Word File Sentence Patterns Expansion Writing Practice
Word File I. V + mentN accomplishmentdevelopment improvementachievement entertainmentrequirement announcementexcitement attachment
Word File II. Expressions related to memory 1.have a good memory(for…) 記性好 2. have a bad / poor /short memory(for…) 記性差 3. A person of quick memory 記性很好的人 He has a good memory for locations. My grandfather has a poor memory for the past events. My landlord is a person of good memory.
4. do something from memory 憑記憶做某事 5. something slips one’s memory 某人一時記不得某事 6. if (one’s) memory serves one (well/right) 如果某人記得沒錯 Back
Expansion I. A Memory Test II. Listen and Answer III. Memory system
I. Memory Test 1. Mrs. Wang went shopping for her family. Before she did, she made a list of the things she was going to buy: apples beef bread eggs fish milk pork vegetables
2. Jean likes one of the dresses in the department store very much, but she can't decide which of the following colors to choose: I. Memory Test black blue green pink red violet white yellow
I. Memory Test 3. Yesterday my parents took me to the zoo and I had fun there. In the zoo, I saw a lot of different animals. I saw: bears cranes elephants foxes owls peacocks sheep tortoises
I. Memory Test 4. Kent isn’t good at math and seems to have trouble with the following numbers when doing his homework: ( ) + ( ) + ( ) + ( ) + ( ) + ( ) = ( ) 12 34 65 879 367 458 1815
II. Listen and Answer Answer the following questions.
( ) 1. How many different kinds of memory are there? (A) Two. (B) Three. (C) Four. A
( ) 2. How can your short-term memory help you? (A) It helps you spell English words correctly. (B) It helps you remember a phone number for a little while. (C) It helps you memorize new words you find in your reading. B
( ) 3. With your long-term memory, what can you do? (A) You can remember everything you come across every day. (B) You can remember things every day and forget most of them. (C) You can remember your friend's phone number for a long time. C
( ) 4. Why do we often forget the names of the new people we have just met? (A) Because we didn’t have time to memorize their names. (B) Because we didn’t try to memorize their names. (C) Because we didn’t hear their names clearly. B
III. Memory System Psychologists divide a person’s memory system into three types. Each of them has a different time span ( 持續時間 ).These types are called sensory memory, short- term memory, and long-term memory.
Sensory memory holds information for only one second, sometimes two. For example, when you look at a picture of a mountain, a clear image of the mountain is stored briefly in your visual sensory memory. The image disappears quickly. But if you make an active effort to think about the image, it will become your short-term memory. Sensory memory Short-term memory Long-term memory
Short-term memory contains what you actively think about at any particular time. It can hold a fact for as long as you think about it. You use short-term memory when you look up a telephone number and repeat it to yourself until you dial it. Unless you continually repeat this information to yourself, it will fade after about 20~30 seconds. Sensory memory Short-term memory Long-term memory
Short-term memory will become long-term memory when you encode them in your brain. Long-term memory can store facts, ideas, and experiences after you stop thinking about them. Long-term memory includes a lot of information, some of which lasts a lifetime. Sensory memory Short-term memory Long-term memory
All conscious processing of information such as when you think or when you solve problems involves short-term memory working together with long-term memory. Psychologists refer to this combination as working memory. Sensory memory Short-term memory Long-term memory Back
Use Proper Transitional Expressions
Transitional expressions serve as bridges between sentences or parts of sentences. Conjunctive adverbs : however therefore moreover Transitional phrases : for example in other words as a matter of fact
Contrasting ideas however, instead, on the other hand Showing cause and effect as a result, consequently, thus, so, therefore Showing time orderat last, finally, meanwhile, next, then, thereafter Illustrating for example, for instance Showing further stagesmoreover, besides, in addition FunctionsTransitional Expressions
so thus yet then moreover for example Exercise A : Experts have suggested many effective tips for memory improvement. Mental pictures, __(1)__, are one of them. They help organize the order of the events and __(2)__ make it easier to remember a story. Another
so thus yet then moreover for example Exercise A : useful tip is note-taking. Research has shown that taking notes strengthens the memory; __(3)__, written notes are not always reliable. They can be messy and unrecognizable ( 無法辨認 ) if written in a hurry. Make sure your
so thus yet then moreover for example Exercise A : handwriting is nice and clear __(4)__ your notes will be good for later use. __(5)__, remember to organize and rewrite the notes as soon as possible and __(6)__ use them as often as you can.
Exercise B Combine the following pairs into a sentence by using the given transitional expressions. They serve good food at that restaurant. They don’t wait on you very well. 1. (on the other hand) They serve good food at that restaurant; on the other hand, they don’t wait on you very well.
Exercise B Combine the following pairs into a sentence by using the given transitional expressions. He is not a man to listen to others. It would be a waste of time to reason with him. 2. (therefore) He is not a man to listen to others; therefore, it would be a waste of time to reason with him.
Exercise B Combine the following pairs into a sentence by using the given transitional expressions. Planes are more comfortable than cars. They are faster. 3. (besides) Planes are more comfortable than cars; besides, they are faster.
Exercise B Combine the following pairs into a sentence by using the given transitional expressions. Do what you are told. You will be punished. 4. (otherwise) Do what you are told; otherwise, you will be punished.
Exercise B Combine the following pairs into a sentence by using the given transitional expressions. I planned to visit you this morning. A friend of mine called on me. 5. (however) I planned to visit you this morning; however, a friend of mine called on me. Back