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Teresa Hughes Lucy Faithfull Foundation. Prevalence of child sexual abuse WomenMen 20%-30% 10%-20% 1:3 - 1:4 Women have been sexually abused as children.

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Presentation on theme: "Teresa Hughes Lucy Faithfull Foundation. Prevalence of child sexual abuse WomenMen 20%-30% 10%-20% 1:3 - 1:4 Women have been sexually abused as children."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teresa Hughes Lucy Faithfull Foundation

2 Prevalence of child sexual abuse WomenMen 20%-30% 10%-20% 1:3 - 1:4 Women have been sexually abused as children the figures for men range between 1:5 - 1:6

3 Facts about Child Sexual Abuse 1 in 6 children have been sexually abused by the time they are 16 8 out of 10 children know their abusers The vast majority are not reported to the Police Ref: NSPCC Full-Stop campaign 2000

4 What is sexual abuse? Touching Non touching

5 Examples Non touching Showing pornography to a child Deliberately exposing an adult’s genitals to a child Encouraging a child to watch sexual acts Inappropriately watching a child undress or use the bathroom

6 Examples Touching Touching a child’s private parts for sexual pleasure Making a child touch someone else's private parts Having sex Putting objects or body parts, (like fingers, tongue or penis) inside the child’s mouth, vagina or anus

7 Reasons for Not Reporting “didn’t want parents to find out” “it was nobody else’s business” “didn’t think it was serious or wrong” “didn’t want friends to find out” “didn’t want the authorities to find out” “was frightened” (24%) “didn’t think would be believed” (13%) “had been threatened by abuser” (7%) Child Maltreatment in the UK, NSPCC 2000

8 So …who are the abusers?

9 Who are the Abusers? Men Women Young People Children Family members Friends Professionals known to the child

10 Who are the Abusers? People we know People we care about People from all classes, cultures and backgrounds People may be any sexual orientation

11 Some signs to be aware of in adults Refuses a child privacy Insists on physical affection when not wanted Insists on time alone without interruptions Gives money/gifts that seem excessive Repeatedly walks in on children in the bathroom Singles out a particular child to be special

12 Grooming behaviours in adults

13 A tall order for a child or young person?

14 Reasons for Not Reporting “didn’t want parents to find out” “it was nobody else’s business” “didn’t think it was serious or wrong” “didn’t want friends to find out” “didn’t want the authorities to find out” “was frightened” (24%) “didn’t think would be believed” (13%) “had been threatened by abuser” (7%) Child Maltreatment in the UK, NSPCC 2000

15 What can the Hedgehogs programme bring?

16 Teach children to feel comfortable about asking questions and finding more information. Foster children’s deeper awareness of their bodies and emotions. Give children tools so that they can perceive and read potentially risky situations in relationship with others and to react usefully to these situations. Develop confidence and critical awareness in children so that they can trust appropriate adults, by asking for help and reporting their experiences.

17 How? Main themes: They are all individuals Self esteem Learn about their bodies ‘Touch’ self awareness of positive & negative & saying ‘no’ Recognising feeling uncomfortable & strategies for self protection Importance of trusted adults Being able to identify adults with whom they can ask for help Able to say ‘no’ Differences between a secret and a surprise

18 Example scenarios: Your doctor asks you to undress The park keeper urges you to go in their house A car stops and the driver asks you to go with him/her in a street he/she doesn’t know On the bus a man approaches and touches your bottom Your uncle always caresses your head Your mum and dad kiss you goodnight

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