The combined aspects form four learning “styles”: Sensing Intuition Thinking Feeling Interpersonal Self-Expressive Mastery Understanding
A completely balanced learning style profile: I, M, U, and S all = 56.25 (range 0 - 125) 25 InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING 56.25
The average learning style profile for all subjects combined: I=58.8, M=53.8, U=64.2, and S=48 25 InterpersonalMastery Understanding Self-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING 56.25
subject with lowest I-score: I=18, M=81, U=107, and S=19 25 InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING 56.25
subject with lowest M-score: I=72, M=7, U=49, and S=97 25 InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING 56.25
Subject with lowest S-score: I=76, M=40, U=92, and S=17 25 56.25 InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING
Subject with lowest U-score: I=87, M=42, U=25, and S=71 25 56.25 InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING
The learning style “gap”: the two extreme individual subjects’ profiles overlap 10% InterpersonalMastery UnderstandingSelf-Expressive SENSING THINKING INTUITION FEELING
Due to this “gap,” UDL uses: multiple means of representation; multiple means of expression; multiple means of engagement.
Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It ! Accommodating Learning Styles within a UDL Context
UDL and Learning Style: UDL focuses on ability: what a person can do, and builds from there. The learning style cycle focuses on each person’s preferred method of learning to strengthen the other three. The N / ‘X / F / G model presents each important concept in four ways: one “favorite” + three alternatives.
Pashler, H. E., et al. (2009). Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 100 percent 75 50 25 0 Scoreverb kinverb kin controlexperiment
Name It ! Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It !
Name It ! To engage students who like to solve puzzles, a statement or question is presented, along with clues of some kind.
Name It ! How does an organization “guide” itself? GV M OP O
Name It ! How does an organization “guide” itself? GOALSVISION MISSION OUTCOMESPHILOSOPHY OBJECTIVES
Name It ! Arrange the words in a sequence / list from most general to most detailed:
Name It ! Arrange the words in a sequence / list: PHILOSOPHY VISION MISSION GOALS OBJECTIVES OUTCOMES
‘Xplain It ! Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It !
PHILOSOPHY: WHAT do we value and believe, and WHY do we continue to value and believe it? VALUES AND BELIEFS are essential and enduring concepts or truths that guide behavior toward achieving desirable outcomes…
PHILOSOPHY: An organization’s core is stable over time, a reliable base.
VISION: HOW will the future be different by upholding and applying our values and beliefs? Leaders subscribe to the notion that the future can be shaped; it is not predetermined…
VISION… …evokes inspiration and forward thinking among staff and supporters.
MISSION: WHAT is it that we actually DO to achieve our vision? A dream (vision) cannot be realized without concrete action…
MISSION: A mission provides an organization’s reason for being, and the motivation to get the job done – stated in the present tense.
GOALS: HOW will we accomplish the intermediate steps or stages that will help us complete our mission? A timeline is developed, enumerating major targets and completion dates.
OBJECTIVES: What am I going to do this moment to accomplish my individual and organizational goals? The moment-to-moment, day-by-day duties required to meet goals, and WHO is going to do them...
OBJECTIVES: Require a detailed script… listing coordinated actions, and the particular individuals responsible for implementing them.
Outcomes: Organizations must “prove” that they have accomplished their mission and achieved their vision. Outcomes are measurable results (statistics) that show what has been done, and what has changed. (e.g. an increase in participation or satisfaction over a period of time).
Frame It ! Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It !
Frame It ! Express PVMGO/O in a visual way: Diagram, Sketch, Drawing, Cartoon, Storyboard.
Game It ! Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It !
Game It ! Create an activity that uses physical objects and / or requires people to move around – to be active: Playing, Demonstrating, Patterning or arranging, Acting-out a scenario.
Game It ! 12 volunteers, Assemble at the front of the room. After 12 pieces of paper have been given to one of the volunteers… Arrange selves into 2 parallel rows. The front row is composed of the concept’s letters in proper order, The back row matches word explanations to their respective letters.
Student comments: Name It, ‘Xplain It, Frame It, Game It !