Presentation on theme: "Get it right Don’t confuse these words…. “Accident” or “incident” An accident is something that happens unexpectedly or by chance, especially something."— Presentation transcript:
“Accident” or “incident” An accident is something that happens unexpectedly or by chance, especially something unpleasant, undesirable. An incident is an event, especially one of relatively minor importance. It’s not necessarily unexpected or unpleasant. It is also used more specifically to denote a really minor hostile act, for example, a protest, an attack, a clash between small number of troops. By accident is used in the same sense as accidentally. Incidental means occurring as an occasional part, accompanying but not forming an essential part. Incidentally means by the way. 1.Her father was killed in a car …. 2.There were several amusing … during the journey. 3.She told us about an … in her childhood which had made a deep impression on her. 4. He had an … at work. A brick fell on him and injured his shoulder. 5. There was a serious railway … near London yesterday. 6. The Conservative candidate was shouted down in an … at last night’s election meeting. 7. The … in the restaurant showed Brian’s character very clearly. 8. A bomb exploded in a department store in Londonderry yesterday. No one was killed but several people were injured in the …. accident incidents incident accident incident
Big/ large/ great Big/large may be used to denote simply size. Big is more colloquial than large. They can be used in reference to people. Large means not only tall but broad. Big means important, significant, emotional. Large is used in certain expressions of quantity. Great means large size or extent, high quality, splendid, wonderful. 1.We shall need a … room for the meeting. 2.He was a … man. 3.This suitcase isn’t … enough. 4.Some farmers rent farms from … landowners. 5.The new law will be very unpopular with … business. 6.He inherited a … amount of money from his uncle. 7.She is a … theatre-goer. 8.This … day arrived at last. big big/large big large big/great great
A short test 1. incident/accident A) You left the key of your front door. B) There is a confrontation between some strikers and the police. C) Some workmen are injured by falling bricks. D) During the performance of “Hamlet” a cat walked onto the stage. E) A bomb was explored in central London in rush hours. F) A friend of yours drops tea on the book which you have lent him. Check: A)- incident, B)- incident, C)- accident, D)- incident, E)- accident, F)- incident. 2. big/large/great a.He is a … eater. b.The … Fire of London was in 1666. c.Mr. Brown grew up in a … city. d.These shoes are too … for me. e.The room was … enough to place all our furniture there. f. You must take … care of the book, it’s very valuable. Keys: a.Great b.Great c.Big d.Big e.Large f.Great
«казаться» “Appear/seem” in the imperfect aspect Appear means “to give an impression of being” more often in a formal style. Seem is more widely used. Eg. 1) She seems/appear to be happy. 2) It seemed/appeared that there was (had been) an accident. Don’t confuse with “I think/ I believe” I think/believe he was born in Moscow. I think/believe she ‘s written a new book. I think/believe it’s time to go (start, etc.)
«оказаться» as “turn out/prove” in the perfect aspect. Prove is more formal and less widely used 1.He turned out/proved to be right. 2.She turned out/proved to be a famous actress. 3.It turned out that our friends had left.
Она, кажется, довольна. Кажется, Юра болен. Без мебели комната казалась просторнее. Ребёнок, кажется, спит. Мне показалось, что она что-то скрывает. Оказалось, что они уже знакомы. Обещанный дворец оказался одноэтажным домиком. Казалось, дождь никогда не кончится. Он, оказывается только вчера приехал. Молодой человек оказался коллегой моего отца. She seems/appears to be satisfied. Yura seems/appears to be ill. The room seemed/appeared to be more spacious without the furniture. The baby seems to be sleeping. I thought/believe she kept something from me. They turned out/proved to be acquainted. The promised palace turned out to be a one-storey shelter. The rain seemed never end/stop. He turned out to have come yesterday. The young man turned out to be my father’s colleague.
REFUSE / REJECT / REPUDIATE Отказать кому-то, отвергнуть кого-либо/что-либо, не соглашаться “Reject” отличается от “refuse” большей категоричностью: He told me how he had expected them to reject him after the interview. She might refuse him. “Reject” выражает решительный отказ согласится с чем-то, а ”repudiate”указывает ещё и на то, что отвергаемое (идея, система и т.п.) неприемлемо, вызывает осуждение или возмущение. …to reject/repudiate a doctrine …to reject the theory of suicide …to repudiate one’s former friends …to refuse one’s proposal
1. What had given her the strength to ______ him this time was the tale of the widow (вдова) told by the dairyman. (Th. Hardy) 2. Immediately her mind formulated the idea, her heart indignantly _______ it… (A. J. Cronin) 3. Suppose Christine didn’t love him? He saw himself ______. (A. J. Cronin) 4. Had not all the other places ________ her because she didn’t know something or other? (Th. Dreiser) Fill in the gaps with the words “refuse/reject/repudiate”. refuse repudiated rejected