2BackgroundPaul Ekman– Leading researcher in facial expression and emotionEkman/Friesen conducted similar studies beforeCollege students exposed to other culturesDo facial expressions correspond universally to basic emotions?
3ExperimentEkman/Friesen traveled to the Southeast Highlands of New Guinea to find subjects among the Fore people (Stone Age society)189 adults, 130 children out of 11,000Never seen a movie, lived elsewhere, spoke English, been outside the country, or experienced western cultureEkman/Friesen wrote stories and the subjects were asked to identify which story corresponded with which face (western faces of men, women, children all used)
4ResultsNo differences between men and women, or adults and children, in identifying emotionThe distinguishing between fear and surprise was the most missed connectionThe general results:Adult average correct: 75.8 %Children average correct: 89.6%
5DiscussionWith cultural differences, facial expressions of emotions are universal.Facial expressions for emotion appear to be innate, rather than learned (and not culture specific)Through evolution, humans developed the ability to identify potentially threatening emotions (anger) more easily
6Recent ApplicationsRecent studies found that children with autism appear to have difficulty recognizing facial expressionsEkman’s studies played a fundamental role in cross- cultural psychology researchEyebrows are the most important facial feature when determining emotion
7ConclusionFacial Feedback Theory: The expression on your face feeds information to your brain to help you interpret the emotion you are feelingFacial expressions may indicate lying