2 The simple past tense of regular verbs Choral ReadingThe simple past tense of regular verbs
3 The simple past tense of regular verbs Subject + -ed form of verb (V2)Verb after ‘to’ + infinitiveAdverb of past:agoyesterdaylast… (= 1 … ago)Specific time in the past:in (+month year)on (+ date/day)at (+ hour)
5 Exercise 1 worked learned loved opened; repaired started used succeededdiedlived
6 Spelling of the past tense of regular verbs Choral ReadingSpelling of the past tense of regular verbs
7 Spelling of the past tense of regular verbs Regular verbs + edVerbs ending in ‘e’ + dVerbs ending in const+y change y to i, + edVerbs ending in vowl+y + edOne syllable verb ending in CVC double the final consonant, + edVerbs ending in w or x + ed
8 Spelling of the past tense of regular verbs Two-syllable verbs ending in CVC, 2nd syllable stressed double the final consonant, + edTwo-syllable verbs, last syllable NOT stressed do not double the final consonant, +ed
24 Irregular Verb 2 Verbs with no change Final d changes to t Verbs with a vowel change/ɛ/ or /ɒ//ɔ//oʊ//æ//Λ//ɒ/ or /oʊ//ʊ//ɛ//əʊ/ or /oʊ/, /u//aʊ/ or /eI/ or /ɛ//I//eI//ɒ/ or /ɑ//u/Miscellaneous Changes
25 VOWEL CHART u i ʊ o e ə ɜ æ a ɛ ɔ ɒ ɑ I front palatal back velar centraluihighʊIoeəɜmidɛɔə = lax, unstressed syllableamountɜ = tense, stressed syllableFurnishedΛ = clear A (ringan)ɑ = dark A (lebih voiced)ɔ = agak buka mulutɒ = mulut buletΛɒælowaɑ
26 DIPHTHONGS Blue letters (usual letters) A diphthong involves a movement from one position to another position within one syllable.E.g. e = cake, made, may, sayoʊ = go, no, so, lowa = high, tide, cryaʊ = cow, how, bow
30 Exercise A were not / weren’t didn’t fly wasn’t didn’t invent didn’t diedidn’t godidn’t comewasn’t borndidn’t builddidn’t becomeWright Brothers: two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplaneCharles Lindbergh: American aviatorAmelia Earhart: Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic OceanRobert Hutchings Goddard: an American professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket
31 Exercise B Did Orville Wright become famous? Yes, he did. Was Goddard an aviator? No, he wasn’t.Did Earhart fly across the Atlantic Ocean? Yes, she did.Was Goddard born in the U.S.? Yes, he was.
32 Exercise BDid the Wright brothers write about rockets? No, they didn’t.Did the Americans send a man into space? Yes, they did.Did Wilbur Wright die in 1945? No, he didn’t.
33 Exercise C When was Lindbergh born? What did the Wright brothers invent?Who invented the airplane?When did Earhart cross the ocean?How much (money) did Lindbergh/he get for his flight?
34 Exercise C Why did Earhart/she want to fly around the world? How many people saw Lindbergh in Paris?Why didn’t they believe his ideas? // Why did they not believe his ideas?When did Orville Wright die?What (ideas) did the president examine?