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Welcome to Seminar 5 We’ll begin on time. Meanwhile, have fun chatting. The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to Seminar 5 We’ll begin on time. Meanwhile, have fun chatting. The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to Seminar 5 We’ll begin on time. Meanwhile, have fun chatting. The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world's problems. Mahatma Gandhi

2 It’s SHOWTIME !!!!!!!! Welcome to Seminar #5 How is everyone today? How was your week?

3 Unit 5 Overview Overcoming Obstacles: Facing Fears and Being Enough Joseph Campbell found that for the hero, the most essential tools were inside him or her. In other words, what helpers, amulets, and elixirs could not provide was a sense of determination. The aids could only help; the hero must find it in the self to complete the journey. Now is a great time to return to our Unit 1 video introduction to the hero’s journey. Consider watching it again. It is linked here.

4 Unit 5 Reading In addition to the content in the scenario linked below, please become familiar with the concepts in chapters 18 and 20 of The Kaplan Guide to Successful Writing. This week, we have a tale of two Murrays. “Million Dollar Murray” was written by Malcolm Gladwell, and it looks at the problem of homelessness, specifically how resources for the homeless (in this case, a man named Murray Barr who came to be respected in his community while being homeless himself) may be misdirected. After all, Gladwell invites us to ask, if we did something to prevent homelessness, couldn’t we save money, time, energy, resources, and lives? Read about “Million Dollar Murray” via this Kaplan Library link:LINK DOESN”T WORK…Need to go to KU library and find aticle on Master Premiere Database Second, we have Liz Murray. She faced nearly every problem you could think of: abuse, poverty, neglect, hunger, addiction, homelessness, and still other obstacles remained. It would have been nice if someone had plucked her out of these desperate situations, but Liz was on her own. So, how did she rise above her circumstances to attend Harvard University? Read about Liz Murray’s incredible journey here: and watch her speak about her journey at

5 Unit 5 Discussion or this discussion, follow the directions below and keep in mind that you must respond to the ideas as instructed in one posting and then respond to at least two classmates’ postings. Do not take any shortcuts; give your ideas the attention they deserve. Use the discussion rubric to be sure you work meets or exceeds expectations. Think about the distinct points of view in these two articles. Both Murrays face the same problem, but their perspectives are worlds apart. Consider this: how would Liz Murray define homelessness versus Murray Barr’s definition of homelessness? What can you identify that made their seemingly similar paths diverge? Support your ideas with references back to reading materials and video to back up your claims.

6 Second Person For academic writing, do not use the words “you” or “your” unless they are part of a direct quotation. This rule will apply to all of the essays, including the informative essay.

7 Do Not “Speak” Directly to Your Readers Writers who use "you" are speaking directly to their readers. For example, let's say you are writing about education and children. If you say, "You should have more say in your children's education," you are speaking to the reader. This might work if you were writing an article intended to be read by parents of younger children. They may relate to your talking to them.

8 However, if your readers are more general, they will not relate to "you." If they do not have younger children, "you" does not apply to them. Instead, talk about your topic and say, "Parents should have more say in their children's education." The reader will understand that you are talking about PARENTS, not about the reader. Who Are Your Readers?

9 In general, do not use first person pronouns (I, me, my, mine, we, our, us). Use first person pronouns ONLY when relating a personal experience or as part of a direct quotation. AVOID using YOU or any form of YOU. See pronoun handout. The essay is about the topic, not about you, so take yourself out of the essay. Do not say "I think" OR "I believe" OR "In my opinion" OR "In my research I found" OR any other statement that talks about you.

10 On the other hand… You can, however, use PERSONAL EXPERIENCES as a form of proof to support your thesis. If you wanted to emphasize a point about airport security, you might say, – For example, the last time I was going on a trip, I accidentally packed a pair of nail scissors. When my bag went though the X-ray, the security agent spotted them, opened my bag, and removed the scissors.

11 That would be an appropriate use of first person ("I"). If my thesis was "Parents should have more say in their children's education," I might illustrate a point in the essay with a personal example about when my children were young. That would be an appropriate use of first person.

12 What is Plagiarism?

13 Plagiarism is taking someone else's work, words, or ideas and presenting them as if they were your own. Work includes original ideas, strategies, and research, art, graphics, computer programs, music, and other creative expression.

14 Is Plagiarism Wrong? Why or why not?

15 Consequences of Plagiarism 1. Job loss * Reporters for the New York Times have lost their jobs because they plagiarized articles. * A professor at the University of Colorado was investigated for plagiarism and lost his job. * A Florida judge plagiarized on a military exam and may have lost his military rank.

16 2) Legal Problems Actor Michael Douglas sued a Florida company for using his image to make money. He asked that all profits from the use of his picture be given to him. Dan Brown, the author of the DaVinci Code, was sued by the authors of Holy Blood, Holy Grail, who claim Brown took ideas from their book. Brown, however, was cleared of the plagiarism charge. Former President Jimmy Carter has been accused of plagiarizing his new book. A number of his advisors quit because of this allegation.

17 3) Failing a class or being expelled Being accused of plagiarism can have severe consequences. You may receive a zero for your work; you may get an F for the class, or you may even be expelled from the school. Most students do not intended to plagiarize, but the rules of documentation can be very confusing. It is important to learn how to use borrowed material correctly so you can avoid the consequences listed above.

18 How Can You Avoid Plagiarism?

19 There are two ways to avoid plagiarism 1) Put quotation marks around any quoted material and cite. ( ) 2) Use mostly your words and ideas. – When you are writing an essay, most of the words in the essay should be your own words, and most of the ideas in the essay should also be your own.

20 You do research to support or "prove" your ideas. You borrow an author's words sparingly, using only enough to prove your point. You may be thinking, "But this is a research paper, so how can I use my own words and ideas?" – The best way to do that is by discussing the information that you find. – Give the reader your ideas about the information; don't just "parrot" back what someone else has written.

21 Has anyone heard of Turnitin.com?

22 Problems with Paraphrasing Turnitin.com is an online site that checks student essays for plagiarism. I submit all of your essays to Turnitin.com, not because I am trying to "catch" you doing something wrong, but because I want to help you learn to quote and paraphrase correctly.

23 Using Borrowed Material By the time you have completed this class, I want you to feel comfortable using borrowed material. I want you to feel sure that you know how to use borrowed material correctly. By turning your work into Turnitin.com, I can see if you are making errors, and then I can point those errors out. You, in turn, can learn how to correct any errors and avoid them in the future.

24 Poor Paraphrasing Since most errors found by Turnitin.com concern poor paraphrasing, I want to go over in more detail what you can not do in a paraphrase. When you paraphrase, you must change all of the important words and the sentence structure (order in which the words appear). You can not take a few words from one sentence and a few more from another sentence and glue them together as your own.

25 The words in capital letters are the same in both paragraphs. Original Quotation : "IN THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS, for example, in this living laboratory and on this testing ground, WE watched and witnessed SOME OF OUR comrades behave LIKE swine WHILE OTHERS behaved LIKE saints. MAN HAS BOTH potentialities within HIMSELF; WHICH ONE is actualized DEPENDS ON DECISIONS but NOT on CONDITIONS" (Frankl, 1984, p. 135). Bad Paraphrase : IN THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS, WE saw SOME OF OUR friends act LIKE pigs WHILE OTHERS acted LIKE angels. It is a fact that MAN HAS BOTH possibilities WITHIN HIMSELF. Therefore, WHICH ONE he becomes DEPENDS ON DECISIONS NOT ON CONDITIONS. (Frankl, 1984, p. 135)

26 The paraphrase from the last screen would be considered to be plagiarism. Even though the writer changed some of the words, many of the words come directly from the original as does the sentence structure and word order. Therefore, it would be considered plagiarism even though the material was cited.

27 Review of the Rules for Using Borrowed Material 1)Use quotes sparingly, but any time you use someone else's words, you must put them in quotation marks. 2)Paraphrase and summarize as an alternative to quoting. However, if you paraphrase, you must still document. 3)When you paraphrase or summarize, change ALL the words, not just one or two of them. 4)Give credit in two places: in the text and on the Reference Page. 5) When in doubt, cite.

28 Reminders If you post after midnight Tuesday, me your postings. I do not go back and check previous weeks for late postings, so you will not get credit if you do not them to me. – Label late postings as to lesson and question and which class you are in. To get a higher grade in seminar, prepare answers to questions that I post on the Announcement Board (Course Home Page).

29 Writing Tip: Titles of Articles Within the text, capitalize the first letter of the words of the title of an article: – Doctors Are Over-prescribing Psychiatric Medication to Children. On the reference page, capitalize only the first letter of the first word in the title of an article: – Doctors are over-prescribing psychiatric medication to children. – Notice how only the first letter of the word DOCTORS is capitalized. The rest of the words in the title are all lower case.

30 Within the text, place the title of articles within quotation marks: – "Doctors Are Over-prescribing Psychiatric Medication to Children" On the reference page, do not use quotation marks: Diller, L. (2004). Doctors are over- prescribing psychiatric medication to children.


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