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Immigration in mid-1800s Emigrant: Emigrant: Someone who leaves a country Someone who leaves a country Immigrant: Immigrant: Someone who comes to a country.

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration in mid-1800s Emigrant: Emigrant: Someone who leaves a country Someone who leaves a country Immigrant: Immigrant: Someone who comes to a country."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration in mid-1800s Emigrant: Emigrant: Someone who leaves a country Someone who leaves a country Immigrant: Immigrant: Someone who comes to a country Someone who comes to a country

2 Push and Pull Factors Push Factors: Push Factors: Causes that “push” or force people away from a country (emigration) Causes that “push” or force people away from a country (emigration) Examples? Examples? Population growth, Agricultural Rev, crop failures, Industrial Rev, Religious & Political Persecution Population growth, Agricultural Rev, crop failures, Industrial Rev, Religious & Political Persecution Pull Factors: Pull Factors: Causes that “pull” people to a certain country (immigration) Causes that “pull” people to a certain country (immigration) U.S. Examples? U.S. Examples? Freedom, Economic Opportunity, Land!, Gold! Freedom, Economic Opportunity, Land!, Gold!

3 Ireland & Germany Ireland “Potato Famine”: crop failure  widespread hunger and death Ireland “Potato Famine”: crop failure  widespread hunger and death –British Govt. gave no aid –English landlords evicted 100,000s for no rent –2 million Irish emigrated (most went to U.S., Canada, Australia) Germany Germany –Restrictive Economy –1848 – failed revolution & political persecution

4 Sailing the Atlantic Ocean Took 1-2 months to get to U.S. ports Took 1-2 months to get to U.S. ports Wealthy travelers: State rooms Wealthy travelers: State rooms –Good Ventilation –Captain dined with passengers Poor travelers: Steerage Poor travelers: Steerage –Had to cook food themselves –Little time allowed in fresh air –Overcrowding, rats, poor food, abuse, disease

5 Handouts 1. Review Answers to Questions on Immigration Charts 2. Read Lazarus Poem on Statue of Liberty 3. Read Know Nothing Platform 4. List several contrasts in the different views toward immigration 5. Answer the Questions on the Know Nothing Party

6 Nativism What was Nativism? What was Nativism? An anti-immigration movement An anti-immigration movement The policy of favoring native inhabitants over new immigrants The policy of favoring native inhabitants over new immigrants What is discrimination? What is discrimination? The unjust or prejudicial treatment of certain groups of people The unjust or prejudicial treatment of certain groups of people Which immigrant groups face discrimination today in the U.S.? Which immigrant groups face discrimination today in the U.S.? Why do you think discrimination exists? Why do you think discrimination exists?

7 Know-Nothing Party What was their platform? What was their platform? –Resist Catholic Church policies –Resist foreign influences on our Republic –Place in office only native-born Protestants –Protect the Constitution Who was attacked by the platform? Who was attacked by the platform? Catholics and new immigrants Catholics and new immigrants How does their platform contrast to the inscription on the Statue of Liberty? How does their platform contrast to the inscription on the Statue of Liberty? If their platform were law, would it be constitutional today? If their platform were law, would it be constitutional today? No. 14 th Amendment Equal Protection clause says: “No state shall….deny to any person….the equal protection of the laws.” No. 14 th Amendment Equal Protection clause says: “No state shall….deny to any person….the equal protection of the laws.”

8 Know Nothing Party Why did they call themselves the Know Nothings? Why did they call themselves the Know Nothings? Secretive due to illegal activities; Members said “I know nothing.” Secretive due to illegal activities; Members said “I know nothing.” Where did the party have most support in 1855? Where did the party have most support in 1855? Northeast Northeast Where did the party have least support in 1855? Where did the party have least support in 1855? West (except CA) West (except CA) Why didn’t the party survive beyond the 1850s? Why didn’t the party survive beyond the 1850s? Slavery disagreements and Civil War Slavery disagreements and Civil War

9 Discrimination against the Irish Why do you think the Irish were targeted for discrimination more than the Germans in the 1850s? Why do you think the Irish were targeted for discrimination more than the Germans in the 1850s? Largest group of new immigrants Largest group of new immigrants Catholic (in contrast to Protestant majority) Catholic (in contrast to Protestant majority)

10 Nativist Political Cartoons Skill: Identify assumptions Skill: Identify assumptions Examine the political cartoons Examine the political cartoons Identify examples of prejudice in each cartoon (prejudice is a negative opinion of a group of people, which is not based on facts) Identify examples of prejudice in each cartoon (prejudice is a negative opinion of a group of people, which is not based on facts) Explain the message of each cartoon. Explain the message of each cartoon. How do you think this cartoon would be received by people today? How do you think this cartoon would be received by people today? Have you seen examples of prejudice today? Have you seen examples of prejudice today?


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