath scene compare to those of David? What role does the luminous figure of God play in this picture? Where are the women? What does the image have to say about gender? How would you compare the figures of Dessalines and Pétion to Girodet’s Belley?


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