Presentation on theme: "Brought to you by : Ami and Olivia ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder."— Presentation transcript:
Brought to you by : Ami and Olivia ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD-defined Inattention- Inability to pay attention or focus Hyperactivity- Impaired ability to sit or concentrate for long periods of time; appears to be driven by a motor Impulsivity- Difficulty controlling ones own behavior
IDEA ADHD “The Other Health Impairment” IDEA 2004 Who qualifies? “must be significant, must be observed across several settings, must be documented as having existed before the age of seven, and must seriously affect educational performance” (Smith, 2007, p.218)
Who has ADHD? CDC www.cdc.gov Boys are 2-3 times more likely to have ADHD than girls.
What to look for in the classroom Inability to sit still/fidgety/squirmy Loses concentration Repeatedly off task Lack of self control Low academic performance Poor social skills Disorganized and forgetful Low self esteem
Treatment Options Medication Side effects Behavioral Therapy Diet changes Herbal Therapy Biofeedback Massage Yoga Combination of behavioral and medical interactions have been most effective
Positive Characteristics of ADHD Although children with ADHD present many challenges in the classroom they often display “intense creativity, intuitiveness, emotional awareness and exuberance. Individuals with ADHD may take an unusual or nonstandard approach to problem solving, look at situations from a different perspective, and exhibit an ability to think outside the box”. (Smith, 2007, p. 211)
What’s In Your Toolbox? Physical classroom environment “Withitness” – noting and recognizing triggers Consistency Partnering with families Collaborating with school resources
Instructional Techniques/Setting Your Students Up To Succeed Clear and concise direction Clearly defined goals Help students with time management Frequent feedback (goes both ways) Reinforce deadlines Frequent breaks Alternate activities with desk work Peer tutoring – academic & social improvement
Accommodations Longer testing periods Transitional prompts Additional organizational strategies Shorter study periods Tools for success- calculators, pointers, tracking devices. Evaluation methods should match the child’s ability
Validated Practices Self monitoring – Using timers to chart “on task” behavior. Self talk/reinforcement, goal setting, Check lists Gesturing: Representational Deictic Technology/Computer-assisted instruction Bernas, R., Eberhard, P. Xiao-lei, W. (2004) DuPaul, G., Stoner, G. (2004)
References Bernas, R., Eberhard, P. Xiao-lei, W. (2004). Engaging ADHD students in tasks with hand gestures: a pedagogical possibility for teachers. Educational Studies, 30, 3. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.ebscohost.comhttp://www.ebscohost.com Brand, S., Dunn, R., Greb, F. (2002). Learning styles of students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Who are they and how can we teach them? Clearing House, 75, 5, pp. 268 – 273. Retrieved June 18, 2009, from http://www.ebscohost.com Cook, M. (2005). The disruptive or ADHD Child: What to do when kids won’t sit still and be quiet. Focus on Exceptional Children, 37, 7. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.ebscohost.com Data and statistics. (2003). Center for disease control and prevention. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.cdc.orghttp://www.cdc.org DuPaul, G., Stoner, G. (2004). ADHD in the schools: Assessment and intervention strategies. Retrieved June 25, 2009, from: http://www.books.google.com/bookshttp://www.books.google.com/books
References (Cont’d.) Education Place. Graphic Organizers [organizer templates]. Retrieved June 25, 2009, from http://www.eduplace.comhttp://www.eduplace.com Giuliani, G., Pierangelo, R. (2001). What every teacher should know about students with special needs. Champaign, Illinois: Research Press. Hogan, D. (1997). ADHD: A travel guide to success. Childhood Education, 73, 3 pg. 158. Retrieved June 17, 2009, from http://www.ebscohost.comhttp://www.ebscohost.com Sava, F. (2000). Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder an exonerating construct? Strategies for school inclusion. European Journal of Special Needs Education, pp. 149-157. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.ebscohost.comhttp://www.ebscohost.com Smith, D. (2007). Introduction to Special Education (7 th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.