Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring By: Lucille Clifton Illustrated by: Brinton Turkle.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring By: Lucille Clifton Illustrated by: Brinton Turkle."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring By: Lucille Clifton Illustrated by: Brinton Turkle

3 An example of city wildlife: http://community-2.webtv.net/hotmail.com/verle33/HummingBirdNest

4 Unit Overview Raise your hands if you can answer the following questions: –What do you know about city wildlife before we read the selection? –What do you know about the kinds of animals and plants that live and grow in the city? –Have you already read any books about city wildlife?

5 City Wildlife (Read Aloud) Prior Knowledge –This is a nonfiction article that discusses habitat-the natural environment of living things. –The author of this article has been a biology teacher, and a professor of science.

6 “City Lots: Living Things in Vacant Spots” Te 113L-113O Focus Questions:Focus Questions: –How important are open spaces in a city? –What makes a city a good place to live for some wildlife? –Listen to the story I read to you.

7 City Lots (article discussion) Why is this selection called “City Lots: living Things in Vacant Lots?” –It is about plants, insects, and animals that live in city lots. Why do many plants and animals live in vacant lots all year round? –They find, everything they need to live there, such as food, water, sunlight, and space.

8 City Lots (article discussion) How do the plants in city lots help insects live? –Some insects lay their eggs in the plants; others feed on the plants and use them for shelter.

9 Objectives: You will: –recognize antonyms and synonyms, –Recognize compound words –Recognize base words and the suffix –y and the prefix un- –Practice using the spelling patterns ar and air –Recognize the long u sound spelled u, u_e, _ue, _ew.

10 Word Knowledge hollered whispered grinned frowned vacant empty bare streetlight playground tiptoe spiky cottony smelly silvery unbelievable undecorated untied uneaten unoccupied started apartments dark car air

11 Word Knowledge Tony stopped and made believe his sneaker was untied to see what King was going to do. “Well, come on, man,” King whispered, and they started down the street. Just after the friends passed some apartments, they came to a vacant lot. An indigo car is a dark blue color.

12 What do these words have in common? hollered whispered grinned frowned –The words are antonyms. What’s an antonym? An antonym means opposite. With your partner, identify the antonyms. –Hollered/whispered, grinned/frowned Use each word in a sentence and come up with other examples of antonyms. Hot/cold, hard/soft, up/down, left/right, day/night, all/none.

13 What is the same with these words? vacant empty bare These words are synonyms. Raise your hand if you can tell me what a synonym is. –Synonyms are words that mean the same thing. What is the synonym to these words? –happy… joyful –tired… sleepy –large… huge, big –end… finish, complete –grow… mature, develop

14 What is the spelling pattern in the next set of words? streetlight playground tiptoe The words are compound words. –What words make up each compound word? street + light play + ground tip + toe –Do the two words help us understand the meaning of the word?

15 What’s the secret pattern between these words? spiky cottony smelly silvery The suffix –y is added to base words. Give a definition for each word and use the word in a sentence. Identify the part of speech the word becomes in a sentence. By adding the suffix –y, the word becomes an adjective (a describing word).

16 What do these words have in common? unbelievable undecorated untied uneaten unoccupied The prefix un- is added to words. –What does the prefix un- mean? Un- means not.Un- means not. –Give the base word and explain how the word changes when you add un-. the base word for unbelievable is believe.Example: the base word for unbelievable is believe. –When you add un- the word means not true.

17 What is the same with these words? started apartments dark car air These words are spelling words found in “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring”. Let’s review the spelling patterns for ar and air.

18 Please read the sentences and find the antonyms: Tony stopped and made believe his sneaker was untied to see what King was going to do. “Well, come on, man,” King whispered, and they started down the street. Just after the friends passed some apartments, they came to a vacant lot. –stopped/started, untied/tied, whispered/shouted, down/up, after/before, friends/enemies, vacant/occupied

19 Now, let’s identify any synonyms or prefixes Tony stopped and made believe his sneaker was untied to see what King was going to do. “Well, come on, man,” King whispered, and they started down the street. Just after the friends passed some apartments, they came to a vacant lot. –Synonyms: stopped/discontinued, untied/undone, started/began, some/several, vacant/bare/empty –Prefixes: untied-not tied.

20 Now, let’s read the following sentence together: An indigo car is a dark blue color. –Identify the words that have the /ar/ sound spelled ar –Car, dark

21 Prior Knowledge What do you remember from the Read Aloud? Raise you hand if you can share with me what you notice about the first signs of spring.

22 Background Information “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring” is realistic fiction. Realistic fiction may include descriptions of actual places and things, and also situations that are made up but could happen. The author invents the characters, then involves them in solving a problem.

23 Background Information The author, Lucille Clifton, uses idiomatic spellings and phrases. Some of the spelling in the story was used to show natural speech and may differ from the dictionary spelling. –bout for about –comin for coming

24 Preview and Prepare (Reading 2.6 pp. 114O-114P) Let ‘s read aloud: the title, the author and illustrator. Now let’s browse the first page or two of the story. –Who are the main characters? –Look at the illustrations in the selections. –Make sure you make predictions about the text to help monitor your comprehension. –Look for: clues, problems, such as unfamiliar words (trans. 46) Now let’s look at the focus questions. –What is city wildlife? –What types of wildlife would you expect to find in a city?

25 Student Observation CluesProblemsWonderings Can a person Weissman’sHow can you “believe” in Spring? find Spring?

26 The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring crops decorated vacant mound patch

27 crops One day after the teacher had been talking about birds that were blue and his Mama had started talking about crops coming up, King Shabazz decided he had just had enough. Now that spring has arrived, the farmer is busy planting his crops. plants grown for food or to sell to make money

28 decorated They passed the Church of the Solid Rock with high windows all decorated and pretty. The wedding reception hall looked lovely, decorated with twinkling lights and pretty flowers. made beautiful by adding fancy things and frills

29 vacant Just after they passed some apartments King Shabazz and Tony Polito came to a vacant lot. The warehouse looked as though it had been vacant for years. empty; abandoned

30 mound The wheels were gone and so were the doors, but it was dark red and sitting high on a dirt mound in the middle of the lot. The catcher walked toward the pitcher’s mound, a slightly raised area of ground on a baseball field. He wanted to talk to the pitcher about the next batter. small hill or pile of dirt, rocks, or other material

31 patch He looked down and saw a patch of little yellow pointy flowers, growing in the middle of short spiky green leaves. A large empty patch stood out from the full green lawn. an area different from what is around it

32 Investigating Concepts Beyond the Text TG 125AInquiry What do you know already about city wildlife? During the next six weeks, we read stories about city wildlife. –Does anyone have any further questions or points to share up to this point? Complete Inquiry Journal, pg. 28

33 Word Analysis (TE. P. 35F) Spelling – This week, we will spell words wit the /ar/ sound. started apartments dark car air –Let’s take our spelling pretest. Vocabulary Skill Words (antonyms) whispered shouted slowly mound vacant

34 English Language Conventions (TG p. 125F Eng. Lang. Conv. 1.0, 1.4) Let’s read L.A. Handbook, p. 272 to learn about quotation marks. –Quotation marks let the reader know that something is being said. –A comma sets of the speaker’s words from the rest of the sentence. –If the sentence ends with the quotation, the punctuation goes inside the closing quotation mark. “I’m hungry!” Shelly said. “Are you tired?” Michael asked. Brian said, “It’s time to go to school.” –The name of a short story, poem, song or book chapter should be in quotes. Now, we will work on Comprehension and Language Arts Workbook pages 26-27 for more practice with quotation marks.Now, we will work on Comprehension and Language Arts Workbook pages 26-27 for more practice with quotation marks.

35 Writing Process Strategies Getting Ideas: Responding to Fiction TG p. 125F (writing 1.1, 1.4) Read Language Arts handbook, pgs. 78-79 in order to find out about expository writing. Let’s read L.A. handbook, pgs. 84-87 on responding to fiction Let’s go over an example of good writing: responding to fiction (transparency 4) Let me share you the writing rubric with you:

36 Writing Process Strategies Getting Ideas: Responding to Fiction TG p. 125F (writing 1.1, 1.4) Total point value: 10 Ideas are stated clearly and are easy to understand. (2 points) There is a topic sentence for each paragraph. (2 points) There is at least one supporting detail or example for each topic sentence (2 points) The final copy is clean, neat, and legible. (2 points) Mechanics-punctuation, spelling, and capitalization is correct. (2 points)

37 Writing Process Strategies Getting Ideas: Responding to Fiction TG p. 125F (writing 1.1, 1.4) I like the character King Shabazz in the story “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring”. I could write a response to fiction explaining why. What plots, settings, and ideas could you use to write responses to fiction? Let’s make a list on the board.

38 Developing Oral Language hollered whispered grinned frowned vacant empty bare streetlight playground tiptoe spiky cottony smelly silvery unbelievable undecorated untied uneaten unoccupied started apartments dark car air Partner work:Partner work: –One student selects a word from above and your partner will put the word in a sentence. –Then we will switch!

39 The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring Te. 114Q- R (first reading-orally pgs. 114-123) When I read this story I will: Predict what the story might be about What Questions come to mind? What images pop into my mind? (Visualize) Summarize story in own words Listen/Speak 1.1,1.2

40 Discussing Strategy Use TG 122 How did you clarify confusing passages? What questions did you ask yourself as you read the story? Did you make predictions as you read the story? What were they? What did you visualize as you read the story?

41 Discussing the Selection Let’s use handing off to answer these questions: –Why didn’t King believe in spring? –What did King and Tony do to find spring? –What signs of spring did they find? –What types of wildlife are common in cities? Write your answers in your response journalWrite your answers in your response journal

42 Concept/Question Board TE p. 125B Let’s use the Concept/Question board to: –Post questions we have about the story that have not been answered yet. –Post articles about city wildlife. –Answer our story focus question.

43 Word Analysis (TE. P.125G) ELC 1.8, Reading 1.4 Spelling –Here is Sound/Spelling card 27 /ar/. –Repeat after me: armadillo. Sort your spelling words by ar, are, air, or ear spellings. Vocabulary: Antonyms whispered Antonyms are two words with opposite meanings. –The antonym for whispered is: __________. Shouted, screamed, yelled, hollered Let’s complete Spelling and Vocabulary Skills Workbook pages 26-27 for more practice identifying antonyms.Let’s complete Spelling and Vocabulary Skills Workbook pages 26-27 for more practice identifying antonyms.

44 Antonyms Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. Hot and cold are antonyms. Happy and sad are antonyms. Push and pull are antonyms.

45 English Language Conventions (TG p. 125G E.L.C., 1.5) Review: Quotation Marks. –When are quotation marks used? Quotation marks are used when someone speaks, for short story, poem and song titles and chapters in a book. Name two or more animals that live in the city. –Imagine what animals would say to each other about how humans treat them. –What would they say? Let’s write their conversation on the board. Find one declarative (.), one interrogative (?), and one exclamatory (!) quotation in “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring.”

46 Writing Process Strategies Prewriting- Responding to Fiction TG p. 125G (Writing 1.1, 1.4) Let’s review our ideas for responding to fiction from yesterday. Let’s read Writer’s Workbook, pg. 6 on prewriting for responding to fiction. Graphic organizers help writers organize their thoughts. –Now, we will go over a Character Web (transparency 11). In a Character Web, you need to add details and examples. I would like you to complete the character web on Writer’s Workbook pages 6-7.

47 Phonics and Fluency Review the long u sound spelled u, u_e, _ue, _ew Here is the Sound/Spelling Card 36, the long u sound. unit used menu Utah cue human humid January puny fuel pupil unicorn mew few unify universe –Can you identify the letters that make the long u sound? My favorite month is January. I ate a few cookies after dinner. He used to sit with his friend Tony Polito on the bottom step when the days started getting longer and warmer and talk about it. –Can you find the words with the long u sound?

48 Investigation Let’s begin planning our investigations. Work with your groups to complete the calendar on Inquiry Journal page 33-34.

49 “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring” Second Read Comprehension Skills – Classify and Categorize –What does classifying and categorizing mean? It is sometimes useful to put story information into sections or categorizes. Putting things that are alike together in a group will help you understand and learn information. –As you read the story, try to classify and categorize different things.

50 Classify and Categorize Signs of SpringPeople in the Story Things in King and Tony’s Neighborhood Things King Does Things King and Tony Smell

51 Checking Comprehension (reading 2.3) What does this story have to do with city wildlife? –Tony and King find plants beginning to grow and a bird’s blue eggs in the car in a vacant lot. What do Tony and King realize when they find the flowers and the bird’s eggs? –They realize that spring has really arrived. How do you think they feel about their discovery? –They feel happy and amazed at finding signs of spring in the city.

52 Interviewing, TE. 125D In an interview, you ask another person questions to get information about a subject or to find out what she or he thinks or feels about something. In an interview, a person is the source. Here are the rules of doing an interview: 1.Always ask permission to interview a person. 2.Ask Who? What? Where? Why? And How? Questions. 3.Write down your questions in the order you want to ask them. 4.Speak clearly and politely during an interview. 5.Take notes as the person answers the questions. 6.Thank the person after the interview.

53 Word Analysis Spelling –barebear –Listen to the /air/ sounds in bare and bear –Now, complete Spelling and Vocabulary Skills Workbook pg. 28 for more practice with the /ar/ and /air/ sounds. Vocabularymound –hole, indentation, and valley are antonyms to mound Knowing the meaning of the antonyms, what is the meaning of the word mound. –hill, bump, pile –Work with your partner to think of some more antonyms for the word mound. –Flat land, valley, dip

54 English Language Conventions TG. p. 125H Read L.A. Handbook, pg. 272 to review quotations. Where does the quotation marks go for the following sentences? Fragrant flowers are flourishing in the field, Fred said gratefully. Fragrant flowers are flourishing in the field Fred said gratefully. Rachel Carson said We need to protect the natural world.

55 English Language Conventions TG. p. 125H Where does the quotation marks go for the following sentences? When will the cardinal eggs hatch? asked Ellen. That cardinal is bright red! Gasped Deonte. Note: The end punctuation goes inside the closing quotation mark. Assignment: Write a brief dialogue among animals about life in the city.

56 Writing Process Strategies Drafting : Responding to Fiction Although responding to fiction means giving opinions, these opinions need to be supported with examples from the writing. –Time order words are words that show the transition of events. Before, after, first, next, later, last, until, then, finally –Time order words are used to help readers follow actions. –Let’s read L.A. handbook, pgs. 198-199 for more examples. Let’s complete Comprehension and L.A. skills book, pgs. 28-29. Complete your first draft using Writer’s Workbook, pg. 7.

57

58 Sequence is the order in which events happen.

59 Certain words can be sequence clues.

60 Time-Order Words first next then finally

61 Time-Order Expression in the morning after that later that day two weeks later

62 Other Time Words yesterday Saturday April winter

63 Now be a sequence detective. See if you can spot the clue words in the following story.

64 Last Tuesday I met my new friend Mickey. We were both in a ball game at recess. I told him he had made a good catch during the game. Later that day we played in a softball game. We were on the same team and we won!

65

66 After the game, we traded some baseball cards, and then he said he wanted to ask me something. After he finished talking, we walked to the bus stop.

67

68 The next morning, I was able to answer his question. My parents said that I would go to his family’s apartment to have dinner with him on his birthday, December 6.

69

70 Developing Oral Language unit used menu Utah cue human humid January puny fuel pupil unicorn mew few unify universe A is a mammal. –Human is a cold month. –January I need to run my gold car. –fuel

71 Developing Oral Language unit used menu Utah cue human humid January puny fuel pupil unicorn mew few unify universe The state of is very pretty. –Utah Our Open Court is called City Wildlife. –unit The word means small. –puny

72 Dictation (routine cards 6 and 9) pg. 114 N Take out a piece of paper and let’s begin our dictation! Line 1: _____________ ____________ ____________ Line 2: ____________ ____________ ____________ Challenge word: ______________ Sentence:___________________________ ______________________________________

73 Meet the Author Please read the top half of page 124 with your partner to learn about the author of “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring”, Lucille Clifton. –Lucille Clifton was the first person in her family to earn a scholarship and attend college. What does this tell you about her desire to learn? She was determined to get an education and studied hard to be able to succeed by getting a scholarship. –What do you think is special about Lucille Clifton’s writing that makes her “one of the most famous poets and children’s authors”? believable characters, interesting use of slang and dialect in dialogue

74 Meet the Illustrator Please read the bottom half of page 124 with your partner to learn about the illustrator of “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring”, Brinton Turkle. –Brinton Turkle writes and illustrates books in the hope that they will teach children kindness, honesty, and a love for life. Why do you think he chose to illustrate this story for Lucille Clifton? The story deals with friendship and springtime; the boys find evidence of life even in an abandoned lot. –Look back at the pictures in “The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring.” Brinton Turkle had to do research for the background scenery for New York City. Why would an artist do research? Turkle would research to be sure his pictures were authentic. The more details possible, the better the pictures complement the story line.

75 Literary Elements: Characterization Characterization is the way that a writer shows what the characters in his or her story are like. Writers do this by telling what the characters do, say, think, and feel. Let’s complete the table: CharacterWhat I Know About HimEvidence King Shabazz Tony Polito

76 Word Analysis Spelling –Dark Knowing the spelling of dark can help us know that the rhyming word park is spelled the same way.Knowing the spelling of dark can help us know that the rhyming word park is spelled the same way. –Now let’s complete Spelling and Vocabulary Skills page 29 for more practice with strategies for spelling /ar/ and /air/ words. Vocabularyvacant –Empty, clear, and blank are synonyms of vacant. –What are the antonyms for vacant? full, loaded, crowdedfull, loaded, crowded –What is the definition of vacant, now that we know its’ antonyms and synonyms? empty space, clear areaempty space, clear area

77 English Language Conventions listen/Speak 1.1 Remembering what we hear Being able to recall a story is an important listening skill. If we listen well the first time, we won’t have to get the information again. Another good listening skill is repeating and paraphrasing what we hear in our own words. This helps us share information with others. We can give the same message using our own words. In small groups, paraphrase the important points and details of the story. Students will decide on a group leader. The group leader will record the important points. As a class, we will call on the group leader to share their information with the class.

78 Writing Process Strategies: Revising ( Writing 1.1, 1.4) Let’s read Writer’s Workbook, pg. 8 on revising. Let’s discuss Language Arts Transparency 26 on revising. When the supporting sentences stray from the topic of the paragraph, readers lose interest. When statements about a character, setting, idea, or plot are not supported with details from the story, it makes the statements hard to believe. Misspelling names of people and places can be distracting and it makes it seem like you did not read the story carefully. Revise your drafts using time order words. Use the checklist on page 9 of your Writer’s Workbook to help you revise your response to literature.

79 Day 5…

80 Word Knowledge Review hollered whispered grinned frowned –past tense vacant empty bare –synonyms streetlight playground tiptoe –compound words spiky cottony smelly silvery –suffix -y unbelievable undecorated untied uneaten unoccupied –prefix un- started apartments dark car air –/ar/ and /air/ sounds Tony stopped and made believe his sneaker was untied to see what King was going to do. “Well, come on, man,” King whispered, and they started down the street. Just after the friends passed some apartments, they came to a vacant lot. An indigo car is a dark blue color.

81 Phonics and Fluency Review unit used menu Utah cue human humid January puny fuel pupil unicorn mew few unify universe My favorite month is January. I ate a few cookies after dinner. He used to sit with his friend Tony Polito on the bottom step when the days started getting longer and warmer and talk about it.

82 The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring crops decorated vacant mound patch

83 crops One day after the teacher had been talking about birds that were blue and his Mama had started talking about crops coming up, King Shabazz decided he had just had enough. Now that spring has arrived, the farmer is busy planting his crops. plants grown for food or to sell to make money

84 decorated They passed the Church of the Solid Rock with high windows all decorated and pretty. The wedding reception hall looked lovely, decorated with twinkling lights and pretty flowers. made beautiful by adding fancy things and frills

85 vacant Just after they passed some apartments King Shabazz and Tony Polito came to a vacant lot. The warehouse looked as though it had been vacant for years. empty; abandoned

86 mound The wheels were gone and so were the doors, but it was dark red and sitting high on a dirt mound in the middle of the lot. The catcher walked toward the pitcher’s mound, a slightly raised area of ground on a baseball field. He wanted to talk to the pitcher about the next batter. small hill or pile of dirt, rocks, or other material

87 patch He looked down and saw a patch of little yellow pointy flowers, growing in the middle of short spiky green leaves. A large empty patch stood out from the full green lawn. an area different from what is around it

88 English Language Conventions Review Remember… –Quotation marks are used to let the reader know that something is being said. –A comma sets off the speaker’s words from the rest of the sentence. –The ending punctuation goes inside the closing quotation mark. “I’m hungry!” Shelly said. “Are you tired?” Michael asked. Brian said, “It’s time to go to school.” –The name of a short story, poem, song, or book chapter should also be in quotation marks.

89 Listening Now, we will listen to the story on CD…

90 Assessments Selection Assessment –“The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring”—Unit 2 Assessment, p. 2-4 Vocabulary Assessment –Unit 2 Assessment, p. 5 Spelling Assessment –The /ar/ and /air/ sounds— – Unit 2 Assessment, p. 27

91 English Language Conventions (Penmanship) Let’s practice using cursive n and m: n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m Practice writing rows of n’ s and m’ s in your Writer’s Notebook. o nce time named spring

92 Writing Process Strategies (Writing 1.1, 1.4) Editing, Proofreading, &Publishing Let’s read Writer’s Workbook, pg. 9 on editing/proofreading. Now, we will edit, proofread, and publish our responses to fiction. Use the checklist on Writer’s Workbook page 9.

93 Writing Process Strategies Getting Ideas: Responding to Fiction TG p. 125F (writing 1.1, 1.4) Total point value: 10 Ideas are stated clearly and are easy to understand. (2 points) There is a topic sentence for each paragraph. (2 points) There is at least one supporting detail or example for each topic sentence (2 points) The final copy is clean, neat, and legible. (2 points) Mechanics-punctuation, spelling, and capitalization is correct. (2 points)


Download ppt "The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring By: Lucille Clifton Illustrated by: Brinton Turkle."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google