2The welfare state operates in 5 main areas: educationsocial securitycommunity carehealthhousing
3Vocabulary available to receive benefit to pay allowance welfareinsurancesecurityincome (on low -)a feetaxcontributionto receiveto payto provide (with/for)to claimto be entitled toto have a right to
4Great Britain is a Welfare State GB has a system of ensuring the welfare of its citizens by means of social services, provided by the state.At the national level the Government is responsible for the National Health Service, National Insurance and Social Security.The system of National Insurance and Social Security provide financial help for different categories of citizens.
5What is the National Health Service? The NHS is a public service providing medical care, paid for by taxes. The services provided by NHS include family doctors, dentists, opticians, health centres, clinics, health education, ambulance services and others. Everybody has the right to use the medical services.
6What does National Insurance mean? The NI is a system of compulsory payments made by employees and employers to enable the State to provide assistance to people who are ill, unemployed or retired: National Insurance contributions.The social services are organized services providing help and advice to the community, esp. health, education, and housing.
7What categories of citizens are entitled to social payments? people who have a disease, illnesspeople who are not able to workpeople who do not workpeople up to 18people whose husband (wife) has diedpeople who haven’t enough moneypeople who don't work because of their age.people who are old
8Субстантивированное прилагательное (the + adj) the sick = sick peoplethe disabled = disabled peoplethe unemployed, the joblessthe youngthe widowedthe poorthe retiredthe elderly
9Complete the sentences _____ are entitled to a child benefit._____ live below poverty level._____ have got medical service at a reduced price.A state pension is paid to _______._____ lost their wives or husbands.
10What benefits do people receive? state/retirement pensionwidow’s pensionmaternity paychild benefitunemployment benefitfamily creditinvalidity pensionmobility allowance
11Who receive these benefits? a person who is unable to work after a sickness periodfamilies with children who have very low incomesdisabled people to pay for transportwomen who leave work to have a babya person who is out of work for up to a yeareach child until he/she leaves schoolretired people/pensionerswomen whose husbands die before they retire if they are aged 45 or over