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Complete Quiz You have 10 minutes to complete the quiz The Quiz is Open-Book (use it) Get help from your neighbor

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Quiz Review

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1) Open Circuit d) A circuit with the switch turned to off or a circuit with any break A circuit (a circle) must be complete for the switch to be “on” if there is any break or open spot, it is an “open circuit”.

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2) Closed Circuit f) A circuit with the switched turned on, or a completed circuit. A circuit (a circle) must be complete for the switch to be “on” if there are no breaks, it is a closed circle, or “closed circuit”

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3) Battery a) A device using chemical energy to push current in a circuit. A battery acts as a pump to push electrons through a circuit. In the last unit, we learned that a battery is a source of potential (stored) electrical enerergy.

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4) Resistance e) The ability to resist current flow. This is a property of materials that resists current flow, much like a kink in a hose or a bottle neck resists the flow of water. A resistor reduces the pressure (voltage) of the water flowing through it.

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5) Resistor h) In a circuit diagram, an object that uses electrical energy is usually represented by one of these. Any object, a bulb, a toaster, a piece of electronics can be a resistor.

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6) Ohm’s Law c) The mathematical relationship between current, voltage and resistance. Ohm’s law is represented by the equation: V = I x R, or I=V/R, or R = V/I

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7) Conductor g) An object through which electricity passes easily Any passage of electricity is said to be conduction. If it is easy, then the object or material is a conductor.

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8) Insulator b) An object that conducts electricity poorly Any passage of electricity is said to be conduction. If it does NOT conduct electricity easily, then it is an INSULATOR.

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Question 9 A microwave uses a current of 4 amps to heat Mr. Franz’s coffee, The voltage in the wall outlet is 120 volts. Calculate the resistance of the microwave. Look at what we want, R R= V/I R=120 V / 4 A R=30 (ohms)

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Question 10 A light bulb needs 2 amps to produce light. If the resistance of the bulb is 3 ohms, how many 1.5 volt batteries do you need to make it light? Look at what we want, V V=I x R V = 2A x 3 V = 6 V If each battery is 1.5 V, then we need 4 of them

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Question 11/12 The diagram below pictures three identical light bulbs, each with a resistance of 1 ohm, which are connected by resistance-free wires. A 9-volt battery supplies energy to the circuit. The total resistance for the circuit shown in the figure is: Look at what we want, R For a series circuit, we just add the resistance R T = R 1 +R 2 +R 3 = 1 +1 +1 = 3

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Question 13/14 The current for the circuit shown is: The voltage drop across each light bulb above is ____ volt(s).

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Question 15 Suppose you connect more and more light bulbs in series to a battery. What happens to the brightness of each bulb as you add more bulbs?

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Question 16 The current in a series circuit:

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Question 17 The current in a series circuit ( is always the same / may be different ) in different parts of the circuit.

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Question 18 The voltage in a series circuit ( is always the same / may be different ) in different parts of the circuit.

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Question 19 The current in a parallel circuit ( is always the same / may be different ) in different branches of the circuit.

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Question 20 The voltage in a parallel circuit ( is always the same / may be different ) in different branches of the circuit.

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Question 21 If each resistor is 2-ohms, what is the voltage drop across each resistor in the diagram below: What are we looking for?

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Question 22 The voltage drop across each resistor in the circuit below is ____ volt(s). What are we looking for?

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Question 23 The current in each resistor in the circuit is ____ ampere(s). The total current is ____ amps. What are we looking for? I = V/R This is a parallel circuit, so V is the same everywhere.

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Question 24 What is the voltage drop across each resistor? What are we looking for? V This is a parallel circuit, so V is the same everywhere.

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The Control of Electricity in Circuits

The Control of Electricity in Circuits

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