Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Legislative Branch Congress v. Parliament Parler- French, to talk Congress- Latin, a coming together Difference lies in how one becomes a member.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Legislative Branch Congress v. Parliament Parler- French, to talk Congress- Latin, a coming together Difference lies in how one becomes a member."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Legislative Branch Congress v. Parliament

3 Parler- French, to talk Congress- Latin, a coming together Difference lies in how one becomes a member and what one does as a member.

4 PARLIAMENT 1.Members selected by party 2.Voters vote for party, not person 3.Members select Prime Minister 4.Party members vote together on most issues 5.Party discipline tight 6.Renomination depends on loyalty to party leadership 7.Little actual power 8.Very little pay, no office no staff 9.Principle work – debate major national issues

5 CONGRESS 1.Primary – personality & positions on issues, not party 2.Members don not select President 3.Body of independent representatives (vote on ind. Beliefs) 4.Little party discipline 5.Great deal of power 6.High pay, offices, staff, etc 7.Principle work: representation of constituents and “action”

6 WHY CONGRESS, NOT PARLIAMENT? Framers did not want all powers concentrated in one government institution (Checks and balances) States would not consent to national government that didn’t protect their interests States would not consent to a government that didn’t balance large/small states. (Bicameralism)

7 Struggles WITHIN Congress SLAVERY ADMISSION OF NEW STATES TARIFFS REGULATION OF BUSINESS CENTRALIZATION V DECENTRALIZATION

8 CENTRALIZATION Strong central leadership Restrictions on debate Minimal committee interference Quick and decisive as a body Party rule

9 DECENTRALIZATION Interests of members/constituents Weak party leadership Many opportunities for committee activity Autonomy Debate and discussion

10 ARTICLE I Two houses Requirements for office Term of office Decennial Census Powers Setting up districts District boundaries Eligibility for voting

11 4 Problems to solve… …establishing the total size of the House …allocating seats among states …determining size of Congressional districts …determining shape of districts

12 I. ESTABLISHING TOTAL SIZE OF HOUSE 1911 Congress froze House at 435 II. ALLOCATING SEATS AMONG STATES Reapportionment Act of Article I, Section 2…decennial census

13 III. DETERMINING SIZE OF CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 1. Malapportionment ’64 Wesberry v. Sanders 2. Gerrymandering IV. DETERMINING SHAPE OF DISTRICTS 1. Minority – Majority Districts ’93 Shaw v. Reno

14 BICAMERAL UNICAMERAL DISTRICT AT LARGE SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT MALAPPORTIONMENT GERRYMANDERING REAPPORTIONMENT MAJORITY-MINORITY DISTRICT DESCRIPTIVE REPRESENTATION SUBSTANTIVE REPRESENTATION

15 President of the Senate Cannot take the floor of the Senate to speak on a matter Not a member of the Senate Votes only in cases when there is a tie Does not have to be present for discussion or voting Does not need to be a member of the majority party President Pro Tempore takes his/her place in his/her absence

16 Speaker of the House Principal leader of majority party Recognizes speakers on floor Signs all bills May debate and vote on issues Rules on motionsPresiding officer in the House Member of the House Assigns bills to committees Follows VP in Presidential succession Chosen by party members Names members to committees Selects a p.o. in his/her absence

17 Party Voting Steady increase since 1972 Reasons why members of party vote together 1. Ideologically alike 2. Not familiar with majority of issues & go to party for advice 3. “If you want to get along, go along”. S. Rayburn

18 Floor Leaders Majority Leader Schedules business Political bargaining Majority Whip Informs Leader of party opinion Rounds up members for important votes


Download ppt "The Legislative Branch Congress v. Parliament Parler- French, to talk Congress- Latin, a coming together Difference lies in how one becomes a member."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google