“Deciduous trees worldwide are under threat from virulent bacterial and fungal diseases which, unchecked, will dramatically alter our landscapes and cause massive and costly environmental and commercial damage” Source: Forest Research – March 2012
Fungal and bacterial infections are airborne and also spread by insects, the movement of ornamental plants, the nursery and timber trades and by humans. No Defence? The whole of the British Isles is now affected.
The Treatment – CuPC33 Patented - with further associated opportunities Proven - successful in-vitro tests against Chalara fraxinea, Phytophthora ramorum, Pseudomonas syringae and more
Evaluation of CuPC33 for Tree Pathogen Control Interim Report for Natural Ecology Mitigation Limited Prepared 10 th May 2013 By Dr G Percival “Results conclude CuPC33 displayed fungicidal properties against several key tree pathogens, however, the concentration required to totally inhibit growth differed between pathogens. “ “Based on results of this investigation the median lethal dose (LD 50) for CuPC33 for Chalara fraxinea in this study is circa. 150 ppm of elemental copper. The actual LD 50 will be lower as the use of malt agar reduces the efficacy of CuPC33 by complexing the copper and/or the binder.”
Effective - against bacterial and fungal tree diseases Versatile - foliar application, direct onto canker/lesion and trunk injection Environmentally sustainable - used at a much lower ppm, typically 10-30% of any other copper compound, all components Generally Regarded As Safe (GRAS) CuPC33
The threats to billions of mature trees creates a range of market opportunities: - Trade Products Consumer Products International Distribution and Licensing New market development (coffee rust, citrus greening etc)
“Bacterial and fungal diseases represent an increasing threat to Britain’s forest, woodland and amenity trees” Forest Research Chalara fraxinea, Phytophthora ramorum and Pseudomonas syringae are some of the most prevalent threats in the UK at present, but other diseases have arrived and are spreading
Ashmageddon: How one of the glories of the British countryside could be wiped out by a foreign invader My favourite tree in the world is in a small clearing in a Pembrokeshire wood, hemmed in on one side by a spring, and on the other by a hedgerow. I used to climb it as a boy, 30 years ago. A nest of gently-curving, pale grey branches offered endless easy footholds, and as I climbed higher, the tree opened up and the branches thinned, offering open, three-mile views down to the Welsh coast and the Irish Sea. But now, my favourite tree is at grave risk. I didn’t realise it at the time, but it was an ash tree — one of 80 million in this country, making up 30 per cent of all British woodland. Under threat: Ashes are Britain's third most common tree and can be found all over the country Daily Mail – 2 nd October 2012
Chalara fraxinea (Ash dieback) New. Red Alert Widespread in Denmark, Poland, Germany, Austria, Benelux. Recent arrival in the UK (2012), spreading rapidly CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment
Widespread Now affecting 70% of the UK’s horse chestnuts nationwide, from Scotland to Cornwall Pseudomonas syringae (Bleeding Canker of the Horse Chestnut) CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment
Phytophthoras Non-native pathogens attacking trees, plants and crops in every temperate country Described Phytophthoras at end 1999 – 55 Described Phytophthoras 2000-2009 – 50+ Estimated ‘unknowns’ 2010 – 500+
Phytophthora ramorum (affects oak and larch) Widespread Attacking oaks, larch and other deciduous trees – a major problem in the USA, now spreading rapidly in the UK and Europe CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment
Home gardeners can join the fight against tree disease by using CuPC33 on their ornamentals Phytophthora ramorum Ornamental plants are hosts and carriers PierisMagnoliaRhododendronAcerLaburnum
Spreading Attacking the European beech, also rhododendron, magnolia, pieris and many other ornamental plants Phytophthora kernoviae (a new, highly aggressive strain of Phytophthora) CuPC33 Lab Test and Field Test: Pending investment
Spreading Attacking Lawson/Nootka cypress and juniper. Confirmed in the UK in 2011 and already nationwide. Phytophthora austrocedrae (species of Phytophthora from Argentina/Chile) CuPC33 Lab Test and Field Test: Pending investment
Phytophthora cinnamomi (attacks sweet chestnut, beech and yew) CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment Widespread Root-infecting, transmission believed to be through groundwater. Already a serious problem in the UK and in many other countries.
Splanchnonema platani (infects the London plane). Recent Arrival Now attacking plane trees in London. It has recently spread to the UK from Germany and Holland CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment
Returning? Killed 25 million UK elms in 1960s. Incidence now on the increase, especially in Scotland Ophiostoma nova-ulmi (Dutch Elm Disease) CuPC33 Lab Test: Positive CuPC33 Field Test: Pending investment
Widespread just across the Channel Native American pathogen devastating France’s canalside planes and poplars, also in Italy, Switzerland and Greece Ceratocystis platani (an invasive fungal pathogen) CuPC33 Lab Test and Field Test: Pending investment Next for the UK?
Happening now – the destruction along the Canal du Midi
CuPC33 Transmissibility testing and controlled trials began in 2012 and are continuing. Foliar application and trunk injection trials are planned for summer 2013.
Mature trees are costly to remove/dispose (Safe disposal is required. Burning spreads the pathogens. Most timber cannot be used) Mature trees are inexpensive to treat, preserving amenity and environmental value Simple Economics
Obstacles... Government policy is wrong. The DEFRA ‘Control Plan’ for Ash dieback is a monitoring plan which will not save a single tree
Widespread Support “I am devastated to think that our Ash may disappear and would like to try and protect the ones on our 3 a cres and in the locality if possible. I know your product is undergoing trials against Chalara Fraxinea but I am willing to purchase the product, if possible, to treat my own trees and even to start up a business to protect other Ash trees. To sum up – can I purchase any CuPC33?”
“I have 5 acres near Watford set out as parkland. The garden is most important to me. Ash comprise perhaps the most important specimen trees I have therefore I will go to considerable lengths to save them. I have perhaps 100 ash trees of all ages and sizes. I wish to try the most likely remedy to save my trees. If this could help your research that would be excellent.” Widespread Support
“I very much share your 'can do' and 'must do' attitude towards dealing with these threats to our biodiversity. Also, I would be more than happy to be of any help in any way that I can. For example writing to MPs, the environmental groups that I am a member of, such as the RSPB, Woodland Trust, CPRE, or anyone else that you feel it would be worth contacting.” Widespread Support
“Over the last 35 years I have been managing our woods through Dutch Elm Disease and numerous serious windblow from gales. We have kept the Forestry Commission somewhat at arms length as I have had and continue to do so, little confidence in their knowledge and enthusiasm of practical forestry. They seem to be led by Whitehall bureaucrats and the treasury. I have been trying to get the politicians of both parties to formulate a comprehensive forestry policy since 1995, to date without success. I was more than encouraged to read about you and your company and would like to cooperate as much as possible.” Widespread Support
Tree disease is a major cost and amenity issue for every tree owner in the UK. We simply cannot stand by and watch our trees die.
Mitigation services to major tree owners Training services for local authorities and tree surgeons/contractors Bulk sales of CuPC33 Consumer product for ornamentals International licensing and distribution NEM Business Development
UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Benelux, NE USA, California/Oregon, Canada Prime Target Markets: Phase 1
Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, Chile Prime Target Markets: Phase 2
Exclusive patented solutions Technical/application development programme ready Experienced management team R&D collaboration with leading UK and international experts Strategic trade partnerships UK and international business potential NEM Opportunity
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