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INDIA: THE POLITICAL CHALLENGES BY: AMANDA WOOD, ANTHONY MASSE & HELEN BONGERS.

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Presentation on theme: "INDIA: THE POLITICAL CHALLENGES BY: AMANDA WOOD, ANTHONY MASSE & HELEN BONGERS."— Presentation transcript:

1 INDIA: THE POLITICAL CHALLENGES BY: AMANDA WOOD, ANTHONY MASSE & HELEN BONGERS

2 INDIA’S GOVERNMENT Indian leaders gathered to write a constitution 7 Territories 25 States Federal and State Governments President appoints state governors

3 PARLIAMENT Based on British form of government President is head of state, but has little power Two house- Rayja Sabha= Council of State & Lok Sabha= House of People 18 years old to vote Symbols on ballots

4 PARLIAMENT ( CONT ’ D ) Congress Party was dominate Bharata Janata Party (BJP) – very strong political party 1990’s- BJP formed a coalition gov’t BJP hurt by Hindu extremists & faced challenges

5 “ DIVIDING AND UNIFYING FORCES” Forces threatened to break India apart More than a billion people suffer from unmet needs, poverty and illiteracy Untouchables- suffered & forced to live outside of society( outlawed discrimination against & untouchability illegal) gov’t increased number of jobs for untouchables

6 “ DIVIDING AND UNIFYING FORCES” ( SIKHS ) Sikhs- belief in one god & rejected caste system Didn’t receive large share of gov’t resources Wanted to break away & form own country occupied Golden Temple & refused to leave (Sikhs refused to leave)

7 “ DIVIDING AND UNIFYING FORCES” ( H INDU -M USLIM ) Muslims fled to Pakistan Fought over the city of Ayodhya -Muslim mosque -Hindu god’s birthplace Hindus attacked & many were killed 10 years later, Hindu temple started another attack & more than 600 Indians were killed

8 INDIA’S LEADERS Jawaharal Nehru- led 17 years & wanted to make India an industrial nation Calmed religious outbreaks Helped resettle refugees from Pakistan Set up programs for schools Economic Development

9 INDIA’S LEADERS ( CONT ’ D ) Indira Gandhi ( daughter of Nehru) Economic Woes Corruption Charges Gandhi tries to jail opponents & limit freedoms Ordered gov’t troops to storm Golden Temple Gandhi’s Sikh bodyguards shot & killed her Rajiv Gandi (Gandhi’s son)- prime minister murdered by Tamil guerrillas

10 POLITICS TODAY IN INDIA Rayiv Gandhi’s death- ended political dynasty BJP has had several coalition governments BJP prime ministers: - deal w/ scandals involving gov’t officials - balanced the rival demands of political parties


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