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1 ABS System Presentation IKCO Samand. 2 Table of Contents... Introduction TEVES MK20 MANDO.

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Presentation on theme: "1 ABS System Presentation IKCO Samand. 2 Table of Contents... Introduction TEVES MK20 MANDO."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ABS System Presentation IKCO Samand

2 2 Table of Contents... Introduction TEVES MK20 MANDO

3 3 Samand Locking Driver are familiar with the consequences of wheels locking, due to braking too hard for road surface adherence conditions: The braking distance is longer, There is no lateral guidance: -The locked rear wheels often start to skid causing a spin, -The locked front wheels lose their steer ability, the vehicle continues straight ahead. There is abnormal tyre wear, There is an increased risk of accident. Even an experienced driver, in an extreme case, can lose control over the type and intensity of his braking. Only an automatic control system can prevent the wheels from locking. But to anticipate locking, the system must be able to continually analyse the changes in the speed of each of the wheels, and to do so, it uses sensors. Introduction… The Consequences Of Wheels Locking: Longer stopping distance No lateral guidance Tyre Wear ACCIDENT

4 4 Samand TEVES MK20… 1. Operation Graph : When the Vehicle is moving, the ABS ECU continuously monitors the Wheel Speed Data received from the Wheel Sensors and calculates the Reference Speed ( VREF ) Based on the Reference Speed, the Wheel Slip Threshold ( ) can then be determined based on internal programmed maps If, under braking situations, any of the vehicle wheel speeds drop below the Reference Speed (VREF), the ABS ECU will automatically control the braking pressure in the system via the ARU hydraulic block assembly.

5 5 Samand TEVES MK20… 2. Influence EBD system in ABS system:

6 6 Samand TEVES MK20… 3. ABS ECU and Additional Regulation Unit: ( 1 ) Re-injection pump. ( 2 ) Hydraulic block. ( 3 ) ABS ECU + solenoid valves. ( 4 ) Pipes. 4

7 7 Samand TEVES MK20… 4. Location Of ABS ECU and Additional Regulation Unit :

8 8 Samand These are used to give the wheel speed information to the ABS electronic control unit (ECU), depending on which is fitted, in order to anticipate regulation in order to prevent the wheels from locking. To acquire the wheel speeds, inductive sensors are used which measure the speed of each of the vehicle wheels on a toothed or magnetic pulse wheel. TEVES MK20… 5. Wheel Speed Sensors:

9 9 Samand Two-pole sensors have the advantage of delivering a stronger signal than a signal-pole sensor, and are less sensitive to out-of-round *. Furthermore, in order to obtain higher sensor sensitivity, the teeth on the pulse wheel must be such that a tooth is opposite one pole while the flat is opposite the other pole. A two-pole sensor can be compared to a sensor composed of two permanent magnets each of which has a winding. The aim is to filter spurious signals caused by pole gap vibration. Out-of-round: pulse wheel axis off-centre in relation to the wheel axis witch causes variations in the gap over one rotation. TEVES MK20… 6. Inductive Sensors:

10 10 Samand ( 1 ) Permanent magnet. ( 2 ) Pole piece. ( 3 ) Winding. ( 4 ) Sensor body. ( 5 ) Cogged wheel. ( 6 ) Looped magnetic. TEVES MK20… 6. Inductive Sensors:

11 11 Samand TEVES MK20… 7. Inductive Sensors (front): Radial reading.

12 12 Samand TEVES MK20… 7. Inductive Sensors (front): Location of sensors.

13 13 Samand TEVES MK20… 7. Inductive Sensors (front): Air gap: 0.8 – 1.2 mm

14 14 Samand TEVES MK20… 8. Inductive Sensors (rear): Axial reading.

15 15 Samand TEVES MK20… 8. Inductive Sensors (rear): Location of sensors.

16 16 Samand TEVES MK20… 8. Inductive Sensors (rear): Air gap 0.8 – 1.2 mm

17 17 Samand Measuring the signal with an oscilloscope at low speed: The signal from these sensors may be tested by connecting an oscilloscope or AC voltmeter between its two conductors and turning the wheel. To test the condition of the sensor, its resistance must be measured on its connector terminals. TEVES MK20… 9. Testing the inductive sensors:

18 18 Samand Measuring the signal with an oscilloscope at high speed: The signal amplitude and frequency increase in proportion to the wheel rotation speed. TEVES MK20… 9. Testing the inductive sensors:

19 19 Samand To diagnosis and bleeding should be use diagnosis tools. TEVES MK20… 10. Bleeding:

20 20 Samand In the event of a ABS function fault. TEVES MK20… 11. Warning light:

21 21 Samand In the event of a Electronic Braking Distribution (EBD) fault TEVES MK20… 11. Warning light:

22 22 Samand MANDO… 1. Review of accommodation: Passive SensorActive sensor Power supplierN/RProvided from battery via ECU TypeInductiveHall effect Air gap0.8 – 1.2 mm0.5 – 1.5 mm Output Voltage / variable amplitude (dependant at vehicle speed) Current / pulse (independent at vehicle speed) I – V conversionN/RRequired Protection circuitN/RRequired Low speed output characteristics 2KPH Min.0.14KPH Min.

23 23 Samand ( 1 ) Re-injection pump. ( 2 ) Hydraulic block. ( 3 ) ABS ECU + solenoid valves. MANDO… 2. ABS ECU and Additional Regulation Unit: 1 2 3

24 24 Samand MANDO… 2. ABS ECU and Additional Regulation Unit: ( 1 ) Screw. ( 2 ) Motor. ( 3 ) Bearing. ( 4 ) HCU block. ( 5 ) Piston pump. ( 6 ) LPA. ( 7 ) Electrical valve. ( 8 ) Electrical valve winding. ( 9 ) ECU. (10) Screw.

25 25 Samand ( A ) Magnetic target. ( B ) Sensitive element. ( C ) Permanent magnet. ( D ) Integrated magnet sensor. MANDO… 3. Hall effect sensors operation:

26 26 Samand A pulse is produced by passing magnetic target from in front of the sensors. MANDO… 3. Hall effect sensors operation:

27 27 Samand When the resistance increases, the intensity decreases. MANDO… 3. Hall effect sensors operation:

28 28 Samand When the resistance decreases, the intensity increases. MANDO… 3. Hall effect sensors operation:

29 29 Samand Alternating magnetic poles hence alternating intensity. MANDO… 3. Hall effect sensors operation:

30 30 Samand MANDO… 4. Internal diagram of the sensor:

31 31 Samand Radial reading. Air gap: 0.5 – 1.5 mm MANDO… 5. Hall effect sensors (front):

32 32 Samand Axial reading. Air gap: 0.5 – 1.5 mm MANDO… 6. Hall effect sensors (rear):

33 33 Samand Classic target. MANDO… 7. Dynamic integrated magnet sensors (front):

34 34 IKCO Samand … The End Questions ?


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