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It depends…: A Socio-historical Account of the Definition and Methods of Identification of Learning Disabilities. Margaret Gallego Grace Zamora Durán Elba.

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Presentation on theme: "It depends…: A Socio-historical Account of the Definition and Methods of Identification of Learning Disabilities. Margaret Gallego Grace Zamora Durán Elba."— Presentation transcript:

1 It depends…: A Socio-historical Account of the Definition and Methods of Identification of Learning Disabilities. Margaret Gallego Grace Zamora Durán Elba I. Reyes

2 Socio-historical Approach Context as that which surrounds

3 Figure #1 Concentric Spheres of Influence – Community Based Field Placement (adapted from Cole & Griffin, 1987) Figure #1 Concentric Spheres of Influence – Community Based Field Placement (adapted from Cole & Griffin, 1987)

4 Socio-historical Approach Context as that which weaves

5 Brief LD History 1965 Education of the Handicapped Act1965 Education of the Handicapped Act 1969 Learning Disabilities Act1969 Learning Disabilities Act 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children’s Act1975 Education for All Handicapped Children’s Act 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

6 LD Summit Consensus Statements, 2001 Concept of Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD)Concept of Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) Special Education for students with SLDSpecial Education for students with SLD SLD is a lifelong disorderSLD is a lifelong disorder Prevalence of SLD is unknownPrevalence of SLD is unknown Discrepancy between IQ and Achievement Processing deficit Effective Interventions Response to intervention (RTI)

7 Brief History on Learning Theory 1900 Behaviorism1900 Behaviorism 1930sCognitive and Social Interaction1930sCognitive and Social Interaction 1950sBehaviorism1950sBehaviorism 1960s-70sCognitive Interaction Multiple Intelligences1960s-70sCognitive Interaction Multiple Intelligences 1980sResurgence of Social- Historical Psychology in U.S.1980sResurgence of Social- Historical Psychology in U.S.

8 LD Definition Interrupted Testing as Self-fulfilling ProphecyTesting as Self-fulfilling Prophecy Validity/ReliabilityValidity/Reliability Tolerance for DifferenceTolerance for Difference Environmental InfluencesEnvironmental Influences

9 Response to Intervention Alternative Approach to LD IdentificationAlternative Approach to LD Identification Three-tiered ModelsThree-tiered Models OSEP-funded R&B projectsOSEP-funded R&B projects

10 Reflections TheoreticalTheoretical FederalFederal PracticalPractical


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