# Emitter-Coupled Logic

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Emitter-Coupled Logic
INEL 4207

Differential Pair as basic element of ECL

Simplified ECL Inverter
Example: Select R so that Vo= -1.5V. Use IEE= 0.1mA.

ECL with Resistor Biasing
Example: Find R and R3 if VEE= VEE2=−5.2V, VL=−1.3V, IEE= 300μA and IEE2= 100μA.

Example: Use the above circuit design an ECL gate for which VH=−1
Example: Use the above circuit design an ECL gate for which VH=−1.7V and VL=−2.3V . The average power dissipation should be less that 2mW. The supply voltage is −5.2V . Neglect the base currents.

Find VR if vD1= vD2 vD2= vBE= 0.75V. Neglect iB

Figure Basic circuit of the ECL 10K logic-gate family tp≈1ns, the time it takes light to travel 1 foot.

Practice Problem For previous circuit, find
IE through RE if A and B are left open. Also find vC, QR and vCA,B. Use VR= -1.32V, VBE=0.75V and a very large β.

Figure The proper way to connect high-speed logic gates such as ECL. Properly terminating the transmission line connecting the two gates eliminates the “ringing” that would otherwise corrupt the logic signals. (See Section )

Figure 14.28 Simplified version of the ECL gate for the purpose of finding transfer characteristics.

Practice Problems Find VOL and VOH (neglect iC of QR) if β=100. Then find NMH and NML if VIL and VIH are defined as the conditions for which IE, QR/IE, QA= 99 and vice-versa.

Figure 14.30 Circuit for determining VOH
VOH= -0.88V. Take into account base current and variations in vBE. Assume that at iC= 1mA, vBE= 0.75V Figure Circuit for determining VOH

Figure 14.29 The OR Transfer Characteristic vOR vs vI, for the circuit in fig. 14.28

Figure 14.31 The NOR Transfer Characteristic

Circuit for finding vNOR vs vI for the range vI>VIH

Figure Equivalent circuit for determining the temperature coefficient of the reference voltage VR d=-2mV/C

∆VOL= -0.43δ Figure 14.34 Equivalent circuit for determining the temperature coefficient of VOL

Figure 14.35 Equivalent circuit for determining the temperature coefficient of VOH.

Figure 14.36 The wired-OR capability of ECL

Figure P14.30

Figure P14.39

For the ECL inverter shown in the following sketch, the high voltage level is VH = −1.7V and the average power dissipated when the input is high 50% of the time is P =5mW. Determine the source’s current IEE, the low voltage level VL, the reference voltage level VREF and the value of resistance R3

Find VL, VH and VREF for the following circuit
Find VL, VH and VREF for the following circuit. Neglect base currents and assume VBE=0.7V if a transistor is ON.