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CHAPTERS 7 & 8 Musculo-Skeletal Systems
Word Roots Myel/obone marrow; spinal cord Osse/o; oste/obone
Chondr/ocartilage Cost/orib Spondyl/overtebra Thorac/ochest Vertebr/overtebra Word roots cont’d
Acetabul/oacetabulum Arthr/o; articul/ojoint Lei/osmooth Muscul/o; my/omuscle Rhabd/orod-shaped; striped; striated Tendin/o; ten/otendon
Word roots cont’d Kyph/ohumpback Lord/oswayback Scoli/ocurved
Suffixes -blastimmature -centesissurgical puncture to remove fluid; aspiration -clasissurgical fracture or refracture -dyniapain
Suffixes cont’d -clastbreakdown -desissurgical fusion; surgical binding -genesisformation -malaciasoftening -sarcomamalignant tumor of connective tissue; smooth muscle
Suffixes cont’d -physisto grow -porosisporous -astheniano strength -clonusturmoil -ionprocess of -thermyheat
Suffixes cont’d -kinesiamovement; motion -trophynourishment; growth -thermyheat -plasiadevelopment; formation
Prefix Ortho-straight Endo-within Peri-around Sub-under
Abbreviations TKRtotal knee replacement TMJtemporomandibular joint EMGelectromyography ROMrange of motion RICErest, ice, compression, elevation
Skeletal Attachments Ligaments Bone to bone Tendons Muscle to bone
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Body as a Whole RootMeaning adip/o; lip/o; steat/ofat axill/oarmpit bi/olife cephal/ohead cervic/oneck cyt/ocell hist/o; histi/otissue path/odisease viscer/ointernal.
SUPPORT AND LOCOmoTION. Locomotion self generated movement of an organism from place to place A. Motile Organisms- capable of locomotion B. Sessile Organisms-
Skeletal System Notes. Functions of the Skeletal System 1. Provide shape and support to body 2. Protect internal organs 3. Muscles attach to bones to.
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