4 Spelling Verbs ending in –y vowel (a, e, o) + y → -yed play → played enjoy → enjoyedconsonant (d, l, r, etc) +y → ied try → tried reply → repliedPractice:Write the past tense of the following verbs:shop …… visit….. study….help….. answer…… develop…..comply….refer….. cry…..annoy…..live……watch…..stay……like…..refer…..
5 Spelling checkshop shopped …. visit visited …... study studied …..help helpedanswer answered ….. develop developed …..comply compliedrefer referred …. cry cried …..annoy annoyed …..live lived…..watch watched ……stay stayed …..like liked …..refer referred
6 irregular verbsThere are lots of irregular verbs which you have to learn one by one.Verb TO BEI youhe weshe was they wereit youTop 10 irregular verbs – the most common verbs. Learn these immediately!!!to be, to have, to do, to go, to say, to see, to take to get,plus the auxiliary verbs can and will.
7 learning irregular verbs memorisebe – was, werehave – haddo – didgo – wentsay – saidsee – sawtake – tookget – gotcan – couldwill - wouldListen and repeatwatch and listen to this videoif that one seems boring, try this one:Do grammar exercisesDo exercises in grammarmanual and extra exercisesposted on Moodle.
8 simple past forms: negative Negative sentences with the verb to be.Was/were + notI was not (wasn’t) at work yesterday.They were not (weren’t) in the office at 6:00.Negatives with with all other verbs use did not/ didn’t + infinitive (without to)The meeting started early. The meeting didn’t start early.John went to Rome. John didn’t go to Rome.
9 simple past forms: interrogative Verb to beWas/ were + subject + rest of sentenceWas Ms. Brown in the office yesterday?Were the goods delivered on time?All other verbsDid + subject + main verb + rest of sentenceDid you answer Ms. Brown’s ?Yes, I did. or No, I didn’t
10 content questions Questinos that ask who, what, where, why, when, how, how much, how manyRemember to use the acronym: Q A S Iquestion word + auxiliary + subject + infinitive (main verb without ‘to’)What did you learn at the seminar?How did you get to Milan?How much did it cost?How many pieces did they order?